Judicial law clerks
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Overview
Assist judges in court or by conducting research or preparing legal documents. Excludes "Lawyers" (23-1011) and "Paralegals and Legal Assistants" (23-2011).
Predicted employment growth
Over the next decade, jobs for judicial law clerks are expected to grow by 6%, and should have about 800 job openings a year.
Safety from automation
Judicial law clerks are less likely to be automated than 61% of other careers.
Workforce size
Judicial law clerks, with 14,000 workers, form a smaller workforce than 80% of careers.
Education
About 76% of judicial law clerks have a graduate-level education, and 89% have at least a bachelor's degree.
Education attained by judicial law clerks
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Context: workers with graduate degrees
More judicial law clerks have graduate degrees than 97% of other careeers.
Salaries
The median (middle) salary for judicial law clerks is higher than 57% of all other jobs' middle salaries. The graph shows inflation-adjusted salaries for most judicial law clerks.
This job's median $54KAll jobs' median $39K$52K$38K20142015201620172018$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median Salary
Gender
Women account for 57% of judicial law clerks -- that's a larger percentage than 72% of other jobs.
Gender of judicial law clerks
Men
Women
Context: Salary inequity
For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. Women judicial law clerks actually earned more than men -- a very rare occurance among careers!
Race/Origin
About 19% of judicial law clerks are minority, and 8% are foreign-born.
Race/origin of judicial law clerks
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Other
Context: Foreign-born workers (8%)
Where are the most jobs?
We ranked the number of jobs in Judicial Law Clerks per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. The darker the blue, the higher the job density.
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
Job benefits
Employer or union-sponsored pension plans are offered to 72% of judicial law clerks, and 87% have company-sponsored health insurance (1% have dependents enrolled in their employer's health plan).
Employer-provided health coverage for judicial law clerks
100% premiums covered
Partial premiums covered
Plan with no cost sharing
No health insurance
Top college degrees
Here are the top college degrees held by the 91% of people in this job who have at least a bachelor's degree. Some of degrees may link to multiple programs due to the way Census classifies college majors. Click on a program to learn more about career opportunities for people who major in that field.
The downside
Some jobs are more stressful than others, and some are just plain dangerous. The following list gives the percentages of judicial law clerks who report hazardous or difficult situations typically occurring at least once a week.
  • Time Pressure (69%)
  • Consequence of Error (39%)
SOURCES:24.0 O*NET
Salary and diversity
Salary overview
What do judicial law clerks earn?

In this section, we want to give you a clear idea of what you can expect to earn in this career. We use two sources of data here: the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which asks employers to classify their workforce and to report salaries using the SOC-specialty level of reporting, and the American Community Survey (ACS), which asks people to classify their jobs using the broad classifications that ididio uses for career profiles, and to self-report their salaries. For some jobs, the differences in survey approaches between BLS and ACS can paint a very different end-picture. Whenever possible, we provide data from both sources.

The BLS-compiled salary data is reported by companies for their employees. This data excludes self-employed workers. We first show the distribution of salaries for judicial law clerks, and then we show how the middle (median) salary for judicial law clerks compares to the BLS-computed median salaries of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for judicial law clerks (BLS Salary Data)
$54K$0$50K$100K$150K
Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)
$54K$0$50K$100K$150K
We compiled household data from the ACS to determine the salaries that people working at least 35 hours a week report themselves to earn. Unlike the BLS estimates, this data includes self-employed wages. We first show the full salary distribution for all judicial law clerks, and then we show how the median (middle) salary for judicial law clerks compares to the median ACS-reported salary of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for judicial law clerks (ACS Salary Data)
$50K$0$50K$100K$150K
Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)
$50K$0$50K$100K$150K
Employers and salary
A look at employers and corresponding salaries
The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, and following we show the salary distributions for these workers based on those employer types. For some careers, the salaries can be vastly different between private, government, and self-employment. As with our salary overview, we view the both the BLS economists' salary profiles and the household-reported salaries from ACS to get a thorough understanding of where judicial law clerks work and for what salary. We have the great faith in the accuracy of economist-vetted BLS data; however, the BLS restrictions on which employers are surveyed skews the data a bit (read more in the sources), and the ACS responses provide different and useful categorizations of employers and salaries.
Employers of Judicial law clerks (ACS)
Private for-profit (25.1%)
Private not-for-profit (1.9%)
Local government (17.4%)
State government (29.3%)
Federal government (24.6%)
Self-employed incorporated (0.6%)
Self-employed not incorporated (1.1%)
Working without pay (0.0%)
Distribution: Salaries of judicial law clerks by type of employer (ACS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses.
$50K$73K$48K$42K$48K$0$50,000$100,000$150,000Federal governmentState governmentLocal governmentPrivate for-profitAll
Distribution: Salaries of judicial law clerks by type of employer (BLS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS.
$54K$52K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000Local governmentAll
Age and career advancement
Salary growth for judicial law clerks

The biggest take-away from the following two charts is the relationship between salary and experience that we can infer from age. Does this job seem to attract especially younger or older workers? Does it reward experience?

Take a minute a look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working in this career changes. We only provide this data when there are enough consistent ACS survey responses to allow a reasonable margin of error, so for some careers you will see gaps in our reporting of salary by age.

$36K$53K$71K$53K$54K$78K$0$50K$100K$150K$200KSalary distribution20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
02K4K6KNumber employed20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Gender and Equity
Judicial law clerks and gender

With 57% women, this occupation has a higher percentage of women than 72% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce
57%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Gender of Judicial law clerks
Men (43%)
Women (57%)
Distribution: Salaries by gender

Although nationally the median (middle) salary for all full-time male workers in the US exceeds the full-time median salary for women by 20%, in judicial law clerks, the median salary for women is 2% higher than the median salary for men. There are only 19 other jobs in which the median women's salary exceeds the median men's salary. This chart shows you the salary range for most workers by gender.

$51K$49K$0$50K$100K$150KWomenMen

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Race/Origin
Race and origin of judicial law clerks

The representation of minority and foreign-born workers is quite different between careers, and the relative pay of those workers also varies significantly between careers. The percentage of minority judicial law clerks falls in about the middle of all careers' percentages. There is a smaller percentage of foreign-born workers in this career than in most other careers.

Race/origin of judicial law clerks
White (80% )
Black (9% )
Asian (7% )
Multiracial (3% )
Other (1% )
Hispanic (1% )
Pacific Islander (0% )
Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce
19%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Context: Representation of foreign-born workers
8%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: Salaries for judicial law clerks by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

$44K$50K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KBlackWhite
Distribution: Salaries for judicial law clerks by nativity
$50K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KAll native citizens

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Pathways to this career
Education requirements and salary
Education attained by judicial law clerks

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), judicial law clerks typically hold a doctoral or professional degree.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as judicial law clerks as reported in responses to the American Community Survey. Following, we investigate whether education level influences salary for judicial law clerks.

Education attained by judicial law clerks
None
High School
Some College
Associate's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Deg/Doct
Doctorate
Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for judicial law clerks? Below we see the distribution of judicial law clerks salaries based on the education attained. These comparisons are based on all survey responses by those who identified themselves as judicial law clerks, and are not intended as a statistical analysis of salary differences that would correct for non-educational factors that could contribute to high or low earnings.

$41K$38K$45K$42K$53K$0$50K$100K$150KHigh School (1%)Some College (7%)Associate's Degree (3%)Bachelor's Degree (13%)Professional Deg/Doct (69%)
Bachelor's degree pathways
College majors held by judicial law clerks

This table shows the college majors held by people working as judicial law clerks. Select any degree to see detailed information. We are able to connect careers to degrees using the American Community Survey (ACS), and their degrees are defined a little differently from our programs, which are based on standard CIP classifications. Therefore, selecting some degrees will lead to a selection of CIP-level programs from which to choose.

If you see "**" before the name of a degree/program, that means this field is one that the Department of Education believes is preparatory for this career. However, you can see from this list that those recommendations are far from your only path to this job!

Degree
Select any title to learn more about that degree
Percentage of Judicial law clerks with this degree
Salary for all majors
Salary distribution (across jobs). Showing 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
Final education level of all people with this major
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Gender of people this bachelor's degree
Men
Women
6.3%
$0$200K$60K
5.2%
$0$200K$53K
3.0%
$0$200K$73K
2.3%
$0$200K$54K
2.1%
$0$200K$63K
1.9%
$0$200K$72K
1.8%
$0$200K$56K
1.6%
$0$200K$57K
1.3%
$0$200K$63K
1.3%
$0$200K$73K
1.1%
$0$200K$56K
The link between degrees and careers
The link between degrees and careers

With the following "sankey" diagram, you can follow the top ten bachelor's degrees held by people working as judicial law clerks, and then, in turn, you can see the 10 occupations that hire the most of each degree's graduates. This visualization links fields of studies and careers, suggesting both similar careers and options for degrees. The full list of bachelor's degrees held by judicial law clerks given in the previous section reminds us that there are many paths to these careers beyond what we can summarize here.

This job
Top 10 majors
Each major's top ten jobs
Lawyers, judges, and magistratesManagers (specialized areas)Elementary and middle school teachersChief executives and legislatorsPostsecondary teachersManagement analystsEducation administratorsFinancial managersMarketing and sales managersFirst-line supervisors of retail sales workersSecondary school teachersSecretaries and administrative assistantsEditorsWriters and authorsWholesale and manufacturing sales representativesPolice officersSocial workersProbation officers and correctional treatment specialistsSecurity Guards and Gaming Surveillance OfficersBailiffs, correctional officers, and jailersDetectives and criminal investigatorsFirst-Line Supervisors of Police and DetectivesCounselorsPsychologistsPhysicians and surgeonsHuman resources workersClergyApplications and systems software developersAccountants and auditorsFirst-line supervisors of non-retail sales workersPersonal financial advisorsSocial and community service managersRetail salespersonsPolitical Science andGovernmentEnglish Language andLiteratureHistoryCriminal Justice and FireProtectionPsychologyPhilosophy and ReligiousStudiesBusiness Management andAdministrationEconomicsSociologyGeneral BusinessAll other degrees
Switching Careers
Most common new jobs
The most common next careers for judicial law clerks

What jobs will most judicial law clerks hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of judicial law clerks reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list?

Lawyers, judges, and magistratesJudicial law clerksParalegals and legal assistantsCourt, municipal, and license clerksCustomer service representativesComputer operatorsEducation, training, and library workers (specialized areas)
Lateral career moves
Lateral job transitions for judicial law clerks

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies all 3 jobs which were held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as judicial law clerks as well as 1% of respondents after working as judicial law clerks. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Lateral-move careers for judicial law clerks
Annual openings
How many openings are expected each year?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Men
Women
Lawyers, judges, and magistrates
44,000
$0$200K$93K
Paralegals and legal assistants
34,800
$0$200K$47K
Court, municipal, and license clerks
12,700
$0$200K$38K
Full prior and next career listings
Prior and next careers for judicial law clerks: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as judicial law clerks? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of judicial law clerks surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view
Prior jobs
Next jobs
Prior careers for judicial law clerks
Annual openings
How many openings are expected each year?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Men
Women
Percentage Transitioning
What percentage worked in this job the previous year?
Postsecondary teachers
172,500
$0$200K$62K
2.6%
Social workers
84,700
$0$200K$43K
5.8%
Automotive service technicians and mechanics
78,200
$0$200K$36K
7.2%
Lawyers, judges, and magistrates
44,000
$0$200K$93K
14.5%
Paralegals and legal assistants
34,800
$0$200K$47K
13.6%
Physicians and surgeons
28,600
$0$200K$76K
4.6%
Court, municipal, and license clerks
12,700
$0$200K$38K
6.7%
Legal support workers (specialized areas)
12,400
$0$200K$49K
2.3%
Judicial law clerks
800
$0$200K$50K
24.4%
No occupation
18.3%
Trends in employment
Salary trends
Distribution and trends: Salaries for judicial law clerks
Choose actual dollars or inflation-adjusted dollars to view
Adjusted for inflation
Historic dollars

In 2018, the median (middle) salary for judicial law clerks was higher than 57% of all other jobs' middle salaries. This graphic shows how the salary distribution (adjusted for inflation) has changed for this job over recent years. The gray line, as a comparison, shows the median salary of all US workers.

This job's median $54KAll jobs' median $39K$46K$39K201020112012201320142015201620172018$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Projected versus actual employment
Exploring actual employment trends versus projected trends

Currently, jobs for judicial law clerks are anticipated to grow by 6% over the next decade; 57% of jobs are projected to grow more.

The projected employment for judicial law clerks is the best guess created by talented economists and statisticians at the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). However, as you look through several careers you'll notice that the projections are heavily influenced by past performance and may miss current trends. No one can tell the future, and as new information and better techniques are developed, actual counts and future projections may change. Here's a glimpse at the actual counts versus the projections over time.

20102015202020252030010,00020,00030,00040,000
Employment counts
Actual measured employment
BLS 10-year predictions
Variation by state
Employment
State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most judicial law clerks? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as judicial law clerks. You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

Choose the metric to review
Jobs per 1000 working
Number of jobs
Use this data source
BLS
Number of Judicial Law Clerks per 1,000 workers (BLS)
Select a state to see local area details
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0.00.10.20.30.4
Salary
Salaries by state
Let's get a feel for where judicial law clerks earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...
Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

  • In-state comparisons: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for judicial law clerks compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or
  • Median salary: the unaltered median salaries for judicial law clerks.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information.

Choose the metric to review
In-state comparisions
Median salary
Use this data source
BLS
Median salary ratio: Judicial Law Clerks to all workers (BLS)
The darkest shading corresponds to states in which judicial law clerks earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.
Select a state to see local area details
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0.01.02.03.0
Compare to similar jobs

If this job interests you, then use the dots below to find other jobs you might like. The dots closer to the top represent jobs that are like Judicial law clerks (shown with a blue star). Look for the dots to the right to find the best salaries! (We pulled salary data from BLS, and they give a top salary value of just over $200K to protect privacy, so our graph would go much higher if the salaries were not top coded.)

How should the career similarity be computed

There are a number of ways to measure the similarity of jobs, here are a few we provide:

  • Interests: Also known as a Holland Code - Are you a thinker? A helper? What fits your personality?
  • Environment: Are there hazards? Will you be comfortable? Will it be stressful?
  • Knowledge: What do you need to know the most about?
  • Physical Abilities: Do you need to especially strong or coordinated?
Choose the similarity measure to compare careers
Interests
Environment
Knowledge
Physical Abilities
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