Web developers
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Overview
Web developers design and create websites. They are responsible for the look of the site. They are also responsible for the site’s technical aspects, such as its performance and capacity, which are measures of a website’s speed and how much traffic the site can handle. In addition, web developers may create content for the site.
Predicted employment growth
Over the next decade, jobs for web developers are expected to grow by 15%, and should have about 15,200 job openings a year.
Workforce size
Web developers, with 162,900 workers, form a larger workforce than 76% of careers.
Education
About 70% of web developers have at least a bachelor's degree.
Education attained by web developers
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Context: workers with bachelor's degrees
More web developers have bachelor's degrees than 80% of other careeers.
Salaries
The median (middle) salary for web developers is higher than 77% of all other jobs' middle salaries. The graph shows inflation-adjusted salaries for most web developers.
This job's median $69KAll jobs' median $39K$68K$38K20142015201620172018$0$50K$100K$150K
Context: Median Salary
Gender
Women account for 33% of web developers -- that's a smaller percentage than 51% of other jobs.
Gender of web developers
Men
Women
Context: Salary inequity
For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. For web developers, the median men's salary was 17% more the median woman's salary.
Race/Origin
About 20% of web developers are minority, and 15% are foreign-born.
Race/origin of web developers
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Other
Context: Foreign-born workers (15%)
Where are the most jobs?
We ranked the number of jobs in Web Developers per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. The darker the blue, the higher the job density.
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
Job benefits
Employer or union-sponsored pension plans are offered to 46% of web developers, and 62% have company-sponsored health insurance (20% have dependents enrolled in their employer's health plan).
Employer-provided health coverage for web developers
100% premiums covered
Partial premiums covered
Plan with no cost sharing
No health insurance
Top college degrees
Here are the top college degrees held by the 69% of people in this job who have at least a bachelor's degree. Some of degrees may link to multiple programs due to the way Census classifies college majors. Click on a program to learn more about career opportunities for people who major in that field.
The downside
Some jobs are more stressful than others, and some are just plain dangerous. The following list gives the percentages of web developers who report hazardous or difficult situations typically occurring at least once a week.
  • Time Pressure (83%)
  • Consequence of Error (38%)
SOURCES:24.0 O*NET
Salary and diversity
Salary overview
What do web developers earn?

In this section, we want to give you a clear idea of what you can expect to earn in this career. We use two sources of data here: the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which asks employers to classify their workforce and to report salaries using the SOC-specialty level of reporting, and the American Community Survey (ACS), which asks people to classify their jobs using the broad classifications that ididio uses for career profiles, and to self-report their salaries. For some jobs, the differences in survey approaches between BLS and ACS can paint a very different end-picture. Whenever possible, we provide data from both sources.

The BLS-compiled salary data is reported by companies for their employees. This data excludes self-employed workers. We first show the distribution of salaries for web developers, and then we show how the middle (median) salary for web developers compares to the BLS-computed median salaries of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for web developers (BLS Salary Data)
$69K$0$50K$100K$150K
Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)
$69K$0$50K$100K$150K
We compiled household data from the ACS to determine the salaries that people working at least 35 hours a week report themselves to earn. Unlike the BLS estimates, this data includes self-employed wages. We first show the full salary distribution for all web developers, and then we show how the median (middle) salary for web developers compares to the median ACS-reported salary of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for web developers (ACS Salary Data)
$60K$0$50K$100K$150K
Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)
$60K$0$50K$100K$150K
Employers and salary
A look at employers and corresponding salaries
The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, and following we show the salary distributions for these workers based on those employer types. For some careers, the salaries can be vastly different between private, government, and self-employment. As with our salary overview, we view the both the BLS economists' salary profiles and the household-reported salaries from ACS to get a thorough understanding of where web developers work and for what salary. We have the great faith in the accuracy of economist-vetted BLS data; however, the BLS restrictions on which employers are surveyed skews the data a bit (read more in the sources), and the ACS responses provide different and useful categorizations of employers and salaries.
Employers of Web developers (ACS)
Private for-profit (66.6%)
Private not-for-profit (9.3%)
Local government (2.1%)
State government (4.7%)
Federal government (1.8%)
Self-employed incorporated (5.8%)
Self-employed not incorporated (9.6%)
Working without pay (0.1%)
Distribution: Salaries of web developers by type of employer (ACS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses.
$60K$63K$53K$59K$61K$40K$82K$58K$0$50,000$100,000$150,000Self-employed not incorporatedSelf-employed incorporatedFederal governmentState governmentLocal governmentPrivate not-for-profitPrivate for-profitAll
Distribution: Salaries of web developers by type of employer (BLS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS.
$69K$67K$70K$62K$0$50,000$100,000$150,000State governmentLocal governmentPrivateAll
Age and career advancement
Salary growth for web developers

The biggest take-away from the following two charts is the relationship between salary and experience that we can infer from age. Does this job seem to attract especially younger or older workers? Does it reward experience?

Take a minute a look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working in this career changes. We only provide this data when there are enough consistent ACS survey responses to allow a reasonable margin of error, so for some careers you will see gaps in our reporting of salary by age.

$62K$75K$68K$32K$72K$72K$48K$62K$71K$0$50K$100K$150KSalary distribution20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
010K20K30K40KNumber employed20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Gender and Equity
Web developers and gender

With 33% women, this occupation has a lower percentage of women than 51% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce
33%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Gender of Web developers
Men (67%)
Women (33%)
Distribution: Salaries by gender

As we'll illustrate at the bottom of this section, the median salary for all full-time male workers in the US exceeds the full-time median salary for women by 20%. The situation is a little better for web developers, with the median salary for men 17% higher than the median salary for women. This chart shows you the salary range for most workers by gender.

$54K$63K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KWomenMen
Context: Salary Inequity

Nationwide there are twenty careers for which men do not have a higher median (middle) salary than women. The chart below shows the salary inequity, the percentage by which the median men's salary is higher than the median women's salary, for most jobs. Web developers have one of the middle percentage increases for men's salary, with the increase for the men's median salary over the women's median salary in this job higher than that for 50% of other jobs.

17%0%20%40%60%80%100%

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Race/Origin
Race and origin of web developers

The representation of minority and foreign-born workers is quite different between careers, and the relative pay of those workers also varies significantly between careers. The percentage of minority web developers falls in about the middle of all careers' percentages. The percentage of foreign-born workers in this career is near the middle of all careers.

Race/origin of web developers
White (78% )
Asian (10% )
Black (6% )
Multiracial (3% )
Other (2% )
Hispanic (0% )
American Indian (0% )
Pacific Islander (0% )
Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce
20%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Context: Representation of foreign-born workers
15%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: Salaries for web developers by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

$48K$52K$55K$58K$60K$67K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KOtherMultiracialHispanicBlackWhiteAsian
Distribution: Salaries for web developers by nativity
$59K$64K$0$50K$100K$150KAll native citizensAll foreign-born

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Pathways to this career
Education requirements and salary
Education attained by web developers

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), web developers typically hold a associate's degree.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as web developers as reported in responses to the American Community Survey. Following, we investigate whether education level influences salary for web developers.

Education attained by web developers
None
High School
Some College
Associate's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Deg/Doct
Doctorate
Details: Education and training recommended for web developers

Educational requirements for web developers vary with the setting they work in and the type of work they do. Requirements range from a high school diploma to a bachelor’s degree. An associate’s degree in web design or related field is the most common requirement.

However, for more specialized developer positions, such as back-end web developers, some employers prefer workers who have at least a bachelor’s degree in computer science, programming, or a related field.

Web developers need to have a thorough understanding of HTML programming. Many employers also want developers to understand other programming languages, such as JavaScript or SQL, and have knowledge of multimedia publishing tools, such as Flash. Throughout their career, web developers must keep up to date on new tools and computer languages.

Some employers prefer web developers who have both a computer degree and coursework in graphic design, especially if the developer will be heavily involved in the website’s visual appearance.

Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for web developers? Below we see the distribution of web developers salaries based on the education attained. These comparisons are based on all survey responses by those who identified themselves as web developers, and are not intended as a statistical analysis of salary differences that would correct for non-educational factors that could contribute to high or low earnings.

$46K$49K$52K$62K$69K$73K$87K$0$50K$100K$150KHigh School (5%)Some College (15%)Associate's Degree (10%)Bachelor's Degree (56%)Master's Degree (13%)Professional Deg/Doct (1%)Doctorate (1%)
Bachelor's degree pathways
College majors held by web developers

This table shows the college majors held by people working as web developers. Select any degree to see detailed information. We are able to connect careers to degrees using the American Community Survey (ACS), and their degrees are defined a little differently from our programs, which are based on standard CIP classifications. Therefore, selecting some degrees will lead to a selection of CIP-level programs from which to choose.

If you see "**" before the name of a degree/program, that means this field is one that the Department of Education believes is preparatory for this career. However, you can see from this list that those recommendations are far from your only path to this job!

Degree
Select any title to learn more about that degree
Percentage of Web developers with this degree
Salary for all majors
Salary distribution (across jobs). Showing 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
Final education level of all people with this major
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Gender of people this bachelor's degree
Men
Women
The link between degrees and careers
The link between degrees and careers

With the following "sankey" diagram, you can follow the top ten bachelor's degrees held by people working as web developers, and then, in turn, you can see the 10 occupations that hire the most of each degree's graduates. This visualization links fields of studies and careers, suggesting both similar careers and options for degrees. The full list of bachelor's degrees held by web developers given in the previous section reminds us that there are many paths to these careers beyond what we can summarize here.

This job
Top 10 majors
Each major's top ten jobs
Applications and systems software developersComputer programmersManagers (specialized areas)Computer and information systems managersComputer occupations (specialized areas)Computer systems analystsComputer support specialistsManagement analystsNetwork and computer systems administratorsChief executives and legislatorsDesignersArtists and related workersFirst-line supervisors of retail sales workersElementary and middle school teachersRetail salespersonsMarketing and sales managersWeb developersCustomer service representativesSecretaries and administrative assistantsWholesale and manufacturing sales representativesHuman resources workersLawyers, judges, and magistratesAccountants and auditorsPostsecondary teachersSecondary school teachersEducation administratorsEditorsWriters and authorsMarket research analysts and marketing specialistsFirst-line supervisors of non-retail sales workersService sales representativesFinancial managersNews analysts, reporters and correspondentsPublic Relations SpecialistsProducers and directorsComputer ScienceCommercial Art andGraphic DesignCommunicationsGeneral Computer andInformation SystemsEnglish Language andLiteratureFine ArtsMarketingBusiness Management andAdministrationJournalismGeneral BusinessAll other degrees
Switching Careers
Most common new jobs
The most common next careers for web developers

What jobs will most web developers hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of web developers reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list?

Web developersApplications and systems software developersManagers (specialized areas)DesignersComputer programmersComputer systems analystsComputer occupations (specialized areas)Computer and information systems managersRetail salespersonsMarketing and sales managersFirst-line supervisors of retail sales workersWriters and authorsComputer support specialistsChief executives and legislatorsManagement analysts
Lateral career moves
Lateral job transitions for web developers

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies all 10 jobs which were held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as web developers as well as 1% of respondents after working as web developers. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Lateral-move careers for web developers
Annual openings
How many openings are expected each year?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Men
Women
First-line supervisors of retail sales workers
171,800
$0$200K$39K
Applications and systems software developers
118,900
$0$200K$96K
Managers (specialized areas)
84,000
$0$200K$72K
Computer support specialists
72,300
$0$200K$54K
Designers
61,700
$0$200K$51K
Computer systems analysts
45,200
$0$200K$75K
Computer and information systems managers
32,500
$0$200K$99K
Chief executives and legislators
24,000
$0$200K$96K
Computer occupations (specialized areas)
22,500
$0$200K$68K
Computer programmers
15,700
$0$200K$82K
Full prior and next career listings
Prior and next careers for web developers: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as web developers? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of web developers surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view
Prior jobs
Next jobs
Prior careers for web developers
Annual openings
How many openings are expected each year?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Men
Women
Percentage Transitioning
What percentage worked in this job the previous year?
Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides
380,800
$0$200K$25K
1.1%
Driver/sales workers and truck drivers
376,900
$0$200K$41K
1.1%
First-line supervisors of retail sales workers
171,800
$0$200K$39K
1.2%
Applications and systems software developers
118,900
$0$200K$96K
6.8%
Managers (specialized areas)
84,000
$0$200K$72K
4.9%
Computer support specialists
72,300
$0$200K$54K
1.4%
Designers
61,700
$0$200K$51K
4.4%
Computer systems analysts
45,200
$0$200K$75K
1.1%
Computer and information systems managers
32,500
$0$200K$99K
1.1%
Network and computer systems administrators
27,000
$0$200K$71K
1.1%
Chief executives and legislators
24,000
$0$200K$96K
1.5%
Computer occupations (specialized areas)
22,500
$0$200K$68K
2.1%
Computer programmers
15,700
$0$200K$82K
4.3%
Web developers
15,200
$0$200K$60K
38.2%
No occupation
7.7%
Read about web developers
Responsibilities and activities
Responsibilities and activities

Web developers typically do the following:

  • Meet with clients or management to discuss the needs and design of a website
  • Create and test applications for a website
  • Write code for the website, using programming languages such as HTML or XML
  • Work with other team members to determine what information the site will contain
  • Work with graphics and other designers to determine the website’s layout
  • Integrate graphics, audio, and video into the website
  • Monitor website traffic

When creating a website, developers have to make their client’s vision a reality. They build particular types of websites, such as ecommerce, news, or gaming sites, to fit clients’ needs. Different types of websites require different applications. For example, a gaming site should be able to handle advanced graphics, whereas an ecommerce site would need a payment-processing application. The developer decides which applications and designs will best fit the site.

Some developers handle all aspects of a website’s construction, and others specialize in a certain aspect of it. The following are examples of types of specialized web developers:

Back-end web developers are responsible for the overall technical construction of the website. They create the basic framework of the site and ensure that it works as expected. Back-end web developers also establish procedures for allowing others to add new pages to the website and meet with management to discuss major changes to the site.

Front-end web developers are responsible for how a website looks. They create the site’s layout and integrate graphics, applications (such as a retail checkout tool), and other content. They also write webdesign programs in a variety of computer languages, such as HTML or JavaScript.

Webmasters maintain websites and keep them updated. They ensure that websites operate correctly, and they test for errors such as broken links. Many webmasters respond to user comments as well.

Personality and skills
Personality and skills

Can you see yourself in the ranks of web developers? Here are the skills and traits that could lead to success.

Concentration
Web developers must sit at a computer and write detailed code for long periods.
Creativity
Web developers often are involved in designing the appearance of a website and must make sure that it is appealing as well as functional.
Customer-service skills
Webmasters have to respond politely and correctly to user questions and requests.
Detail oriented
Web developers need to have an eye for detail, because a minor error in coding could cause an entire webpage to stop working.
Trends in employment
Salary trends
Distribution and trends: Salaries for web developers
Choose actual dollars or inflation-adjusted dollars to view
Adjusted for inflation
Historic dollars

In 2018, the median (middle) salary for web developers was higher than 77% of all other jobs' middle salaries. This graphic shows how the salary distribution (adjusted for inflation) has changed for this job over recent years. The gray line, as a comparison, shows the median salary of all US workers.

This job's median $69KAll jobs' median $39K$68K$38K2012201320142015201620172018$0$50K$100K$150K
Projected versus actual employment
Exploring actual employment trends versus projected trends

Currently, jobs for web developers are anticipated to grow by 15% over the next decade; only 11% of jobs are predicted to grow more.

The projected employment for web developers is the best guess created by talented economists and statisticians at the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). However, as you look through several careers you'll notice that the projections are heavily influenced by past performance and may miss current trends. No one can tell the future, and as new information and better techniques are developed, actual counts and future projections may change. Here's a glimpse at the actual counts versus the projections over time.

20102015202020252030050,000100,000150,000200,000
Employment counts
Actual measured employment
BLS 10-year predictions
Variation by state
Employment
State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most web developers? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as web developers. You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

Choose the metric to review
Jobs per 1000 working
Number of jobs
Use this data source
BLS
Number of Web Developers per 1,000 workers (BLS)
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
0.00.51.01.52.0
Salary
Salaries by state
Let's get a feel for where web developers earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...
Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

  • In-state comparisons: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for web developers compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or
  • Median salary: the unaltered median salaries for web developers.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information.

Choose the metric to review
In-state comparisions
Median salary
Use this data source
BLS
Median salary ratio: Web Developers to all workers (BLS)
The darkest shading corresponds to states in which web developers earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
0.00.51.01.52.02.5
Compare to similar jobs

If this job interests you, then use the dots below to find other jobs you might like. The dots closer to the top represent jobs that are like Web developers (shown with a blue star). Look for the dots to the right to find the best salaries! (We pulled salary data from BLS, and they give a top salary value of just over $200K to protect privacy, so our graph would go much higher if the salaries were not top coded.)

How should the career similarity be computed

There are a number of ways to measure the similarity of jobs, here are a few we provide:

  • Interests: Also known as a Holland Code - Are you a thinker? A helper? What fits your personality?
  • Environment: Are there hazards? Will you be comfortable? Will it be stressful?
  • Knowledge: What do you need to know the most about?
  • Physical Abilities: Do you need to especially strong or coordinated?
Choose the similarity measure to compare careers
Interests
Environment
Knowledge
Physical Abilities
Jobs that are similar by Interests and Salary (All education levels)
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