Pediatric Surgeons
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Speciality
Overview
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Diagnose and perform surgery to treat fetal abnormalities and birth defects, diseases, and injuries in fetuses, premature and newborn infants, children, and adolescents. Includes all pediatric surgical specialties and subspecialties.
Titles for this career often contain these words
SurgeonDoctorHeartPhysicianSurgicalTraumaBrainCardiacCardiothoracicCardiovascularColonRectalColorectalCosmeticEyeGeneralHandNeurologicalNeurosurgeonOphthalmicOrthopaedicOrthopedicPediatricPhysiciansSurgeonsPlasticPodiatricFootAnkleSpecialistReconstructiveSpinalEndoscopistOncologistThoracicTransplantTransverseAbdominalMuscleTRAMUpperExtremityUrologicVascular
Education
About 100% of orthopedic surgeons have a graduate-level education, and 100% have at least a bachelor's degree.
Education attained by orthopedic surgeons
None
High School
Some College
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Degree
Doctorate
Context: workers with graduate degrees
More orthopedic surgeons have graduate degrees than 99% of other careeers.
Employment
Workforce size
Pediatric surgeons, with 38,200 workers, are near the middle of all careers in the number employed.
Predicted employment growth
Over the next decade, jobs for pediatric surgeons are expected to grow by 1%, and should have about 1,200 job openings a year.
Salaries
Context: Median Salary
How do salaries for surgeons, except ophthalmologists compare to other jobs' salaries?
Distribution: What salary can you expect?
See what most surgeons, except ophthalmologists earn.
$208K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250K
Note: The salaries for pediatric surgeons have been top-coded by the BLS; in 2019, all annual salaries larger than $208,000 are recorded as $208,000.
Gender
Women account for 17% of orthopedic surgeons -- that's a smaller percentage than 70% of other jobs.
Gender of orthopedic surgeons
Men
Women
Context: Salary inequity
For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. Women orthopedic surgeons actually earned more than men -- a very rare occurance among careers!
Race/Origin
About 25% of orthopedic surgeons are minority, and 25% are foreign-born.
Race/origin of orthopedic surgeons
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Other
Context: Foreign-born workers (25%)
Where are the most jobs?
We ranked the number of jobs in Pediatric Surgeons per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. Blue indicates low density, with lighter shades moving to yellow indicating higher numbers working in this profession.
AKMEWIVTNHWAIDMTNDMNILMINYMAORUTWYSDIAINOHPANJCTRICANVCONEMOKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
Benefits
How do benefits for this career compare to other jobs?
Context: Employer offers health insurance
Context: Employer offers a pension plan
Context: workers are union members
Worker concerns
Some jobs are more stressful than others, and some are just plain dangerous. The following list gives the percentages of pediatric surgeons who report hazardous or difficult situations typically occurring at least once a week.
  • Consequence of Error (93%)
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections (80%)
  • Time Pressure (77%)
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety (73%)
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations (66%)
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People (38%)
SOURCES:
Salary and diversity
What do orthopedic surgeons earn?
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) provides company-reported job titles and corresonding salaries at the specialty level (pediatric surgeons). This data excludes self-employed workers.
Distribution: Salaries for pediatric surgeons (BLS Salary Data)
$208K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250K
Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)
$208K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250K
Note: The salaries for pediatric surgeons have been top-coded by the BLS; in 2019, all annual salaries larger than $208,000 are recorded as $208,000.
The American Community Survey (ACS) asks individuals to report their occupation and salary, and as such includes self-employed workers. This view of salaries is only available for all orthopedic surgeons.
Distribution: Salaries for orthopedic surgeons (ACS Salary Data)
$74K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250K
Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)
$74K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250K
Physicians and surgeons: Inflation-adjusted salary trend
This job's median $77KAll jobs' median $45K$114K$44K070809101112131415161718$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250K
A look at employers and corresponding salaries
The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, giving us a picture of what employers most typically hire pediatric surgeons.
Employers of Orthopedic Surgeons (ACS)
Private for-profit (41.5%)
Private not-for-profit (27.9%)
Local government (1.4%)
State government (5.1%)
Federal government (4.5%)
Self-employed incorporated (14.8%)
Self-employed not incorporated (4.7%)
Working without pay (0.1%)
Distribution: Salaries of orthopedic surgeons by type of employer (ACS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses. These salaries were reported for the larger career group of orthopedic surgeons, which combines the 4 specialties for this career.
$74K$64K$85K$125K$59K$118K$0$50,000$100,000$150,000$200,000Self-employed incorporatedFederal governmentState governmentPrivate not-for-profitPrivate for-profitAll
Note: The salaries for pediatric surgeons have been top-coded by the BLS; in 2019, all annual salaries larger than $208,000 are recorded as $208,000.
Distribution: Salaries of pediatric surgeons by type of employer (BLS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS. Remember that the BLS salaries are for the specialty pediatric surgeons, and may differ signficantly from the ACS salary estimates which combine several career specialties.
$208K$0$50,000$100,000$150,000$200,000$250,000All
Note: The salaries for pediatric surgeons have been top-coded by the BLS; in 2019, all annual salaries larger than $208,000 are recorded as $208,000.

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Salary growth for orthopedic surgeons

Is this a job that rewards experience, or is this job most likely a part of a career ladder? The higher a job's experience quotient, the more experience is rewarded with pay increases. Jobs in the green range have the best rewards with experience.

Take a minute to look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working at each age change. Does this seem to be a job for the young or the old, or could it be a career offering steady salary growth for many years?

Salary distribution
$145K$79K$141K$55K$65K$129K$106K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250K20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
Number employed
02K4K6K20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Orthopedic surgeons and gender

With 17% women, this occupation has a lower percentage of women than 70% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce
17%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Gender of Orthopedic surgeons
Men (83%)
Women (17%)
Distribution: Salaries by gender

Although nationally the median (middle) salary for all full-time male workers in the US exceeds the full-time median salary for women by 19%, in orthopedic surgeons, the median salary for women is 18% higher than the median salary for men.

$86K$73K$0$50K$100K$150K$200KWomenMen

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Race and origin of orthopedic surgeons

Here we check out the diversity of origin in this career. There is a higher percentage of minority orthopedic surgeons than for 69% of other careers. This career hires a larger percentage of foreign-born workers than most other careers.

Race/origin of orthopedic surgeons
White (74% )
Asian (18% )
Black (3% )
Multiracial (3% )
Other (1% )
American Indian (0% )
Hispanic (0% )
Pacific Islander (0% )
Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce
25%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Context: Representation of foreign-born workers
25%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: Salaries for orthopedic surgeons by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

$79K$81K$105K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250KWhiteAsianMultiracial
Distribution: Salaries for orthopedic surgeons by nativity
$73K$82K$0$50K$100K$150K$200KAll native citizensAll foreign-born

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Orthopedic surgeons and Part-time/Full-time employment

We've found that somes jobs hava a huge number of part-time workers, and that typically most who are working part-time are doing so because they cannot find full-time work or the job they have cannot provide full-time hours. With 4% part-time workers, this occupation has a lower percentage of part-time workers than 83% of careers.

Context: Part-time workers in the workforce
4%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Why workers are part-time
Full-Time is less than 35 hours a week
Retired/Social Security limit on earnings
Could not find full-time work
Seasonal work
Slack work/business conditions
School/training
Health/medical limitations
Child care problems
Other family/personal obligations
Other reasons
Distribution: Salaries by part-time/full-time status

We only have enough data to accuarately show the salary distribution for full-time workers.

$74K$0$50K$100K$150K$200KFull-time workers
Pathways to this career
Education attained by pediatric surgeons

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), pediatric surgeons typically hold a doctoral or professional degree.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as orthopedic surgeons as reported in responses to the American Community Survey.

Details: Education and training recommended for pediatric surgeons

Most applicants to medical school have at least a bachelor's degree, and many have advanced degrees. Although no specific major is required, students usually complete undergraduate work in biology, chemistry, physics, math, and English. Students also may take courses in the humanities and social sciences. In addition, some students volunteer at local hospitals or clinics to gain experience in a healthcare setting.

Medical schools are highly competitive. Most applicants must submit transcripts, scores from the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), and letters of recommendation. Schools also consider an applicant’s personality, leadership qualities, and participation in extracurricular activities. Most schools require applicants to interview with members of the admissions committee.

A few medical schools offer combined undergraduate and medical school programs that last 6 to 8 years.

Students spend most of the first 2 years of medical school in laboratories and classrooms, taking courses such as anatomy, biochemistry, pharmacology, psychology, medical ethics, and in the laws governing medicine. They also gain practical skills; learning to take medical histories, examine patients, and diagnose illnesses.

During their last 2 years, medical students work with patients under the supervision of experienced physicians in hospitals and clinics. Through rotations in internal medicine, family practice, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, psychiatry, and surgery, they gain experience in diagnosing and treating illnesses in a variety of areas.

Details: Licensing and certification recommended for pediatric surgeons

All states require physicians and surgeons to be licensed; requirements vary by state. To qualify for a license, candidates must graduate from an accredited medical school and complete residency training in their specialty.

All physicians and surgeons also must pass a standardized national licensure exam. M.D.s take the U.S. Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE). D.O.s take the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination (COMLEX-USA). For specific state information about licensing, contact your state’s medical board.

Certification is not required for physicians and surgeons; however, it may increase their employment opportunities. M.D.s and D.O.s seeking board certification in a specialty may spend up to 7 years in residency training; the length of time varies with the specialty. To become board certified, candidates must complete a residency program and pass a specialty certification exam from a certifying board including the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS), the American Osteopathic Association (AOA), or the American Board of Physician Specialties (ABPS).

Education attained by orthopedic surgeons
None
High School
Some College
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Degree
Doctorate
Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for orthopedic surgeons? Below we see the distribution of orthopedic surgeons salaries based on the education attained. You may have noticed in the dashboard and elsewhere that BLS top-codes salaries. ACS also engages in a form of top-coding, but by looking at the broader field of orthopedic surgeons and using the ACS, we are able to see some of the higher salaries and can give a better idea of the range of salaries for this field.

$74K$82K$0$50K$100K$150K$200KProfessional Degree (84%)Doctorate (15%)

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

College majors held by orthopedic surgeons

This table shows the college majors held by people working as orthopedic surgeons.

If you see "**" before the name of a degree/program, that means this field is one that the Department of Education believes is preparatory for this career. However, you can see from this list that those recommendations are far from your only path to this job!

Percentage of Orthopedic surgeons with this degree
Salary for all majors
Salary distribution (across jobs). Showing 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
Final education level of all people with this major
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate/Professional
Gender
Gender of people this bachelor's degree
Men
Women
The link between degrees and careers

With the following sankey diagram, you can follow the top ten bachelor's degrees held by people working as orthopedic surgeons, and then, in turn, you can see the 10 occupations that hire the most of each degree's graduates. We hope this provides ideas for similar jobs and similar fields of study.

PhysiciansPostsecondary TeachersSpecialized ManagersElementary and Middle Sch...DentistsRegistered NursesSpecialized Physical Scie...Specialized Life Scientis...Medical and Clinical Labo...PharmacistsChemists and materials sc...Secondary School TeachersMedical and Health Servic...Physician AssistantsSpecialized SurgeonsVeterinariansChiropractorsSpecialized Social Worker...Educational, Guidance, an...Specialized PsychologistsLawyers, and judges, magi...Labor Relations Specialis...Education and childcare a...First-Line Supervisors of...Accountants and AuditorsWholesale and Manufacturi...Biological ScientistsNurse Practitioners and N...Nurse AnesthetistsNursing AssistantsLicensed Practical and Li...Specialized Life, Physica...BiologyChemistryBiochemical SciencesHealth and MedicalPreparatory ProgramsPsychologyMultidisciplinary or GeneralScienceZoologyNursingMicrobiologyMolecular BiologyAll other degreesThis jobTop 10 majorsEach major's top ten jobs
What college major is your best entry?

Almost all of people working as orthopedic surgeons have at least a bachelor's degree. Each dot represents a college major leading to these jobs, with the dots to the right representing the majors sending the most of their grads into this career. The dots at the top are the majors who earn the most working in this career.

Darker colors have a larger percentage with graduate degreesOverall median salary0.0%5.0%10.0%15.0%20.0%25.0%30.0%35.0%Percentage with this major$50,000$100,000$150,000$200,000$250,000$300,000$350,000$400,000$450,000Median salary with this major
Switching Careers
The most common next careers for orthopedic surgeons

What jobs will most orthopedic surgeons hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of orthopedic surgeons reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list? For orthopedic surgeons, there isn't a lot of action in this chart! This isn't a career that invites much moving around.

Physicians and surgeonsRegistered nursesPostsecondary teachers and assistantsMedical and Health Services Managers
Lateral job transitions for orthopedic surgeons

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies all 3 jobs which were held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as orthopedic surgeons as well as 1% of respondents after working as orthopedic surgeons. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Employed
How many people have this job?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
No degree
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate/Professional
Gender
Men
Women
Prior and next careers for orthopedic surgeons: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as orthopedic surgeons? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of orthopedic surgeons surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view
Prior jobs
Next jobs
Employed
How many people have this job?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
No degree
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate/Professional
Gender
Men
Women
Percentage Transitioning
What percentage worked in this job the previous year?
Variation by state
State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most pediatric surgeons? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as pediatric surgeons. You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

One important factor in the differences between ACS and BLS data is that the ACS numbers are for all orthopedic surgeons, comprised of all specialities listed in the menu bar, and you can choose to view the BLS at the specialty or full career level.

Choose the metric to review
Jobs per 1000 working
Number of jobs
Use this data source
BLS for this specialty
Number of Pediatric Surgeons per 1,000 workers (BLS)
Select a state to see local area details
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0.00.20.40.60.8
Salaries by state
Let's get a feel for where pediatric surgeons earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...
Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

  • In-state comparisons: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for orthopedic surgeons compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or
  • Median salary: the unaltered median salaries for orthopedic surgeons.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information. The ACS salaries are for all orthopedic surgeons, which combines the specialities from which you can choose at the top of the page.

Choose the metric to review
Location-adjusted median salary
Median salary
Use this data source
BLS for this specialty
Location-adjusted median salary for Pediatric Surgeons (BLS for this specialty)
The darkest shading corresponds to states in which pediatric surgeons earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEWIVTNHWAIDMTNDMNILMINYMAORUTWYSDIAINOHPANJCTRICANVCONEMOKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250K
Compare to similar jobs

If this job interests you, then use the tabs and education selector to find other careers that might be a good fit for you.

How should the career similarity be computed?

There are a number of ways to measure the similarity of jobs, here are a few we provide:

  • Interests: Also known as a Holland Code - Are you a thinker? A helper? What fits your personality?
  • Environment: Are there hazards? Will you be comfortable? Will it be stressful?
  • Knowledge: What do you need to know the most about?
  • Physical Abilities: Do you need to especially strong or coordinated?
Choose the similarity measure to compare careers
Interests
Environment
Knowledge
Physical Abilities
Jobs that are similar by Interests with
All education levels
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