Community and Social Service Specialists
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Community and Social Service Specialists
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Overview
All community and social service specialists not listed separately.
Workforce size
Community and social service specialists, with 100,300 workers, form a larger workforce than 65% of careers.
Predicted employment growth
Over the next decade, jobs for community and social service specialists are expected to grow by 13%, and should have about 14,100 job openings a year.
Education
About 57% of community and social service specialists have at least a bachelor's degree.
Education attained by community and social service specialists
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Context: workers with bachelor's degrees
More community and social service specialists have bachelor's degrees than 73% of other careeers.
Salaries
The median (middle) salary for 59% of all other jobs is higher than the middle salary for community and social service specialists. The graph shows inflation-adjusted salaries for most community and social service specialists.
This job's median $43KAll jobs' median $39K$44K$38K20142015201620172018$0$20K$40K$60K$80K
Context: Median Salary
Gender
Women account for 65% of community and social service specialists -- that's a larger percentage than 80% of other jobs.
Gender of community and social service specialists
Men
Women
Context: Salary inequity
For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. For community and social service specialists, the median men's salary was 15% more the median woman's salary.
Race/Origin
About 30% of community and social service specialists are minority, and 11% are foreign-born.
Race/origin of community and social service specialists
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Other
Context: Foreign-born workers (11%)
Where are the most jobs?
We ranked the number of jobs in Community and Social Service Specialists per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. The darker the blue, the higher the job density.
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
Job benefits
Employer or union-sponsored pension plans are offered to 59% of community and social service specialists, and 55% have company-sponsored health insurance (16% have dependents enrolled in their employer's health plan).
Employer-provided health coverage for community and social service specialists
100% premiums covered
Partial premiums covered
Plan with no cost sharing
No health insurance
Top college degrees
Here are the top college degrees held by the 56% of people in this job who have at least a bachelor's degree. Some of degrees may link to multiple programs due to the way Census classifies college majors. Click on a program to learn more about career opportunities for people who major in that field.
Salary and diversity
Salary overview
What do community and social service specialists earn?

In this section, we want to give you a clear idea of what you can expect to earn in this career. We use two sources of data here: the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which asks employers to classify their workforce and to report salaries using the SOC-specialty level of reporting, and the American Community Survey (ACS), which asks people to classify their jobs using the broad classifications that ididio uses for career profiles, and to self-report their salaries. For some jobs, the differences in survey approaches between BLS and ACS can paint a very different end-picture. In particular, the ACS data is reported for the larger career group community and social service specialists, which combines the data for 3 careers, including community and social service specialists. Whenever possible, we provide data from both sources.

The BLS-compiled salary data is reported by companies for their employees. This data is classified by SOC specialty, and excludes self-employed workers. We first show the distribution of salaries for community and social service specialists, and then we show how the middle (median) salary for community and social service specialists compares to the BLS-computed median salaries of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for community and social service specialists (BLS Salary Data)
$43K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)
$43K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
We compiled household data from the ACS to determine the salaries that people working at least 35 hours a week report themselves to earn. Unlike the BLS estimates, this data includes self-employed wages. Additionally, we only have ACS survey data for the larger career category and not for the specialty level. We first show the full salary distribution for all community and social service specialists, and then we show how the median (middle) salary for community and social service specialists compares to the median ACS-reported salary of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for community and social service specialists (ACS Salary Data)
$42K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)
$42K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Employers and salary
A look at employers and corresponding salaries
The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, and following we show the salary distributions for these workers based on those employer types. For some careers, the salaries can be vastly different between private, government, and self-employment. As with our salary overview, we view the both the BLS economists' salary profiles and the household-reported salaries from ACS to get a thorough understanding of where community and social service specialists work and for what salary. We have the great faith in the accuracy of economist-vetted BLS data; however, the BLS restrictions on which employers are surveyed skews the data a bit (read more in the sources), and the ACS responses provide different and useful categorizations of employers and salaries.
Employers of Community and Social Service Specialists (ACS)
Private for-profit (14.8%)
Private not-for-profit (56.2%)
Local government (12.3%)
State government (7.9%)
Federal government (7.5%)
Self-employed incorporated (0.3%)
Self-employed not incorporated (0.8%)
Working without pay (0.1%)
Distribution: Salaries of community and social service specialists by type of employer (ACS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses. These salaries were reported for the larger career group of community and social service specialists, which combines the 3 specialties for this career.
$42K$41K$43K$65K$40K$42K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000Federal governmentState governmentLocal governmentPrivate not-for-profitPrivate for-profitAll
Distribution: Salaries of community and social service specialists by type of employer (BLS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS. Remember that the BLS salaries are for the specialty community and social service specialists, and may differ signficantly from the ACS salary estimates which combine several career specialties.
$43K$48K$39K$42K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000State governmentLocal governmentPrivateAll
Age and career advancement
Salary growth for community and social service specialists

The biggest take-away from the following two charts is the relationship between salary and experience that we can infer from age. Does this job seem to attract especially younger or older workers? Does it reward experience?

Take a minute a look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working in this career changes. We only provide this data when there are enough consistent ACS survey responses to allow a reasonable margin of error, so for some careers you will see gaps in our reporting of salary by age.

$49K$42K$46K$36K$45K$50K$26K$49K$48K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KSalary distribution20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
02K4K6K8K10K12KNumber employed20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Gender and Equity
Community and social service specialists and gender

With 65% women, this occupation has a higher percentage of women than 80% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce
65%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Gender of Community and social service specialists
Men (35%)
Women (65%)
Distribution: Salaries by gender

As we'll illustrate at the bottom of this section, the median salary for all full-time male workers in the US exceeds the full-time median salary for women by 20%. The situation is a little better for community and social service specialists, with the median salary for men 15% higher than the median salary for women. This chart shows you the salary range for most workers by gender.

$41K$47K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KWomenMen
Context: Salary Inequity

Nationwide there are twenty careers for which men do not have a higher median (middle) salary than women. The chart below shows the salary inequity, the percentage by which the median men's salary is higher than the median women's salary, for most jobs. Community and social service specialists have one of the middle percentage increases for men's salary, with the increase for the men's median salary over the women's median salary in this job higher than that for 43% of other jobs.

15%0%20%40%60%80%100%

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Race/Origin
Race and origin of community and social service specialists

The representation of minority and foreign-born workers is quite different between careers, and the relative pay of those workers also varies significantly between careers. There is a higher percentage of minority community and social service specialists than for 88% of other careers. While this career employs many minorities, it employs a relatively small number of foreign-born people.

Race/origin of community and social service specialists
White (65% )
Black (20% )
Other (5% )
Asian (4% )
Multiracial (3% )
American Indian (3% )
Hispanic (1% )
Pacific Islander (0% )
Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce
30%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Context: Representation of foreign-born workers
11%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: Salaries for community and social service specialists by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

$39K$40K$43K$51K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100KBlackOtherWhiteAsian
Distribution: Salaries for community and social service specialists by nativity
$42K$43K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100KAll native citizensAll foreign-born

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Pathways to this career
Education requirements and salary
Education attained by community and social service specialists

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), community and social service specialists typically hold a bachelor's degree.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as community and social service specialists as reported in responses to the American Community Survey. Following, we investigate whether education level influences salary for community and social service specialists.

Education attained by community and social service specialists
None
High School
Some College
Associate's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Deg/Doct
Doctorate
Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for community and social service specialists? Below we see the distribution of community and social service specialists salaries based on the education attained. These comparisons are based on all survey responses by those who identified themselves as community and social service specialists, and are not intended as a statistical analysis of salary differences that would correct for non-educational factors that could contribute to high or low earnings.

$30K$38K$37K$36K$42K$54K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KNone (2%)High School (12%)Some College (20%)Associate's Degree (9%)Bachelor's Degree (34%)Master's Degree (19%)
Bachelor's degree pathways
College majors held by community and social service specialists

This table shows the college majors held by people working as community and social service specialists. Select any degree to see detailed information. We are able to connect careers to degrees using the American Community Survey (ACS), and their degrees are defined a little differently from our programs, which are based on standard CIP classifications. Therefore, selecting some degrees will lead to a selection of CIP-level programs from which to choose.

If you see "**" before the name of a degree/program, that means this field is one that the Department of Education believes is preparatory for this career. However, you can see from this list that those recommendations are far from your only path to this job!

Degree
Select any title to learn more about that degree
Percentage of Community and social service specialists with this degree
Salary for all majors
Salary distribution (across jobs). Showing 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
Final education level of all people with this major
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Gender of people this bachelor's degree
Men
Women
The link between degrees and careers
The link between degrees and careers

With the following "sankey" diagram, you can follow the top ten bachelor's degrees held by people working as community and social service specialists, and then, in turn, you can see the 10 occupations that hire the most of each degree's graduates. This visualization links fields of studies and careers, suggesting both similar careers and options for degrees. The full list of bachelor's degrees held by community and social service specialists given in the previous section reminds us that there are many paths to these careers beyond what we can summarize here.

This job
Top 10 majors
Each major's top ten jobs
CounselorsSocial workersElementary and middle school teachersPsychologistsManagers (specialized areas)Postsecondary teachersLawyers, judges, and magistratesPhysicians and surgeonsHuman resources workersEducation administratorsChief executives and legislatorsManagement analystsFinancial managersMarketing and sales managersFirst-line supervisors of retail sales workersAccountants and auditorsWholesale and manufacturing sales representativesSecretaries and administrative assistantsFirst-line supervisors of non-retail sales workersSocial and community service managersTherapists (specialized areas)Medical and health services managersFirst-line supervisors of office and administrative support workersRegistered nursesCustomer service representativesRetail salespersonsSecondary school teachersEditorsWriters and authorsPolice officersProbation officers and correctional treatment specialistsSecurity Guards and Gaming Surveillance OfficersBailiffs, correctional officers, and jailersDetectives and criminal investigatorsFirst-Line Supervisors of Police and DetectivesDentistsPhysical scientists (specialized areas)Epidemiologists and Medical/Life ScientistsClinical laboratory technologists and techniciansPharmacistsPsychologyPolitical Science andGovernmentBusiness Management andAdministrationSocial WorkSociologyCommunicationsGeneral BusinessEnglish Language andLiteratureCriminal Justice and FireProtectionBiologyAll other degrees
Switching Careers
Most common new jobs
The most common next careers for community and social service specialists

What jobs will most community and social service specialists hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of community and social service specialists reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list?

Community and Social Service SpecialistsSocial and community service managersSocial workersPersonal care aidesSocial and human service assistantsMedical and health services managersReligious workers (specialized areas)Managers (specialized areas)General office clerksTeachers and instructors (specialized areas)Customer service representativesHuman resources workersEducation administratorsCounselorsPublic Relations SpecialistsChief executives and legislatorsSecondary school teachersBusiness operations specialistsSecretaries and administrative assistantsChildcare workersRegistered nursesOffice and administrative support workersDirectors of religious activities and educationFirst-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers
Lateral career moves
Lateral job transitions for community and social service specialists

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies all 13 jobs which were held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as community and social service specialists as well as 1% of respondents after working as community and social service specialists. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Lateral-move careers for community and social service specialists
Annual openings
How many openings are expected each year?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Men
Women
Personal care aides
418,400
$0$200K$22K
Secretaries and administrative assistants
395,200
$0$200K$36K
Customer service representatives
373,800
$0$200K$32K
Registered nurses
203,800
$0$200K$63K
First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers
153,100
$0$200K$48K
Counselors
96,100
$0$200K$44K
Social workers
84,700
$0$200K$43K
Managers (specialized areas)
84,000
$0$200K$72K
Human resources workers
64,700
$0$200K$54K
Social and human service assistants
55,700
$0$200K$36K
Teachers and instructors (specialized areas)
55,600
$0$200K$43K
Office and administrative support workers
30,900
$0$200K$40K
Social and community service managers
16,300
$0$200K$54K
Full prior and next career listings
Prior and next careers for community and social service specialists: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as community and social service specialists? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of community and social service specialists surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view
Prior jobs
Next jobs
Prior careers for community and social service specialists
Annual openings
How many openings are expected each year?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Men
Women
Percentage Transitioning
What percentage worked in this job the previous year?
Personal care aides
418,400
$0$200K$22K
2.3%
Secretaries and administrative assistants
395,200
$0$200K$36K
1.9%
Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides
380,800
$0$200K$25K
2.0%
Customer service representatives
373,800
$0$200K$32K
1.0%
Registered nurses
203,800
$0$200K$63K
1.4%
Elementary and middle school teachers
164,300
$0$200K$51K
1.8%
First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers
153,100
$0$200K$48K
2.1%
Receptionists and information clerks
151,300
$0$200K$27K
3.6%
Accountants and auditors
143,000
$0$200K$60K
1.2%
Recreation and fitness workers
131,400
$0$200K$30K
1.8%
Applications and systems software developers
118,900
$0$200K$96K
1.3%
Counselors
96,100
$0$200K$44K
2.5%
Social workers
84,700
$0$200K$43K
3.4%
Managers (specialized areas)
84,000
$0$200K$72K
3.5%
Preschool and kindergarten teachers
70,500
$0$200K$25K
1.6%
Human resources workers
64,700
$0$200K$54K
1.6%
Social and human service assistants
55,700
$0$200K$36K
4.5%
Teachers and instructors (specialized areas)
55,600
$0$200K$43K
1.4%
Taxi drivers and chauffeurs
34,300
$0$200K$26K
1.2%
Community and Social Service Specialists
31,300
$0$200K$42K
13.3%
Trends in employment
Salary trends
Distribution and trends: Salaries for community and social service specialists
Choose actual dollars or inflation-adjusted dollars to view
Adjusted for inflation
Historic dollars

In 2018, the median (middle) for 59% of all other jobs were higher than the median (middle) salary for community and social service specialists. This graphic shows how the salary distribution (adjusted for inflation) has changed for this job over recent years. The gray line, as a comparison, shows the median salary of all US workers.

This job's median $43KAll jobs' median $39K$44K$38K2006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018$0$20K$40K$60K$80K
Projected versus actual employment
Exploring actual employment trends versus projected trends

Currently, jobs for community and social service specialists are anticipated to grow by 13% over the next decade; only 16% of jobs are predicted to grow more.

The projected employment for community and social service specialists is the best guess created by talented economists and statisticians at the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). However, as you look through several careers you'll notice that the projections are heavily influenced by past performance and may miss current trends. No one can tell the future, and as new information and better techniques are developed, actual counts and future projections may change. Here's a glimpse at the actual counts versus the projections over time.

2000201020202030050,000100,000150,000
Employment counts
Actual measured employment
BLS 10-year predictions
Variation by state
Employment
State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most community and social service specialists? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as community and social service specialists. You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

One important factor in the differences between ACS and BLS data is that the ACS numbers are for all community and social service specialists, comprised of all specialities listed in the menu bar, and you can choose to view the BLS at the specialty or full career level.

Choose the metric to review
Jobs per 1000 working
Number of jobs
Use this data source
BLS for this specialty
Number of Community and Social Service Specialists per 1,000 workers (BLS)
Select a state to see local area details
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0.01.02.03.0
Salary
Salaries by state
Let's get a feel for where community and social service specialists earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...
Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

  • In-state comparisons: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for community and social service specialists compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or
  • Median salary: the unaltered median salaries for community and social service specialists.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information. The ACS salaries are for all community and social service specialists, which combines the specialities from which you can choose at the top of the page.

Choose the metric to review
In-state comparisions
Median salary
Use this data source
BLS for this specialty
Median salary ratio: Community and Social Service Specialists to all workers (BLS for this specialty)
The darkest shading corresponds to states in which community and social service specialists earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
0.00.51.01.5
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