Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologists and Technicians
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Overview
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Apply electrical and electronic theory and related knowledge, usually under the direction of engineering staff, to design, build, repair, adjust, and modify electrical components, circuitry, controls, and machinery for subsequent evaluation and use by engineering staff in making engineering design decisions.
Titles for this career often contain these words
TechnicianElectricalInstrumentEngineeringSpecialistInstrumentationRepairerProgrammerElectronicControlsControlSystemsElectronicsCalibrationTechLightingProgrammableLogicControllerPhoneComputerDigitalEquipmentMechanicalAdviserDevelopmentFailureAnalysisMechanicLaserPLCResearchTestAssociateAutomationLaboratoryCellularCellCertifiedCNCNumericalDevelopmentalAssemblerDraftingDesignFabricationPowerStationElectrificationDevicesTestingESTEngineerAssistantFAGenerationApprenticeICEElectroOpticsLEOTLightLowVoltageRefurbishRefurbRelayTesterElectricianResultsSemiconductorSeniorSolarLabTubeRebuilderWeaponsSystem
Education
Only 19% of electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians have a bachelor's degree or higher.
Education attained by electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians
None
High School
Some College
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Degree
Doctorate
Context: workers with bachelor's degrees
This is near the middle of all careeers' percentages of bachelor's holders.
Employment
Workforce size
Electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians, with 130,500 workers, form a larger workforce than 69% of careers.
Predicted employment growth
Over the next decade, jobs for electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians are expected to grow by 0%, and should have about 12,700 job openings a year.
Safety from automation
Electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians are more likely to be automated than 66% of other careers.
Salaries
Context: Median Salary
How do salaries for electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians compare to other jobs' salaries?
Distribution: What salary can you expect?
See what most electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians earn.
$65K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K
Gender
Women account for 10% of electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians -- that's a smaller percentage than 80% of other jobs.
Gender of electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians
Men
Women
Context: Salary inequity
For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. For electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians, the median men's salary was 22% more the median woman's salary.
Race/Origin
About 20% of electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians are minority, and 14% are foreign-born.
Race/origin of electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Other
Context: Foreign-born workers (14%)
Where are the most jobs?
We ranked the number of jobs in Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologists and Technicians per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. Blue indicates low density, with lighter shades moving to yellow indicating higher numbers working in this profession.
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Benefits
How do benefits for this career compare to other jobs?
Context: Employer offers health insurance
Context: Employer offers a pension plan
Context: workers are union members
Worker concerns
Some jobs are more stressful than others, and some are just plain dangerous. The following list gives the percentages of electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians who report hazardous or difficult situations typically occurring at least once a week.
  • Time Pressure (58%)
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety (54%)
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions (43%)
  • Consequence of Error (39%)
  • Exposed to Contaminants (38%)
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment (33%)
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings (31%)
SOURCES:
Salary and diversity
What do electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians earn?
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) provides company-reported job titles and corresonding salaries. This data excludes self-employed workers.
Distribution: Salaries for electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians (BLS Salary Data)
$65K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)
$65K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
The American Community Survey (ACS) asks individuals to report their occupation and salary, and as such includes self-employed workers.
Distribution: Salaries for electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians (ACS Salary Data)
$57K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)
$57K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Engineering Technologists and Technicians: Inflation-adjusted salary trend
This job's median $48KAll jobs' median $45K$50K$44K070809101112131415161718$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K
A look at employers and corresponding salaries
The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, giving us a picture of what employers most typically hire electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians.
Employers of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologists and Technicians (ACS)
Private for-profit (80.9%)
Private not-for-profit (2.4%)
Local government (3.3%)
State government (2.7%)
Federal government (9.3%)
Self-employed incorporated (0.6%)
Self-employed not incorporated (0.8%)
Working without pay (0.0%)
Distribution: Salaries of electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians by type of employer (ACS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses.
$57K$56K$60K$70K$52K$53K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000$120,000Federal governmentState governmentLocal governmentPrivate not-for-profitPrivate for-profitAll
Distribution: Salaries of electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians by type of employer (BLS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS.
$65K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000All

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Salary growth for electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians

Is this a job that rewards experience, or is this job most likely a part of a career ladder? The higher a job's experience quotient, the more experience is rewarded with pay increases. Jobs in the green range have the best rewards with experience.

Take a minute to look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working at each age change. Does this seem to be a job for the young or the old, or could it be a career offering steady salary growth for many years?

Salary distribution
$43K$65K$62K$60K$34K$53K$55K$68K$64K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
Number employed
05K10K15K20K20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians and gender

With 10% women, this occupation has a lower percentage of women than 80% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce
10%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Gender of Electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians
Men (90%)
Women (10%)
Distribution: Salaries by gender

The median (middle) salary for all full-time male workers in the US exceeds the full-time median salary for women by 19%, and the difference for electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians tops that, with the median salary for men 22% higher than the median salary for women.

$48K$58K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KWomenMen
Context: Salary Inequity

The chart below shows the salary inequity, the percentage by which the median men's salary is higher than the median women's salary for all but about 20 jobs in which women typically earn more than men. Electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians have one of the more significant inequity issues, with the increase in men's median salary over women's median salary even higher than that for 65% of other jobs.

22%0%20%40%60%80%100%

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Race and origin of electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians

Here we check out the diversity of origin in this career. The percentage of minority electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians falls in about the middle of all careers' percentages. The percentage of foreign-born workers in this career is near the middle of all careers.

Race/origin of electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians
White (76% )
Black (10% )
Asian (7% )
Other (3% )
Multiracial (2% )
Hispanic (1% )
American Indian (1% )
Pacific Islander (0% )
Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce
20%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Context: Representation of foreign-born workers
14%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: Salaries for electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

$48K$50K$53K$58K$58K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KMultiracialOtherBlackAsianWhite
Distribution: Salaries for electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians by nativity
$54K$58K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KAll foreign-bornAll native citizens

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians and Part-time/Full-time employment

We've found that somes jobs hava a huge number of part-time workers, and that typically most who are working part-time are doing so because they cannot find full-time work or the job they have cannot provide full-time hours. With 7% part-time workers, this occupation has a lower percentage of part-time workers than 67% of careers.

Context: Part-time workers in the workforce
7%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Why workers are part-time
Full-Time is less than 35 hours a week
Retired/Social Security limit on earnings
Could not find full-time work
Seasonal work
Slack work/business conditions
School/training
Health/medical limitations
Child care problems
Other family/personal obligations
Other reasons
Distribution: Salaries by part-time/full-time status

The salary distributions for full-time and part-time electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians is shown following.

$10K$57K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100KPart-time workersFull-time workers
Pathways to this career
Education attained by electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians typically hold a associate's degree.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians as reported in responses to the American Community Survey.

Details: Education and training recommended for electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians

Programs for electrical and electronics engineering technicians usually lead to an associate’s degree in electrical or electronics engineering technology. Vocational–technical schools include postsecondary institutions that serve local students and emphasize training needed by local employers.

Community colleges offer programs similar to those in technical institutes but include more theory-based and liberal arts coursework. Some of these colleges allow students to concentrate in computer electronics, industrial electronics, or communications electronics.

Prospective electrical and electronics engineering technicians usually take courses in programming languages, chemistry, physics, logical processors, and circuitry. Coursework in test equipment is also helpful. The Technology Accreditation Commission of ABET accredits programs that include at least college algebra, trigonometry, and basic science courses.

Details: Licensing and certification recommended for electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians

Technicians may choose to earn certification to show an advanced level of knowledge. Several organizations offer certification.

The National Institute for Certification in Engineering Technologies (NICET) offers certification in electrical power testing. This certification would benefit those technicians working in the electric power generation, transmission, and distribution industry.

ETA International also offers certifications in several fields, including basic electronics, biomedical electronics, and renewable energy.

The International Society of Automation offers certification as a Control Systems Technician. To gain such certification, technicians must demonstrate skills in pneumatic, mechanical, and electronic instrumentation. In addition, they must demonstrate an understanding of process control loops and process control systems.

Education attained by electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians
None
High School
Some College
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Degree
Doctorate
Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians? Below we see the distribution of electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians salaries based on the education attained.

$47K$52K$57K$63K$58K$69K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KNone (3%)High School (20%)Some College (34%)Associate's/Cert. (25%)Bachelor's Degree (16%)Master's Degree (2%)

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

The Department of Education recommends the following college degree programs as preparation for this career. You can click a program row to learn more about the program and explore a list of schools that offer the program.

Number of degrees awarded in 2017
Education
Education level of awarded degrees
Associate's degree or certificate
Bachelor's
Graduate
Gender
Gender of graduates
Men
Women
Race/Origin
Race/origin of graduates
White
Minority
International
Switching Careers
The most common next careers for electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians

What jobs will most electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list?

Engineering Technologists and TechniciansInspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and WeighersSpecialized Assemblers and FabricatorsRadio, Cellular, and Tower Equipment Installers and RepairersTelecommunications Line Installers and RepairersIndustrial and refractory machinery mechanicsSpecialized EngineersCivil EngineersSpecialized production workers, including computer-controlled tooloperatorsIndustrial and Health/Safety EngineersSpecialized Life, Physical, and Social Science TechniciansElectrical and electronics engineers
Lateral job transitions for electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies all 6 jobs which were held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians as well as 1% of respondents after working as electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Employed
How many people have this job?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
No degree
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate/Professional
Gender
Men
Women
Prior and next careers for electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view
Prior jobs
Next jobs
Employed
How many people have this job?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
No degree
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate/Professional
Gender
Men
Women
Percentage Transitioning
What percentage worked in this job the previous year?
Variation by state
State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians. You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

Choose the metric to review
Jobs per 1000 working
Number of jobs
Use this data source
BLS
Number of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologists and Technicians per 1,000 workers (BLS)
Select a state to see local area details
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0.00.51.01.52.0
Salaries by state
Let's get a feel for where electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...
Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

  • In-state comparisons: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or
  • Median salary: the unaltered median salaries for electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information.

Choose the metric to review
Location-adjusted median salary
Median salary
Use this data source
BLS
Location-adjusted median salary for Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologists and Technicians (BLS)
The darkest shading corresponds to states in which electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.
Select a state to see local area details
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$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K
Compare to similar jobs

If this job interests you, then use the tabs and education selector to find other careers that might be a good fit for you.

How should the career similarity be computed?

There are a number of ways to measure the similarity of jobs, here are a few we provide:

  • Interests: Also known as a Holland Code - Are you a thinker? A helper? What fits your personality?
  • Environment: Are there hazards? Will you be comfortable? Will it be stressful?
  • Knowledge: What do you need to know the most about?
  • Physical Abilities: Do you need to especially strong or coordinated?