Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers
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Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
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Overview
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Masonry workers use bricks, concrete blocks, concrete, and natural and manmade stones to build masonry structures.
Titles for this career often contain these words
ConcreteFinisherCementOperatorMasonInstallerSetterApprenticeBuilderFloorGrinderSwimmingPoolJointGunPatcherCementerColumnPrecasterCuttingFenceFloaterFormLaborerPlacementEquipmentPointerPolisherRubberSmootherStoneCurbFloat
Education
Only 3% of cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers have a bachelor's degree or higher.
Education attained by cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Context: workers with bachelor's degrees
Fewer cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers have bachelor's degrees than 95% of other careeers.
Employment
Workforce size
Cement masons and concrete finishers, with 191,100 workers, form a larger workforce than 79% of careers.
Predicted employment growth
Over the next decade, jobs for cement masons and concrete finishers are expected to grow by 11%, and should have about 23,300 job openings a year.
Safety from automation
Cement masons and concrete finishers are more likely to be automated than 83% of other careers.
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Salaries
The median (middle) salary for 58% of all other jobs is higher than the middle salary for cement masons and concrete finishers. The graph shows inflation-adjusted salaries for most cement masons and concrete finishers.
This job's median $43KAll jobs' median $39K$39K$38K20142015201620172018$0$20K$40K$60K$80K
Context: Median Salary
Gender
Women account for 1% of cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers -- that's a smaller percentage than 97% of other jobs.
Gender of cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers
Men
Women
Context: Salary inequity
For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. For cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers, the median men's salary was Infinity% more the median woman's salary.
Race/Origin
About 15% of cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers are minority, and 36% are foreign-born.
Race/origin of cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Other
Context: Foreign-born workers (36%)
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Where are the most jobs?
We ranked the number of jobs in Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. The darker the blue, the higher the job density.
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
Job benefits
Employer or union-sponsored pension plans are offered to 16% of cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers, and 34% have company-sponsored health insurance (12% have dependents enrolled in their employer's health plan).
Employer-provided health coverage for cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers
100% premiums covered
Partial premiums covered
Plan with no cost sharing
No health insurance
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Injury and Illness
About 49 cement masons and concrete finishers become injured or ill for every 10,000 workers, which reflects fewer events than in 56% of other careers. The most common specific illnesses or injuries are detailed following.
Chemical burns and corrosions
Soreness and pain
Fractures
Worker concerns
Some jobs are more stressful than others, and some are just plain dangerous. The following list gives the percentages of cement masons and concrete finishers who report hazardous or difficult situations typically occurring at least once a week.
  • Exposed to Contaminants (98%)
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety (84%)
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment (76%)
  • Time Pressure (63%)
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations (58%)
  • Consequence of Error (55%)
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings (52%)
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People (52%)
  • Exposed to High Places (46%)
SOURCES:24.0 O*NET
Salary and diversity
Salary overview
What do cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers earn?

In this section, we want to give you a clear idea of what you can expect to earn in this career. We use two sources of data here: the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which asks employers to classify their workforce and to report salaries using the SOC-specialty level of reporting, and the American Community Survey (ACS), which asks people to classify their jobs using the broad classifications that ididio uses for career profiles, and to self-report their salaries. For some jobs, the differences in survey approaches between BLS and ACS can paint a very different end-picture. In particular, the ACS data is reported for the larger career group cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers, which combines the data for 2 careers, including cement masons and concrete finishers. Whenever possible, we provide data from both sources.

The BLS-compiled salary data is reported by companies for their employees. This data is classified by SOC specialty, and excludes self-employed workers. We first show the distribution of salaries for cement masons and concrete finishers, and then we show how the middle (median) salary for cement masons and concrete finishers compares to the BLS-computed median salaries of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for cement masons and concrete finishers (BLS Salary Data)
$43K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)
$43K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
We compiled household data from the ACS to determine the salaries that people working at least 35 hours a week report themselves to earn. Unlike the BLS estimates, this data includes self-employed wages. Additionally, we only have ACS survey data for the larger career category and not for the specialty level. We first show the full salary distribution for all cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers, and then we show how the median (middle) salary for cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers compares to the median ACS-reported salary of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers (ACS Salary Data)
$36K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)
$36K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Employers and salary
A look at employers and corresponding salaries
The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, and following we show the salary distributions for these workers based on those employer types. For some careers, the salaries can be vastly different between private, government, and self-employment. As with our salary overview, we view the both the BLS economists' salary profiles and the household-reported salaries from ACS to get a thorough understanding of where cement masons and concrete finishers work and for what salary. We have the great faith in the accuracy of economist-vetted BLS data; however, the BLS restrictions on which employers are surveyed skews the data a bit (read more in the sources), and the ACS responses provide different and useful categorizations of employers and salaries.
Employers of Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers (ACS)
Private for-profit (85.7%)
Private not-for-profit (1.3%)
Local government (0.9%)
State government (0.3%)
Federal government (0.1%)
Self-employed incorporated (3.8%)
Self-employed not incorporated (7.7%)
Working without pay (0.1%)
Distribution: Salaries of cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers by type of employer (ACS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses. These salaries were reported for the larger career group of cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers, which combines the 2 specialties for this career.
$36K$36K$42K$30K$43K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000$120,000Self-employed not incorporatedSelf-employed incorporatedLocal governmentPrivate for-profitAll
Distribution: Salaries of cement masons and concrete finishers by type of employer (BLS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS. Remember that the BLS salaries are for the specialty cement masons and concrete finishers, and may differ signficantly from the ACS salary estimates which combine several career specialties.
$43K$53K$54K$43K$49K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000Federal governmentState governmentLocal governmentPrivateAll
Age and career advancement
Salary growth for cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers

Is this a job that rewards experience, or is this job most likely a part of a career ladder? This first chart suggests how much this job rewards experience with increased salaries.

Now let's dive a little deeper. Take a minute a look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working at each age change. Does this seem to be a job for the young or the old, or could it be a career offering steady salary growth for many years?

We only provide this data when there are enough consistent ACS survey responses to allow a reasonable margin of error, so for some careers you will see gaps in our reporting of salary by age.

$26K$31K$38K$36K$38K$41K$35K$42K$33K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KSalary distribution20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
02K4K6K8KNumber employed20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Gender and Equity
Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers and gender

With 1% women, this occupation has a lower percentage of women than 97% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce
1%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Gender of Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers
Men (99%)
Women (1%)
Distribution: Salaries by gender

We only have enough data to accuarately show the salary distribution for men. This chart shows you the salary range for most workers by gender.

$36K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KMen

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Race/Origin
Race and origin of cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers

The representation of minority and foreign-born workers is quite different between careers, and the relative pay of those workers also varies significantly between careers. There is a smaller percentage of minority cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers than for 71% of other careers. Although this career does not include a large percentage of minorities, it does hire more foreign-born people that most other careers.

Race/origin of cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers
White (74% )
Other (12% )
Black (9% )
Multiracial (3% )
Hispanic (2% )
American Indian (1% )
Asian (0% )
Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce
15%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Context: Representation of foreign-born workers
36%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: Salaries for cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

$32K$32K$35K$37K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KBlackOtherHispanicWhite
Distribution: Salaries for cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers by nativity
$32K$37K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KAll foreign-bornAll native citizens

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Part-time/Full-time
Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers and Part-time/Full-time employment

We've found that somes jobs hava a huge number of part-time workers, and that typically most who are working part-time are doing so because they cannot find full-time work or the job they have cannot provide full-time hours. With 11% part-time workers, this occupation has a higher percentage of part-time workers than 48% of careers.

Context: Part-time workers in the workforce
11%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Why workers are part-time
Full-Time is less than 35 hours a week
Retired/Social Security limit on earnings
Could not find full-time work
Seasonal work
Slack work/business conditions
School/training
Health/medical limitations
Child care problems
Other family/personal obligations
Other reasons
Distribution: Salaries by part-time/full-time status

The salary distributions for full-time and part-time cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers is shown following.

$19K$36K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KPart-time workersFull-time workers
Pathways to this career
Education requirements and salary
Education attained by cement masons and concrete finishers

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), cement masons and concrete finishers typically hold no formal educational credential.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers as reported in responses to the American Community Survey. Following, we investigate whether education level influences salary for cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers.

Education attained by cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers
None
High School
Some College
Associate's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Deg/Doct
Doctorate
Details: Education and training recommended for cement masons and concrete finishers

A high school diploma or equivalent is typically required for most masons.

Many technical schools offer programs in masonry. These programs operate both independently and in conjunction with apprenticeship training. Some people take courses before being hired, and some take them later as part of on-the-job training.

Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers? Below we see the distribution of cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers salaries based on the education attained. These comparisons are based on all survey responses by those who identified themselves as cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers, and are not intended as a statistical analysis of salary differences that would correct for non-educational factors that could contribute to high or low earnings.

$31K$37K$39K$39K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KNone (36%)High School (44%)Some College (15%)Bachelor's Degree (3%)
Certificate/Associate's degree pathways
Switching Careers
Most common new jobs
The most common next careers for cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers

What jobs will most cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list?

Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workersConstruction laborersBrickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasonsFirst-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workersCarpentersConstruction managersConstruction workersManagers (specialized areas)Hand laborers and freight, stock, and material movers
Lateral career moves
Lateral job transitions for cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies all 6 jobs which were held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers as well as 1% of respondents after working as cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Full prior and next career listings
Prior and next careers for cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view
Prior jobs
Next jobs
Read about cement masons and concrete finishers
Responsibilities and activities
Responsibilities and activities

Masons typically do the following:

  • Read blueprints or drawings to calculate materials needed
  • Lay out patterns, forms, or foundations according to plans
  • Break or cut materials to required size
  • Mix mortar or grout and spread it onto a slab or foundation
  • Clean excess mortar with trowels and other hand tools
  • Construct corners with a corner pole or by building a corner pyramid
  • Align structures vertically and horizontally, using levels and plumbs
  • Clean and polish surfaces with hand or power tools
  • Fill expansion joints with the appropriate caulking materials

Masonry materials are some of the most common and durable materials used in construction. Brick, block, and stone structures can last for hundreds of years. Concrete—a mixture of cement, sand, gravel, and water—is the foundation for everything from decorative patios and floors to huge dams or miles of roadways.

The following are examples of types of masons:

Brickmasons and blockmasons—often called bricklayers—build and repair walls, floors, partitions, fireplaces, chimneys, and other structures with brick, terra cotta, precast masonry panels, concrete block, and other masonry materials. Pointing, cleaning, and caulking workers are brickmasons who repair brickwork, particularly on older structures from which mortar has come loose. Refractory masons are brickmasons who specialize in installing firebrick, gunite, castables, and refractory tile in high-temperature boilers, furnaces, cupolas, ladles, and soaking pits in industrial establishments.

Cement masons and concrete finishers place and finish concrete. They may color concrete surfaces, expose aggregate (small stones) in walls and sidewalks, or make concrete beams, columns, and panels. Throughout the process of pouring, leveling, and finishing concrete, cement masons monitor how the wind, heat, or cold affects the curing of the concrete. They use their knowledge of the characteristics of concrete to determine what is happening to it and take measures to prevent defects. Some small jobs, such as constructing sidewalks, may require the use of a supportive wire mesh called lath. On larger jobs, such as constructing building foundations, reinforcing iron and rebar workers install the reinforcing mesh.

Stonemasons build stone walls, as well as set stone exteriors and floors. They work with two types of stone: natural-cut stone, such as marble, granite, and limestone; and artificial stone, made from concrete, marble chips, or other masonry materials. Using a special hammer or a diamond-blade saw, workers cut stone to make various shapes and sizes. Some stonemasons specialize in setting marble, which is similar to setting large pieces of stone.

Terrazzo workers and finishers, also known as terrazzo masons, create decorative walkways, floors, patios, and panels. Much of the preliminary work of pouring, leveling, and finishing concrete for terrazzo is similar to that of cement masons. Epoxy terrazzo requires less base preparation and is significantly thinner when completed. Terrazzo workers create decorative finishes by blending fine marble chips into the epoxy, resin, or cement, which is often colored. Once the terrazzo is thoroughly set, workers correct any depressions or imperfections with a grinder to create a smooth, uniform finish. Terrazzo workers also install decorative toppings or polishing compounds to new or existing concrete.

Personality and skills
Personality and skills

Can you see yourself in the ranks of cement masons and concrete finishers? Here are the skills and traits that could lead to success.

Color vision
Terrazzo workers need to be able to distinguish between small variations in color when setting terrazzo patterns in order to produce the best looking finish.
Dexterity
Masons repeatedly handle bricks, stones, and other materials and must place bricks and materials with precision.
Hand–eye coordination
Masons apply smooth, even layers of mortar; set bricks; and remove any excess before the mortar hardens.
Physical stamina
Brickmasons must keep a steady pace while setting bricks. Although no individual brick is extremely heavy, the constant lifting can be tiring.
Physical strength
Workers should be strong enough to lift more than 50 pounds. They carry heavy tools, equipment, and other materials, such as bags of mortar and grout.
Unafraid of heights
Masons often work on scaffolding, so they should be comfortable working at heights.
Trends in employment
Salary trends
Distribution and trends: Salaries for cement masons and concrete finishers
Choose actual dollars or inflation-adjusted dollars to view
Adjusted for inflation
Historic dollars

In 2018, the median (middle) for 58% of all other jobs were higher than the median (middle) salary for cement masons and concrete finishers. This graphic shows how the salary distribution (adjusted for inflation) has changed for this job over recent years. The gray line, as a comparison, shows the median salary of all US workers.

This job's median $43KAll jobs' median $39K$41K$38K200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018$0$20K$40K$60K$80K
Projected versus actual employment
Exploring actual employment trends versus projected trends

Currently, jobs for cement masons and concrete finishers are anticipated to grow by 11% over the next decade; only 12% of jobs are predicted to grow more.

The projected employment for cement masons and concrete finishers is the best guess created by talented economists and statisticians at the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). However, as you look through several careers you'll notice that the projections are heavily influenced by past performance and may miss current trends. No one can tell the future, and as new information and better techniques are developed, actual counts and future projections may change. Here's a glimpse at the actual counts versus the projections over time.

2000201020202030050,000100,000150,000200,000250,000
Employment counts
Actual measured employment
BLS 10-year predictions
Variation by state
Employment
State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most cement masons and concrete finishers? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as cement masons and concrete finishers. You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

One important factor in the differences between ACS and BLS data is that the ACS numbers are for all cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers, comprised of all specialities listed in the menu bar, and you can choose to view the BLS at the specialty or full career level.

Choose the metric to review
Jobs per 1000 working
Number of jobs
Use this data source
BLS for this specialty
Number of Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers per 1,000 workers (BLS)
Select a state to see local area details
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0.01.02.03.04.05.0
Salary
Salaries by state
Let's get a feel for where cement masons and concrete finishers earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...
Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

  • In-state comparisons: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or
  • Median salary: the unaltered median salaries for cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information. The ACS salaries are for all cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers, which combines the specialities from which you can choose at the top of the page.

Choose the metric to review
Location-adjusted median salary
Median salary
Use this data source
BLS for this specialty
Location-adjusted median salary for Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers (BLS for this specialty)
The darkest shading corresponds to states in which cement masons and concrete finishers earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.
Select a state to see local area details
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$0$20K$40K$60K$80K
Compare to similar jobs

If this job interests you, then use the dots below to find other jobs you might like. The dots closer to the top represent jobs that are like Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers (shown with a blue star). Look for the dots to the right to find the best salaries! (We pulled salary data from BLS, and they give a top salary value of just over $200K to protect privacy, so our graph would go much higher if the salaries were not top coded.)

How should the career similarity be computed

There are a number of ways to measure the similarity of jobs, here are a few we provide:

  • Interests: Also known as a Holland Code - Are you a thinker? A helper? What fits your personality?
  • Environment: Are there hazards? Will you be comfortable? Will it be stressful?
  • Knowledge: What do you need to know the most about?
  • Physical Abilities: Do you need to especially strong or coordinated?
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