Conservation scientists and foresters
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Overview
Conservation scientists and foresters manage the overall land quality of forests, parks, rangelands, and other natural resources.
Predicted employment growth
Over the next decade, jobs for conservation scientists are expected to grow by 6%, and should have about 2,100 job openings a year.
Safety from automation
Conservation scientists are less likely to be automated than 87% of other careers.
Workforce size
Conservation scientists, with 22,300 workers, form a smaller workforce than 69% of careers.
Education
About 96% of conservation scientists and foresters have at least a bachelor's degree.
Education attained by conservation scientists and foresters
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Context: workers with bachelor's degrees
More conservation scientists and foresters have bachelor's degrees than 95% of other careeers.
Salaries
The median (middle) salary for conservation scientists is higher than 69% of all other jobs' middle salaries. The graph shows inflation-adjusted salaries for most conservation scientists.
This job's median $61KAll jobs' median $39K$66K$38K20142015201620172018$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K
Context: Median Salary
Gender
Women account for 23% of conservation scientists and foresters -- that's a smaller percentage than 61% of other jobs.
Gender of conservation scientists and foresters
Men
Women
Context: Salary inequity
For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. For conservation scientists and foresters, the median men's salary was 4% more the median woman's salary.
Race/Origin
About 4% of conservation scientists and foresters are minority, and 2% are foreign-born.
Race/origin of conservation scientists and foresters
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Other
Context: Foreign-born workers (2%)
Where are the most jobs?
We ranked the number of jobs in Conservation Scientists per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. The darker the blue, the higher the job density.
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
Job benefits
Employer or union-sponsored pension plans are offered to 72% of conservation scientists and foresters, and 73% have company-sponsored health insurance (7% have dependents enrolled in their employer's health plan).
Employer-provided health coverage for conservation scientists and foresters
100% premiums covered
Partial premiums covered
Plan with no cost sharing
No health insurance
Top college degrees
Here are the top college degrees held by the 100% of people in this job who have at least a bachelor's degree. Some of degrees may link to multiple programs due to the way Census classifies college majors. Click on a program to learn more about career opportunities for people who major in that field.
The downside
Some jobs are more stressful than others, and some are just plain dangerous. The following list gives the percentages of conservation scientists who report hazardous or difficult situations typically occurring at least once a week.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations (48%)
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety (46%)
  • Time Pressure (45%)
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People (36%)
SOURCES:24.0 O*NET
Salary and diversity
Salary overview
What do conservation scientists and foresters earn?

In this section, we want to give you a clear idea of what you can expect to earn in this career. We use two sources of data here: the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which asks employers to classify their workforce and to report salaries using the SOC-specialty level of reporting, and the American Community Survey (ACS), which asks people to classify their jobs using the broad classifications that ididio uses for career profiles, and to self-report their salaries. For some jobs, the differences in survey approaches between BLS and ACS can paint a very different end-picture. In particular, the ACS data is reported for the larger career group conservation scientists and foresters, which combines the data for 2 careers, including conservation scientists. Whenever possible, we provide data from both sources.

The BLS-compiled salary data is reported by companies for their employees. This data is classified by SOC specialty, and excludes self-employed workers. We first show the distribution of salaries for conservation scientists, and then we show how the middle (median) salary for conservation scientists compares to the BLS-computed median salaries of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for conservation scientists (BLS Salary Data)
$61K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)
$61K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
We compiled household data from the ACS to determine the salaries that people working at least 35 hours a week report themselves to earn. Unlike the BLS estimates, this data includes self-employed wages. Additionally, we only have ACS survey data for the larger career category and not for the specialty level. We first show the full salary distribution for all conservation scientists and foresters, and then we show how the median (middle) salary for conservation scientists and foresters compares to the median ACS-reported salary of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for conservation scientists and foresters (ACS Salary Data)
$56K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)
$56K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Employers and salary
A look at employers and corresponding salaries
The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, and following we show the salary distributions for these workers based on those employer types. For some careers, the salaries can be vastly different between private, government, and self-employment. As with our salary overview, we view the both the BLS economists' salary profiles and the household-reported salaries from ACS to get a thorough understanding of where conservation scientists work and for what salary. We have the great faith in the accuracy of economist-vetted BLS data; however, the BLS restrictions on which employers are surveyed skews the data a bit (read more in the sources), and the ACS responses provide different and useful categorizations of employers and salaries.
Employers of Conservation scientists and foresters (ACS)
Private for-profit (19.8%)
Private not-for-profit (7.4%)
Local government (10.6%)
State government (22.7%)
Federal government (33.7%)
Self-employed incorporated (3.7%)
Self-employed not incorporated (2.1%)
Working without pay (0.0%)
Distribution: Salaries of conservation scientists and foresters by type of employer (ACS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses. These salaries were reported for the larger career group of conservation scientists and foresters, which combines the 2 specialties for this career.
$56K$53K$68K$54K$48K$55K$40K$53K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000$120,000Self-employed not incorporatedSelf-employed incorporatedFederal governmentState governmentLocal governmentPrivate not-for-profitPrivate for-profitAll
Distribution: Salaries of conservation scientists by type of employer (BLS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS. Remember that the BLS salaries are for the specialty conservation scientists, and may differ signficantly from the ACS salary estimates which combine several career specialties.
$61K$76K$53K$62K$54K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000$120,000Federal governmentState governmentLocal governmentPrivateAll
Age and career advancement
Salary growth for conservation scientists and foresters

The biggest take-away from the following two charts is the relationship between salary and experience that we can infer from age. Does this job seem to attract especially younger or older workers? Does it reward experience?

Take a minute a look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working in this career changes. We only provide this data when there are enough consistent ACS survey responses to allow a reasonable margin of error, so for some careers you will see gaps in our reporting of salary by age.

$70K$50K$69K$65K$69K$66K$43K$59K$0$50K$100K$150KSalary distribution20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
01K2K3K4KNumber employed20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Gender and Equity
Conservation scientists and foresters and gender

With 23% women, this occupation has a lower percentage of women than 61% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce
23%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Gender of Conservation scientists and foresters
Men (77%)
Women (23%)
Distribution: Salaries by gender

As we'll illustrate at the bottom of this section, the median salary for all full-time male workers in the US exceeds the full-time median salary for women by 20%. The situation is better for conservation scientists and foresters, with the median salary for men only 3.8% higher than the median salary for women. This chart shows you the salary range for most workers by gender.

$55K$57K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100KWomenMen
Context: Salary Inequity

Nationwide there are twenty careers for which men do not have a higher median (middle) salary than women. The chart below shows the salary inequity, the percentage by which the median men's salary is higher than the median women's salary, for most jobs. Conservation scientists and foresters have one of the smaller percentage increases for men's salary, with the increase the men's median salary over the women's median salary in this job lower than that for 87% of other jobs.

4%0%20%40%60%80%100%

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Race/Origin
Race and origin of conservation scientists and foresters

The representation of minority and foreign-born workers is quite different between careers, and the relative pay of those workers also varies significantly between careers. There is a smaller percentage of minority conservation scientists and foresters than for 100% of other careers. As with minority workers, there is also a smaller percentage of foreign-born workers in this career than in most other careers.

Race/origin of conservation scientists and foresters
White (95% )
Multiracial (1% )
American Indian (1% )
Black (1% )
Other (1% )
Hispanic (0% )
Pacific Islander (0% )
Asian (0% )
Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce
4%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Context: Representation of foreign-born workers
2%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: Salaries for conservation scientists and foresters by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

$56K$57K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100KPacific IslanderWhite
Distribution: Salaries for conservation scientists and foresters by nativity
$57K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100KAll native citizens

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Pathways to this career
Education requirements and salary
Education attained by conservation scientists

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), conservation scientists typically hold a bachelor's degree.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as conservation scientists and foresters as reported in responses to the American Community Survey. Following, we investigate whether education level influences salary for conservation scientists and foresters.

Education attained by conservation scientists and foresters
None
High School
Some College
Associate's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Deg/Doct
Doctorate
Details: Education and training recommended for conservation scientists

Conservation scientists and foresters typically need a bachelor’s degree in forestry or a related field, such as agricultural science, rangeland management, or environmental science.

Bachelor’s degree programs are designed to prepare conservation scientists and foresters for their career or a graduate degree. Alongside practical skills, theory and education are important parts of these programs.

Bachelor’s and advanced degree programs in forestry and related fields typically include courses in ecology, biology, and forest resource measurement. Scientists and foresters also typically have a background in Geographic Information System (GIS) technology, remote sensing, and other forms of computer modeling.

In 2017, more than 50 bachelor’s and master’s degree programs in forestry, urban forestry, and natural resources and ecosystem management were accredited by the Society of American Foresters.

Details: Licensing and certification recommended for conservation scientists

Several states have some type of credentialing process for foresters. In some of these states, foresters must be licensed; check with your state for more information. Conservation workers do not need a license.

Although certification is not required, conservation scientists and foresters may choose to earn it because it shows a high level of professional competency.

The Society of American Foresters (SAF) offers certification to foresters. Candidates must have at least a bachelor’s degree from an SAF-accredited program or from a forestry program that is substantially equivalent. Candidates also must have qualifying professional experience and pass an exam.

The Society for Range Management offers professional certification in rangeland management or as a range management consultant. To be certified, candidates must hold a bachelor’s degree in range management or a related field, have 5 years of full-time related work experience, and pass an exam.

Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for conservation scientists and foresters? Below we see the distribution of conservation scientists and foresters salaries based on the education attained. These comparisons are based on all survey responses by those who identified themselves as conservation scientists and foresters, and are not intended as a statistical analysis of salary differences that would correct for non-educational factors that could contribute to high or low earnings.

$54K$56K$58K$78K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KAssociate's Degree (2%)Bachelor's Degree (74%)Master's Degree (18%)Doctorate (3%)
Bachelor's degree pathways
College majors held by conservation scientists and foresters

This table shows the college majors held by people working as conservation scientists and foresters. Select any degree to see detailed information. We are able to connect careers to degrees using the American Community Survey (ACS), and their degrees are defined a little differently from our programs, which are based on standard CIP classifications. Therefore, selecting some degrees will lead to a selection of CIP-level programs from which to choose.

If you see "**" before the name of a degree/program, that means this field is one that the Department of Education believes is preparatory for this career. However, you can see from this list that those recommendations are far from your only path to this job!

Degree
Select any title to learn more about that degree
Percentage of Conservation scientists and foresters with this degree
Salary for all majors
Salary distribution (across jobs). Showing 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
Final education level of all people with this major
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Gender of people this bachelor's degree
Men
Women
36.6%
$0$200K$63K
5.4%
$0$200K$63K
5.1%
$0$200K$56K
3.2%
$0$200K$54K
1.6%
$0$200K$52K
1.4%
$0$200K$60K
1.4%
$0$200K$63K
1.0%
$0$200K$61K
1.0%
$0$200K$67K
0.9%
$0$200K$54K
0.6%
$0$200K$56K
The link between degrees and careers
The link between degrees and careers

With the following "sankey" diagram, you can follow the top ten bachelor's degrees held by people working as conservation scientists and foresters, and then, in turn, you can see the 10 occupations that hire the most of each degree's graduates. This visualization links fields of studies and careers, suggesting both similar careers and options for degrees. The full list of bachelor's degrees held by conservation scientists and foresters given in the previous section reminds us that there are many paths to these careers beyond what we can summarize here.

This job
Top 10 majors
Each major's top ten jobs
Conservation scientists and forestersManagers (specialized areas)Postsecondary teachersAgricultural ManagersGrounds maintenance workersChief executives and legislatorsGeneral and operations managersWholesale and manufacturing sales representativesBiological scientistsFirst-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workersElementary and middle school teachersSurveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetristsEnvironmental scientists and geoscientistsFirst-line supervisors of office and administrative support workersFirst-line supervisors of retail sales workersPolice officersAgricultural and food scientistsFirst-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workersAgricultural workers (specialized areas)First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workersPhysicians and surgeonsDentistsRegistered nursesPhysical scientists (specialized areas)Epidemiologists and Medical/Life ScientistsClinical laboratory technologists and techniciansPharmacistsCompliance officersManagement analystsLawyers, judges, and magistratesRetail salespersonsSocial workersProbation officers and correctional treatment specialistsSecurity Guards and Gaming Surveillance OfficersBailiffs, correctional officers, and jailersDetectives and criminal investigatorsFirst-Line Supervisors of Police and DetectivesSecondary school teachersEducation administratorsAccountants and auditorsMedical and health services managersArchitectsForestryNatural ResourcesManagementPlant Science andAgronomyBiologyEnvironmental ScienceGeneral AgricultureCriminal Justice and FireProtectionEcologyMultidisciplinary or GeneralScienceSoil ScienceAll other degrees
Switching Careers
Most common new jobs
The most common next careers for conservation scientists and foresters

What jobs will most conservation scientists and foresters hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of conservation scientists and foresters reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list?

Conservation scientists and forestersForest and conservation workersManagers (specialized areas)Agricultural ManagersDriver/sales workers and truck driversPurchasing agentsManagement analystsScience techniciansPolice officersSurveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetristsDesignersCarpentersConstruction managersSpeech-language pathologistsHealthcare practitioners and technical occupations (specialized areas)Engineers (specialized areas)Clerical library assistantsLaw enforcement workersAccountants and auditors
Lateral career moves
Lateral job transitions for conservation scientists and foresters

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies all 5 jobs which were held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as conservation scientists and foresters as well as 1% of respondents after working as conservation scientists and foresters. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Lateral-move careers for conservation scientists and foresters
Annual openings
How many openings are expected each year?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Men
Women
Agricultural Managers
95,600
$0$200K$39K
Management analysts
87,200
$0$200K$76K
Managers (specialized areas)
84,000
$0$200K$72K
Science technicians
24,800
$0$200K$41K
Forest and conservation workers
2,200
$0$200K$32K
Full prior and next career listings
Prior and next careers for conservation scientists and foresters: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as conservation scientists and foresters? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of conservation scientists and foresters surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view
Prior jobs
Next jobs
Prior careers for conservation scientists and foresters
Annual openings
How many openings are expected each year?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Men
Women
Percentage Transitioning
What percentage worked in this job the previous year?
General and operations managers
210,700
$0$200K$67K
2.6%
Grounds maintenance workers
191,100
$0$200K$23K
5.0%
Postsecondary teachers
172,500
$0$200K$62K
1.2%
Business operations specialists
104,900
$0$200K
1.4%
Agricultural Managers
95,600
$0$200K$39K
1.2%
Management analysts
87,200
$0$200K$76K
2.7%
Managers (specialized areas)
84,000
$0$200K$72K
3.5%
Medical and health services managers
36,700
$0$200K$69K
3.6%
Compliance officers
26,000
$0$200K$65K
2.9%
Science technicians
24,800
$0$200K$41K
2.0%
First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers
6,700
$0$200K$40K
3.0%
Logging workers
6,400
$0$200K$31K
3.0%
Urban and regional planners
3,500
$0$200K$69K
2.6%
Conservation scientists and foresters
3,200
$0$200K$56K
56.4%
Forest and conservation workers
2,200
$0$200K$32K
3.1%
No occupation
1.8%
Read about conservation scientists
Responsibilities and activities
Responsibilities and activities

Conservation scientists typically do the following:

  • Oversee forestry and conservation activities to ensure compliance with government regulations and habitat protection
  • Negotiate terms and conditions for forest harvesting and for land-use contracts
  • Establish plans for managing forest lands and resources
  • Monitor forest-cleared lands to ensure that they are suitable for future use
  • Work with private landowners, governments, farmers, and others to improve land for forestry purposes, while at the same time protecting the environment

Foresters typically do the following:

  • Supervise activities of forest and conservation workers and technicians
  • Choose and prepare sites for new trees, using controlled burning, bulldozers, or herbicides to clear land
  • Monitor the regeneration of forests
  • Direct and participate in forest fire suppression
  • Determine ways to remove timber with minimum environmental damage

Conservation scientists manage, improve, and protect the country’s natural resources. They work with private landowners and federal, state, and local governments to find ways to use and improve the land while safeguarding the environment. Conservation scientists advise farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers on how they can improve their land for agricultural purposes and to control erosion.

Foresters have a wide range of duties, and their responsibilities vary with their employer. Some primary duties of foresters are drawing up plans to regenerate forested lands, monitoring the progress of those lands, and supervising tree harvests. Another duty of a forester is devising plans to keep forests free from disease, harmful insects, and damaging wildfires. Many foresters supervise forest and conservation workers and technicians, directing their work and evaluating their progress.

Conservation scientists and foresters evaluate data on forest and soil quality, assessing damage to trees and forest lands caused by fires and logging activities. In addition, they lead activities such as suppressing fires and planting seedlings. Fire suppression activities include measuring how quickly fires will spread and how successfully the planned suppression activities turn out.

Conservation scientists and foresters use their skills to determine a fire’s impact on a region’s environment. Communication with firefighters and other forest workers is an important component of fire suppression and controlled burn activities because the information that conservation scientists and foresters provide can determine how firefighters work.

Conservation scientists and foresters use a number of tools to perform their jobs. They use clinometers to measure the heights of trees, diameter tapes to measure a tree’s circumference, and increment borers and bark gauges to measure the growth of trees so that timber volumes can be computed and growth rates estimated.

In addition, conservation scientists and foresters often use remote sensing (aerial photographs and other imagery taken from airplanes and satellites) and Geographic Information System (GIS) data to map large forest or range areas and to detect widespread trends of forest and land use. They make extensive use of hand-held computers and Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers to study these maps.

The following are examples of types of conservation scientists:

Conservation land managers work for land trusts or other conservation organizations to protect the wildlife habitat, biodiversity, scenic value, and other unique attributes of preserves and conservation lands.

Range managers, also called range conservationists, protect rangelands to maximize their use without damaging the environment. Rangelands contain many natural resources and cover hundreds of millions of acres in the United States, mainly in the western states and Alaska.

Range managers may inventory soils, plants, and animals; develop resource management plans; help to restore degraded ecosystems; or help manage a ranch. They also maintain soil stability and vegetation for uses such as wildlife habitats and outdoor recreation. Like foresters, they work to prevent and reduce wildfires and invasive animal species.

Soil and water conservationists give technical help to people who are concerned with the conservation of soil, water, and related natural resources. For private landowners, they develop programs to make the most productive use of land without damaging it. They also help landowners with issues such as dealing with erosion. They help private landowners and governments by advising on water quality, preserving water supplies, preventing ground-water contamination, and conserving water.

The following are examples of types of foresters:

Procurement foresters buy timber by contacting local forest owners and negotiating a sale. This activity typically involves taking inventory on the type, amount, and location of all standing timber on the property. Procurement foresters then appraise the timber’s worth, negotiate its purchase, and draw up a contract. The forester then subcontracts with loggers or pulpwood cutters to remove the trees and to help lay out roads to get to the timber.

Urban foresters live and work in larger cities and manage urban trees. These workers are concerned with quality-of-life issues, including air quality, shade, and storm water runoff.

Conservation education foresters train teachers and students about issues facing forest lands.

Personality and skills
Personality and skills

Can you see yourself in the ranks of conservation scientists? Here are the skills and traits that could lead to success.

Analytical skills
Conservation scientists and foresters must evaluate the results of a variety of field tests and experiments, all of which require precision and accuracy. They use sophisticated computer modeling to prepare their analyses.
Critical-thinking skills
Conservation scientists and foresters reach conclusions through sound reasoning and judgment. They determine how to improve forest conditions, and they must react appropriately to fires.
Decisionmaking skills
Conservation scientists and foresters must use their expertise and experience to determine whether their findings will have an impact on soil, forest lands, and the spread of fires.
Management skills
Conservation scientists and foresters need to work well with the <a href="/ooh/farming-fishing-and-forestry/forest-and-conservation-workers.htm"><u>forest and conservation workers</u></a> and technicians they supervise, so effective communication is critical.
Physical stamina
Conservation scientists and foresters often walk long distances in steep and wooded areas. They work in all kinds of weather, including extreme heat and cold.
Speaking skills
Conservation scientists and foresters must give clear instructions to <a href="/ooh/farming-fishing-and-forestry/forest-and-conservation-workers.htm"><u>forest and conservation workers</u></a> and technicians, who typically do the labor necessary for proper forest maintenance. They also need to communicate clearly with landowners and, in some cases, the general public.
Trends in employment
Salary trends
Distribution and trends: Salaries for conservation scientists
Choose actual dollars or inflation-adjusted dollars to view
Adjusted for inflation
Historic dollars

In 2018, the median (middle) salary for conservation scientists was higher than 69% of all other jobs' middle salaries. This graphic shows how the salary distribution (adjusted for inflation) has changed for this job over recent years. The gray line, as a comparison, shows the median salary of all US workers.

This job's median $61KAll jobs' median $39K$69K$38K200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Projected versus actual employment
Exploring actual employment trends versus projected trends

Currently, jobs for conservation scientists are anticipated to grow by 6% over the next decade; 57% of jobs are projected to grow more.

The projected employment for conservation scientists is the best guess created by talented economists and statisticians at the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). However, as you look through several careers you'll notice that the projections are heavily influenced by past performance and may miss current trends. No one can tell the future, and as new information and better techniques are developed, actual counts and future projections may change. Here's a glimpse at the actual counts versus the projections over time.

200020102020203005,00010,00015,00020,00025,000
Employment counts
Actual measured employment
BLS 10-year predictions
Variation by state
Employment
State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most conservation scientists? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as conservation scientists. You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

One important factor in the differences between ACS and BLS data is that the ACS numbers are for all conservation scientists and foresters, comprised of all specialities listed in the menu bar, and you can choose to view the BLS at the specialty or full career level.

Choose the metric to review
Jobs per 1000 working
Number of jobs
Use this data source
BLS for this specialty
Number of Conservation Scientists per 1,000 workers (BLS)
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
0.00.51.01.5
Salary
Salaries by state
Let's get a feel for where conservation scientists earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...
Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

  • In-state comparisons: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for conservation scientists and foresters compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or
  • Median salary: the unaltered median salaries for conservation scientists and foresters.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information. The ACS salaries are for all conservation scientists and foresters, which combines the specialities from which you can choose at the top of the page.

Choose the metric to review
In-state comparisions
Median salary
Use this data source
BLS for this specialty
Median salary ratio: Conservation Scientists to all workers (BLS for this specialty)
The darkest shading corresponds to states in which conservation scientists earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
0.01.02.03.04.0
Compare to similar jobs

If this job interests you, then use the dots below to find other jobs you might like. The dots closer to the top represent jobs that are like Conservation scientists and foresters (shown with a blue star). Look for the dots to the right to find the best salaries! (We pulled salary data from BLS, and they give a top salary value of just over $200K to protect privacy, so our graph would go much higher if the salaries were not top coded.)

How should the career similarity be computed

There are a number of ways to measure the similarity of jobs, here are a few we provide:

  • Interests: Also known as a Holland Code - Are you a thinker? A helper? What fits your personality?
  • Environment: Are there hazards? Will you be comfortable? Will it be stressful?
  • Knowledge: What do you need to know the most about?
  • Physical Abilities: Do you need to especially strong or coordinated?
Choose the similarity measure to compare careers
Interests
Environment
Knowledge
Physical Abilities
Jobs that are similar by Interests and Salary (All education levels)
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