Laborers and Freight, Stock, and By-Hand Material Movers
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Overview
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Manually move freight, stock, luggage, or other materials, or perform other general labor. Includes all manual laborers not elsewhere classified.
Titles for this career often contain these words
WorkerHandlerLaborerLoaderCarrierHelperCarAttendantCleanerHandMoverStockCoalMaterialLumberWarehouseCollectorPilerDriverSandStackerSelectorOperatorUnloaderShovelerFreightSorterSetTruckGangBoxPullerCargoTrimmerClerkDockUpTrackFillerAshBaggerBracerDumperPackerPusherCutterGrainGroceryTenderIronLineAssociateYardReceivingMetalPackageStudioScrapStreetWaterBaleBananaIcerHouseCircusFillingFlaskRollerLifterSackSteelTieVanPitBagBilletBoomCartPlantKilnGlassOilLogAirMaintenanceCanOpenerBarrowBasinBeefBellowsBlenderBoltBullCableHopPreOutCreamPierDresserDryEggFilmFlyOffHoldPondLotOddJobOrePigSaltPosterIceTarTentTinVat
Education
Only 5% of laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers have a bachelor's degree or higher.
Education attained by laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers
None
High School
Some College
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Degree
Doctorate
Context: workers with bachelor's degrees
Fewer laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers have bachelor's degrees than 85% of other careeers.
Employment
Workforce size
Laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers, with 2,953,800 workers, form a larger workforce than 99% of careers.
Predicted employment growth
Over the next decade, jobs for laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers are expected to grow by 5%, and should have about 434,700 job openings a year.
Safety from automation
Laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers are more likely to be automated than 68% of other careers.
Salaries
Context: Median Salary
How do salaries for laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers compare to other jobs' salaries?
Distribution: What salary can you expect?
See what most laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers earn.
$30K$0$10K$20K$30K$40K$50K
Gender
Women account for 17% of laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers -- that's a smaller percentage than 70% of other jobs.
Gender of laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers
Men
Women
Context: Salary inequity
For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. For laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers, the median men's salary was 20% more the median woman's salary.
Race/Origin
About 25% of laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers are minority, and 18% are foreign-born.
Race/origin of laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Other
Context: Foreign-born workers (18%)
Where are the most jobs?
We ranked the number of jobs in Laborers and Freight, Stock, and By-Hand Material Movers per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. Blue indicates low density, with lighter shades moving to yellow indicating higher numbers working in this profession.
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Benefits
How do benefits for this career compare to other jobs?
Context: Employer offers health insurance
Context: Employer offers a pension plan
Context: workers are union members
Worker concerns
Some jobs are more stressful than others, and some are just plain dangerous. The following list gives the percentages of laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers who report hazardous or difficult situations typically occurring at least once a week.
  • Time Pressure (87%)
  • Exposed to Contaminants (53%)
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety (46%)
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings (45%)
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment (44%)
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions (35%)
SOURCES:
Salary and diversity
What do laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers earn?
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) provides company-reported job titles and corresonding salaries. This data excludes self-employed workers.
Distribution: Salaries for laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers (BLS Salary Data)
$30K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)
$30K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
The American Community Survey (ACS) asks individuals to report their occupation and salary, and as such includes self-employed workers.
Distribution: Salaries for laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers (ACS Salary Data)
$29K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)
$29K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Laborers and Freight, Stock, and By-Hand Material Movers: Inflation-adjusted salary trend
This job's median $31KAll jobs' median $45K$31K$44K070809101112131415161718$0$20K$40K$60K$80K
A look at employers and corresponding salaries
The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, giving us a picture of what employers most typically hire laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers.
Employers of Laborers and Freight, Stock, and By-Hand Material Movers (ACS)
Private for-profit (92.0%)
Private not-for-profit (2.2%)
Local government (2.1%)
State government (0.6%)
Federal government (1.2%)
Self-employed incorporated (0.5%)
Self-employed not incorporated (1.2%)
Working without pay (0.1%)
Distribution: Salaries of laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers by type of employer (ACS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses.
$29K$29K$29K$36K$35K$25K$32K$40K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000Self-employed not incorporatedSelf-employed incorporatedFederal governmentState governmentLocal governmentPrivate not-for-profitPrivate for-profitAll
Distribution: Salaries of laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers by type of employer (BLS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS.
$30K$0$10,000$20,000$30,000$40,000$50,000All

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Salary growth for laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers

Is this a job that rewards experience, or is this job most likely a part of a career ladder? The higher a job's experience quotient, the more experience is rewarded with pay increases. Jobs in the green range have the best rewards with experience.

Take a minute to look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working at each age change. Does this seem to be a job for the young or the old, or could it be a career offering steady salary growth for many years?

Salary distribution
$29K$32K$33K$26K$21K$35K$36K$31K$36K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
Number employed
050K100K150K200K250K20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers and gender

With 17% women, this occupation has a lower percentage of women than 70% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce
17%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Gender of Laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers
Men (83%)
Women (17%)
Distribution: Salaries by gender

The median (middle) salary for all full-time male workers in the US exceeds the full-time median salary for women by 19%, and the difference for laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers tops that, with the median salary for men 20% higher than the median salary for women.

$25K$30K$0$20K$40K$60KWomenMen
Context: Salary Inequity

The chart below shows the salary inequity, the percentage by which the median men's salary is higher than the median women's salary for all but about 20 jobs in which women typically earn more than men. Laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers have one of the more significant inequity issues, with the increase in men's median salary over women's median salary even higher than that for 60% of other jobs.

20%0%20%40%60%80%100%

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Race and origin of laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers

Here we check out the diversity of origin in this career. There is a higher percentage of minority laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers than for 69% of other careers. This career hires a larger percentage of foreign-born workers than most other careers.

Race/origin of laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers
White (67% )
Black (17% )
Other (8% )
Asian (3% )
Multiracial (2% )
Hispanic (1% )
American Indian (1% )
Pacific Islander (0% )
Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce
25%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Context: Representation of foreign-born workers
18%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: Salaries for laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

$26K$26K$26K$26K$27K$27K$28K$31K$0$20K$40K$60KOtherAmerican IndianHispanicBlackMultiracialPacific IslanderAsianWhite
Distribution: Salaries for laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers by nativity
$26K$30K$0$20K$40K$60KAll foreign-bornAll native citizens

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers and Part-time/Full-time employment

We've found that somes jobs hava a huge number of part-time workers, and that typically most who are working part-time are doing so because they cannot find full-time work or the job they have cannot provide full-time hours. With 28% part-time workers, this occupation has a higher percentage of part-time workers than 81% of careers.

Context: Part-time workers in the workforce
28%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Why workers are part-time
Full-Time is less than 35 hours a week
Retired/Social Security limit on earnings
Could not find full-time work
Seasonal work
Slack work/business conditions
School/training
Health/medical limitations
Child care problems
Other family/personal obligations
Other reasons
Distribution: Salaries by part-time/full-time status

The salary distributions for full-time and part-time laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers is shown following.

$9K$29K$0$20K$40K$60KPart-time workersFull-time workers
Pathways to this career
Education attained by laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers typically hold no formal educational credential.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers as reported in responses to the American Community Survey.

Details: Education and training recommended for laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers

There are no formal educational requirements for anyone to become a hand laborer or material mover.

Details: Licensing and certification recommended for laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers

Refuse and recyclable material collectors who drive trucks that exceed a certain capacity—such as vehicles with the combined weight of the vehicle, passengers, and cargo exceeding 26,000 pounds—must have a commercial driver’s license (CDL). Obtaining a CDL requires passing written, skill, and vision tests.

Education attained by laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers
None
High School
Some College
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Degree
Doctorate
Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers? Below we see the distribution of laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers salaries based on the education attained.

$26K$30K$30K$33K$32K$32K$25K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KNone (17%)High School (49%)Some College (23%)Associate's/Cert. (5%)Bachelor's Degree (5%)Master's Degree (1%)Professional Degree (0%)

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Switching Careers
The most common next careers for laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers

What jobs will most laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list?

Laborers and Freight, Stock, and By-Hand Material MoversStockers and Order FillersDriver/sales workers and truck driversIndustrial Truck and Tractor OperatorsShipping, Receiving, and Inventory ClerksSpecialized production workers, including computer-controlled tooloperatorsBy-Hand Packers and PackagersRetail SalespersonsSpecialized Assemblers and FabricatorsConstruction LaborersBuilding CleanersCashiersFirst-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers
Lateral job transitions for laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies all 13 jobs which were held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers as well as 1% of respondents after working as laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Prior and next careers for laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view
Prior jobs
Next jobs
Variation by state
State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers. You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

Choose the metric to review
Jobs per 1000 working
Number of jobs
Use this data source
BLS
Number of Laborers and Freight, Stock, and By-Hand Material Movers per 1,000 workers (BLS)
Select a state to see local area details
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0.010.020.030.040.0
Salaries by state
Let's get a feel for where laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...
Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

  • In-state comparisons: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or
  • Median salary: the unaltered median salaries for laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information.

Choose the metric to review
Location-adjusted median salary
Median salary
Use this data source
BLS
Location-adjusted median salary for Laborers and Freight, Stock, and By-Hand Material Movers (BLS)
The darkest shading corresponds to states in which laborers and freight, stock, and by-hand material movers earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.
Select a state to see local area details
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$0$10K$20K$30K$40K
Compare to similar jobs

If this job interests you, then use the tabs and education selector to find other careers that might be a good fit for you.

How should the career similarity be computed?

There are a number of ways to measure the similarity of jobs, here are a few we provide:

  • Interests: Also known as a Holland Code - Are you a thinker? A helper? What fits your personality?
  • Environment: Are there hazards? Will you be comfortable? Will it be stressful?
  • Knowledge: What do you need to know the most about?
  • Physical Abilities: Do you need to especially strong or coordinated?