Construction workers
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Construction and Related Workers (Specialized Areas)
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Overview
All construction and related workers not listed separately.
Workforce size
Construction and related workers (specialized areas), with 42,700 workers, are near the middle of all careers in the number employed.
Predicted employment growth
Over the next decade, jobs for construction and related workers (specialized areas) are expected to grow by 10%, and should have about 5,300 job openings a year.
Education
Only 6% of construction workers have a bachelor's degree or higher.
Education attained by construction workers
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Context: workers with bachelor's degrees
Fewer construction workers have bachelor's degrees than 79% of other careeers.
Salaries
The median (middle) salary for 67% of all other jobs is higher than the middle salary for construction and related workers (specialized areas). The graph shows inflation-adjusted salaries for most construction and related workers (specialized areas).
This job's median $39KAll jobs' median $39K$38K$38K20142015201620172018$0$20K$40K$60K$80K
Context: Median Salary
Gender
Women account for 3% of construction workers -- that's a smaller percentage than 90% of other jobs.
Gender of construction workers
Men
Women
Context: Salary inequity
For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. For construction workers, the median men's salary was 21% more the median woman's salary.
Race/Origin
About 16% of construction workers are minority, and 21% are foreign-born.
Race/origin of construction workers
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Other
Context: Foreign-born workers (21%)
Where are the most jobs?
We ranked the number of jobs in Construction and Related Workers (Specialized Areas) per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. The darker the blue, the higher the job density.
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
Job benefits
Employer or union-sponsored pension plans are offered to 18% of construction workers, and 26% have company-sponsored health insurance (18% have dependents enrolled in their employer's health plan).
Employer-provided health coverage for construction workers
100% premiums covered
Partial premiums covered
Plan with no cost sharing
No health insurance
The downside
Some jobs are more stressful than others, and some are just plain dangerous. The following list gives the percentages of construction and related workers (specialized areas) who report hazardous or difficult situations typically occurring at least once a week.
  • Time Pressure (80%)
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety (77%)
  • Exposed to High Places (66%)
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment (62%)
  • Exposed to Contaminants (49%)
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions (39%)
  • Consequence of Error (38%)
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings (33%)
SOURCES:24.0 O*NET
Salary and diversity
Salary overview
What do construction workers earn?

In this section, we want to give you a clear idea of what you can expect to earn in this career. We use two sources of data here: the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which asks employers to classify their workforce and to report salaries using the SOC-specialty level of reporting, and the American Community Survey (ACS), which asks people to classify their jobs using the broad classifications that ididio uses for career profiles, and to self-report their salaries. For some jobs, the differences in survey approaches between BLS and ACS can paint a very different end-picture. In particular, the ACS data is reported for the larger career group construction workers, which combines the data for 4 careers, including construction and related workers (specialized areas). Whenever possible, we provide data from both sources.

The BLS-compiled salary data is reported by companies for their employees. This data is classified by SOC specialty, and excludes self-employed workers. We first show the distribution of salaries for construction and related workers (specialized areas), and then we show how the middle (median) salary for construction and related workers (specialized areas) compares to the BLS-computed median salaries of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for construction and related workers (specialized areas) (BLS Salary Data)
$39K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)
$39K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
We compiled household data from the ACS to determine the salaries that people working at least 35 hours a week report themselves to earn. Unlike the BLS estimates, this data includes self-employed wages. Additionally, we only have ACS survey data for the larger career category and not for the specialty level. We first show the full salary distribution for all construction workers, and then we show how the median (middle) salary for construction workers compares to the median ACS-reported salary of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for construction workers (ACS Salary Data)
$36K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)
$36K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Employers and salary
A look at employers and corresponding salaries
The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, and following we show the salary distributions for these workers based on those employer types. For some careers, the salaries can be vastly different between private, government, and self-employment. As with our salary overview, we view the both the BLS economists' salary profiles and the household-reported salaries from ACS to get a thorough understanding of where construction and related workers (specialized areas) work and for what salary. We have the great faith in the accuracy of economist-vetted BLS data; however, the BLS restrictions on which employers are surveyed skews the data a bit (read more in the sources), and the ACS responses provide different and useful categorizations of employers and salaries.
Employers of Construction workers (ACS)
Private for-profit (70.2%)
Private not-for-profit (1.5%)
Local government (7.5%)
State government (1.5%)
Federal government (6.9%)
Self-employed incorporated (3.6%)
Self-employed not incorporated (8.8%)
Working without pay (0.0%)
Distribution: Salaries of construction workers by type of employer (ACS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses. These salaries were reported for the larger career group of construction workers, which combines the 4 specialties for this career.
$36K$44K$35K$40K$42K$33K$42K$25K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000Self-employed not incorporatedSelf-employed incorporatedFederal governmentState governmentLocal governmentPrivate not-for-profitPrivate for-profitAll
Distribution: Salaries of construction and related workers (specialized areas) by type of employer (BLS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS. Remember that the BLS salaries are for the specialty construction and related workers (specialized areas), and may differ signficantly from the ACS salary estimates which combine several career specialties.
$39K$39K$39K$52K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000State governmentLocal governmentPrivateAll
Age and career advancement
Salary growth for construction workers

The biggest take-away from the following two charts is the relationship between salary and experience that we can infer from age. Does this job seem to attract especially younger or older workers? Does it reward experience?

Take a minute a look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working in this career changes. We only provide this data when there are enough consistent ACS survey responses to allow a reasonable margin of error, so for some careers you will see gaps in our reporting of salary by age.

$25K$40K$45K$34K$42K$48K$41K$42K$32K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100KSalary distribution20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
02K4K6K8K10KNumber employed20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Gender and Equity
Construction workers and gender

With 3% women, this occupation has a lower percentage of women than 90% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce
3%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Gender of Construction workers
Men (97%)
Women (3%)
Distribution: Salaries by gender

As we'll illustrate at the bottom of this section, the median (middle) salary for all full-time male workers in the US exceeds the full-time median salary for women by 20%, and the difference for construction workers tops that, with the median salary for men 21% higher than the median salary for women. This chart shows you the salary range for most workers by gender.

$30K$36K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KWomenMen
Context: Salary Inequity

Nationwide there are twenty careers for which men do not have a higher median (middle) salary than women. The chart below shows the salary inequity, the percentage by which the median men's salary is higher than the median women's salary, for most jobs. Construction workers have one of the higher percentage increases for men's salary, with the increase for the men's median salary over the women's median salary in this job even higher than that for 63% of other jobs.

21%0%20%40%60%80%100%

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Race/Origin
Race and origin of construction workers

The representation of minority and foreign-born workers is quite different between careers, and the relative pay of those workers also varies significantly between careers. There is a smaller percentage of minority construction workers than for 65% of other careers. Although this career does not include a large percentage of minorities, it does hire more foreign-born people that most other careers.

Race/origin of construction workers
White (76% )
Black (9% )
Other (8% )
Multiracial (3% )
Asian (2% )
Pacific Islander (1% )
American Indian (1% )
Hispanic (1% )
Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce
16%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Context: Representation of foreign-born workers
21%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: Salaries for construction workers by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

$30K$31K$34K$37K$42K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KMultiracialBlackOtherWhiteAsian
Distribution: Salaries for construction workers by nativity
$35K$36K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KAll foreign-bornAll native citizens

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Pathways to this career
Education requirements and salary
Education attained by construction and related workers (specialized areas)

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), construction and related workers (specialized areas) typically hold a high school diploma or equivalent.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as construction workers as reported in responses to the American Community Survey. Following, we investigate whether education level influences salary for construction workers.

Education attained by construction workers
None
High School
Some College
Associate's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Deg/Doct
Doctorate
Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for construction workers? Below we see the distribution of construction workers salaries based on the education attained. These comparisons are based on all survey responses by those who identified themselves as construction workers, and are not intended as a statistical analysis of salary differences that would correct for non-educational factors that could contribute to high or low earnings.

$31K$33K$37K$40K$48K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100KNone (18%)High School (44%)Some College (26%)Associate's Degree (6%)Bachelor's Degree (6%)
Switching Careers
Most common new jobs
The most common next careers for construction workers

What jobs will most construction workers hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of construction workers reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list?

Construction workersConstruction laborersCarpentersElectriciansDesignersJanitors and building cleanersFirst-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workersPainters and paperhangersDriver/sales workers and truck driversBrickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasonsManagers (specialized areas)Waiters and waitressesFirst-line supervisors of retail sales workersConstruction managersFirst-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workersMining machine operatorsAccountants and auditorsEngineers (specialized areas)Customer service representativesInstallation, maintenance, and repair workersHand laborers and freight, stock, and material moversFirst-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers
Lateral career moves
Lateral job transitions for construction workers

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies all 8 jobs which were held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as construction workers as well as 1% of respondents after working as construction workers. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Lateral-move careers for construction workers
Annual openings
How many openings are expected each year?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Men
Women
Janitors and building cleaners
350,300
$0$200K$27K
First-line supervisors of retail sales workers
171,800
$0$200K$39K
Construction laborers
153,300
$0$200K$30K
Carpenters
113,800
$0$200K$34K
Managers (specialized areas)
84,000
$0$200K$72K
First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers
39,600
$0$200K$59K
Construction managers
34,800
$0$200K$66K
First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers
32,300
$0$200K$36K
Full prior and next career listings
Prior and next careers for construction workers: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as construction workers? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of construction workers surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view
Prior jobs
Next jobs
Prior careers for construction workers
Annual openings
How many openings are expected each year?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Men
Women
Percentage Transitioning
What percentage worked in this job the previous year?
Retail salespersons
676,200
$0$200K$31K
6.0%
Janitors and building cleaners
350,300
$0$200K$27K
1.9%
Wholesale and manufacturing sales representatives
197,500
$0$200K$61K
2.8%
Grounds maintenance workers
191,100
$0$200K$23K
1.6%
First-line supervisors of retail sales workers
171,800
$0$200K$39K
1.4%
Security Guards and Gaming Surveillance Officers
159,200
$0$200K$29K
3.8%
Construction laborers
153,300
$0$200K$30K
6.4%
Carpenters
113,800
$0$200K$34K
6.2%
Managers (specialized areas)
84,000
$0$200K$72K
5.6%
First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers
39,600
$0$200K$59K
1.2%
Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers
39,100
$0$200K$43K
1.4%
Food service managers
37,100
$0$200K$37K
1.6%
Medical and health services managers
36,700
$0$200K$69K
1.2%
Construction managers
34,800
$0$200K$66K
1.9%
Computer and information systems managers
32,500
$0$200K$99K
1.4%
First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers
32,300
$0$200K$36K
1.6%
Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists
28,500
$0$200K$43K
1.5%
Chief executives and legislators
24,000
$0$200K$96K
1.1%
Artists and related workers
23,300
$0$200K$42K
2.5%
Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers
23,200
$0$200K$35K
1.6%
Trends in employment
Salary trends
Distribution and trends: Salaries for construction and related workers (specialized areas)
Choose actual dollars or inflation-adjusted dollars to view
Adjusted for inflation
Historic dollars

In 2018, the median (middle) for 67% of all other jobs were higher than the median (middle) salary for construction and related workers (specialized areas). This graphic shows how the salary distribution (adjusted for inflation) has changed for this job over recent years. The gray line, as a comparison, shows the median salary of all US workers.

This job's median $39KAll jobs' median $39K$38K$38K2006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018$0$20K$40K$60K$80K
Projected versus actual employment
Exploring actual employment trends versus projected trends

Currently, jobs for construction and related workers (specialized areas) are anticipated to grow by 10% over the next decade, which is faster growth than is predicted for 63% of other jobs.

The projected employment for construction and related workers (specialized areas) is the best guess created by talented economists and statisticians at the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). However, as you look through several careers you'll notice that the projections are heavily influenced by past performance and may miss current trends. No one can tell the future, and as new information and better techniques are developed, actual counts and future projections may change. Here's a glimpse at the actual counts versus the projections over time.

2000201020202030020,00040,00060,00080,000100,000120,000
Employment counts
Actual measured employment
BLS 10-year predictions
Variation by state
Employment
State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most construction and related workers (specialized areas)? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as construction and related workers (specialized areas). You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

One important factor in the differences between ACS and BLS data is that the ACS numbers are for all construction workers, comprised of all specialities listed in the menu bar, and you can choose to view the BLS at the specialty or full career level.

Choose the metric to review
Jobs per 1000 working
Number of jobs
Use this data source
BLS for this specialty
Number of Construction and Related Workers (Specialized Areas) per 1,000 workers (BLS)
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
0.00.51.01.5
Salary
Salaries by state
Let's get a feel for where construction and related workers (specialized areas) earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...
Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

  • In-state comparisons: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for construction workers compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or
  • Median salary: the unaltered median salaries for construction workers.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information. The ACS salaries are for all construction workers, which combines the specialities from which you can choose at the top of the page.

Choose the metric to review
In-state comparisions
Median salary
Use this data source
BLS for this specialty
Median salary ratio: Construction and Related Workers (Specialized Areas) to all workers (BLS for this specialty)
The darkest shading corresponds to states in which construction and related workers (specialized areas) earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
0.00.51.01.52.02.5
Compare to similar jobs

If this job interests you, then use the dots below to find other jobs you might like. The dots closer to the top represent jobs that are like Construction workers (shown with a blue star). Look for the dots to the right to find the best salaries! (We pulled salary data from BLS, and they give a top salary value of just over $200K to protect privacy, so our graph would go much higher if the salaries were not top coded.)

How should the career similarity be computed

There are a number of ways to measure the similarity of jobs, here are a few we provide:

  • Interests: Also known as a Holland Code - Are you a thinker? A helper? What fits your personality?
  • Environment: Are there hazards? Will you be comfortable? Will it be stressful?
  • Knowledge: What do you need to know the most about?
  • Physical Abilities: Do you need to especially strong or coordinated?
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