Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Helpers
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Overview
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Help installation, maintenance, and repair workers in maintenance, parts replacement, and repair of vehicles, industrial machinery, and electrical and electronic equipment. Perform duties such as furnishing tools, materials, and supplies to other workers; cleaning work area, machines, and tools; and holding materials or tools for other workers.
Titles for this career often contain these words
HelperMechanicRepairerMaintenanceTechnicianInstallerGasServicerAssistantAirServiceElectricalEquipmentInstrumentConditionerRepairCarSystemFacilitiesIndustrialInstallationWasherSignalWindowUnitPowerPlantArmatureWinderAutomobileBlacksmithBuildingOperatorSanderElevatorInspectorFurnaceFitterMeterWorkerOilProtectiveStreetLightBEOCableDieselTechMillFireMainHotLastGunEnd
Education
Only 4% of installation, maintenance, and repair helpers have a bachelor's degree or higher.
Education attained by installation, maintenance, and repair helpers
None
High School
Some College
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Degree
Doctorate
Context: workers with bachelor's degrees
Fewer installation, maintenance, and repair helpers have bachelor's degrees than 90% of other careeers.
Employment
Workforce size
Installation, maintenance, and repair helpers, with 107,200 workers, form a larger workforce than 64% of careers.
Predicted employment growth
Over the next decade, jobs for installation, maintenance, and repair helpers are expected to grow by 8%, and should have about 15,100 job openings a year.
Safety from automation
Installation, maintenance, and repair helpers are more likely to be automated than 59% of other careers.
Salaries
Context: Median Salary
How do salaries for installation, maintenance, and repair helpers compare to other jobs' salaries?
Distribution: What salary can you expect?
See what most installation, maintenance, and repair helpers earn.
$31K$0$10K$20K$30K$40K$50K
Gender
Women account for 5% of installation, maintenance, and repair helpers -- that's a smaller percentage than 86% of other jobs.
Gender of installation, maintenance, and repair helpers
Men
Women
Context: Salary inequity
For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. Women installation, maintenance, and repair helpers actually earned more than men -- a very rare occurance among careers!
Race/Origin
About 19% of installation, maintenance, and repair helpers are minority, and 33% are foreign-born.
Race/origin of installation, maintenance, and repair helpers
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Other
Context: Foreign-born workers (33%)
Where are the most jobs?
We ranked the number of jobs in Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Helpers per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. Blue indicates low density, with lighter shades moving to yellow indicating higher numbers working in this profession.
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Benefits
How do benefits for this career compare to other jobs?
Context: Employer offers a pension plan
Worker concerns
Some jobs are more stressful than others, and some are just plain dangerous. The following list gives the percentages of installation, maintenance, and repair helpers who report hazardous or difficult situations typically occurring at least once a week.
  • Time Pressure (61%)
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings (47%)
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety (45%)
  • Exposed to High Places (32%)
  • Exposed to Contaminants (32%)
SOURCES:
Salary and diversity
What do installation, maintenance, and repair helpers earn?
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) provides company-reported job titles and corresonding salaries. This data excludes self-employed workers.
Distribution: Salaries for installation, maintenance, and repair helpers (BLS Salary Data)
$31K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)
$31K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
The American Community Survey (ACS) asks individuals to report their occupation and salary, and as such includes self-employed workers.
Distribution: Salaries for installation, maintenance, and repair helpers (ACS Salary Data)
$25K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)
$25K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Helpers: Inflation-adjusted salary trend
This job's median $26KAll jobs' median $45K$27K$44K070809101112131415161718$0$20K$40K$60K$80K
A look at employers and corresponding salaries
The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, giving us a picture of what employers most typically hire installation, maintenance, and repair helpers.
Employers of Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Helpers (ACS)
Private for-profit (88.9%)
Private not-for-profit (0.9%)
Local government (2.4%)
State government (0.9%)
Federal government (1.2%)
Self-employed incorporated (1.0%)
Self-employed not incorporated (4.2%)
Working without pay (0.6%)
Distribution: Salaries of installation, maintenance, and repair helpers by type of employer (ACS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses.
$25K$25K$25K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000Private not-for-profitPrivate for-profitAll
Distribution: Salaries of installation, maintenance, and repair helpers by type of employer (BLS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS.
$31K$0$10,000$20,000$30,000$40,000$50,000All

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Salary growth for installation, maintenance, and repair helpers

Is this a job that rewards experience, or is this job most likely a part of a career ladder? The higher a job's experience quotient, the more experience is rewarded with pay increases. Jobs in the green range have the best rewards with experience.

Take a minute to look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working at each age change. Does this seem to be a job for the young or the old, or could it be a career offering steady salary growth for many years?

Salary distribution
$23K$24K$30K$28K$25K$37K$21K$31K$32K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
Number employed
01K2K3K20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Installation, maintenance, and repair helpers and gender

With 5% women, this occupation has a lower percentage of women than 86% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce
5%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Gender of Installation, maintenance, and repair helpers
Men (95%)
Women (5%)
Distribution: Salaries by gender

Although nationally the median (middle) salary for all full-time male workers in the US exceeds the full-time median salary for women by 19%, in installation, maintenance, and repair helpers, the median salary for women is 8% higher than the median salary for men.

$27K$25K$0$20K$40K$60KWomenMen

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Race and origin of installation, maintenance, and repair helpers

Here we check out the diversity of origin in this career. The percentage of minority installation, maintenance, and repair helpers falls in about the middle of all careers' percentages. This career hires a larger percentage of foreign-born workers than most other careers.

Race/origin of installation, maintenance, and repair helpers
White (69% )
Other (11% )
Black (10% )
Asian (4% )
Multiracial (2% )
Hispanic (2% )
American Indian (0% )
Pacific Islander (0% )
Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce
19%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Context: Representation of foreign-born workers
33%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: Salaries for installation, maintenance, and repair helpers by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

$25K$27K$33K$0$20K$40K$60KWhiteOtherBlack
Distribution: Salaries for installation, maintenance, and repair helpers by nativity
$25K$26K$0$20K$40K$60KAll native citizensAll foreign-born

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Installation, maintenance, and repair helpers and Part-time/Full-time employment

We've found that somes jobs hava a huge number of part-time workers, and that typically most who are working part-time are doing so because they cannot find full-time work or the job they have cannot provide full-time hours. With 24% part-time workers, this occupation has a higher percentage of part-time workers than 76% of careers.

Context: Part-time workers in the workforce
24%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Why workers are part-time
Full-Time is less than 35 hours a week
Retired/Social Security limit on earnings
Could not find full-time work
Seasonal work
Slack work/business conditions
School/training
Health/medical limitations
Child care problems
Other family/personal obligations
Other reasons
Distribution: Salaries by part-time/full-time status

The salary distributions for full-time and part-time installation, maintenance, and repair helpers is shown following.

$6K$25K$0$20K$40K$60KPart-time workersFull-time workers
Pathways to this career
Education attained by installation, maintenance, and repair helpers

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), installation, maintenance, and repair helpers typically hold a high school diploma or equivalent.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as installation, maintenance, and repair helpers as reported in responses to the American Community Survey.

Education attained by installation, maintenance, and repair helpers
None
High School
Some College
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Degree
Doctorate
Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for installation, maintenance, and repair helpers? Below we see the distribution of installation, maintenance, and repair helpers salaries based on the education attained.

$25K$26K$24K$0$20K$40K$60KNone (27%)High School (46%)Some College (18%)

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Switching Careers
The most common next careers for installation, maintenance, and repair helpers

What jobs will most installation, maintenance, and repair helpers hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of installation, maintenance, and repair helpers reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list?

Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine SpecialistsAutomotive Body and Related RepairersPainting workersConstruction LaborersCashiersAutomotive Service Technicians and MechanicsInstallation, Maintenance, and Repair HelpersPostal Service Mail CarriersLaborers and Freight, Stock, and By-Hand Material MoversBuilding CleanersSchool bus monitors and protective service workersComputer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine RepairersCleaners of Vehicles and EquipmentSmall engine mechanicsCooksHome Appliance RepairersDriver/sales workers and truck driversSpecialized production workers, including computer-controlled tooloperatorsIndustrial and refractory machinery mechanics
Lateral job transitions for installation, maintenance, and repair helpers

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies all 8 jobs which were held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as installation, maintenance, and repair helpers as well as 1% of respondents after working as installation, maintenance, and repair helpers. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Employed
How many people have this job?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
No degree
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate/Professional
Gender
Men
Women
Prior and next careers for installation, maintenance, and repair helpers: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as installation, maintenance, and repair helpers? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of installation, maintenance, and repair helpers surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view
Prior jobs
Next jobs
Variation by state
State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most installation, maintenance, and repair helpers? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as installation, maintenance, and repair helpers. You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

Choose the metric to review
Jobs per 1000 working
Number of jobs
Use this data source
BLS
Number of Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Helpers per 1,000 workers (BLS)
Select a state to see local area details
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0.00.51.01.52.0
Salaries by state
Let's get a feel for where installation, maintenance, and repair helpers earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...
Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

  • In-state comparisons: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for installation, maintenance, and repair helpers compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or
  • Median salary: the unaltered median salaries for installation, maintenance, and repair helpers.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information.

Choose the metric to review
Location-adjusted median salary
Median salary
Use this data source
BLS
Location-adjusted median salary for Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Helpers (BLS)
The darkest shading corresponds to states in which installation, maintenance, and repair helpers earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.
Select a state to see local area details
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$0$10K$20K$30K$40K$50K
Compare to similar jobs

If this job interests you, then use the tabs and education selector to find other careers that might be a good fit for you.

How should the career similarity be computed?

There are a number of ways to measure the similarity of jobs, here are a few we provide:

  • Interests: Also known as a Holland Code - Are you a thinker? A helper? What fits your personality?
  • Environment: Are there hazards? Will you be comfortable? Will it be stressful?
  • Knowledge: What do you need to know the most about?
  • Physical Abilities: Do you need to especially strong or coordinated?