Agricultural Managers
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Overview
Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers operate establishments that produce crops, livestock, and dairy products.
Predicted employment growth
Over the next decade, jobs for farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers are expected to shrink by 1%, and should have about 95,600 job openings a year.
Safety from automation
Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers are less likely to be automated than 80% of other careers.
Workforce size
Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers, with 1,028,700 workers, form a larger workforce than 96% of careers.
Education
Only 22% of agricultural managers have a bachelor's degree or higher.
Education attained by agricultural managers
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Context: workers with bachelor's degrees
This is near the middle of all careeers' percentages of bachelor's holders.
Salaries
The median (middle) salary for farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers is higher than 75% of all other jobs' middle salaries. The graph shows inflation-adjusted salaries for most farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers.
This job's median $68KAll jobs' median $39K$73K$38K20142015201620172018$0$50K$100K$150K
Context: Median Salary
Gender
Women account for 12% of agricultural managers -- that's a smaller percentage than 75% of other jobs.
Gender of agricultural managers
Men
Women
Context: Salary inequity
For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. For agricultural managers, the median men's salary was 55% more the median woman's salary.
Race/Origin
About 4% of agricultural managers are minority, and 7% are foreign-born.
Race/origin of agricultural managers
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Other
Context: Foreign-born workers (7%)
Where are the most jobs?
We ranked the number of jobs in Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. The darker the blue, the higher the job density.
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
Job benefits
Employer or union-sponsored pension plans are offered to 12% of agricultural managers, and 20% have company-sponsored health insurance (20% have dependents enrolled in their employer's health plan).
Employer-provided health coverage for agricultural managers
100% premiums covered
Partial premiums covered
Plan with no cost sharing
No health insurance
The downside
Some jobs are more stressful than others, and some are just plain dangerous. The following list gives the percentages of farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers who report hazardous or difficult situations typically occurring at least once a week.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety (83%)
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings (46%)
  • Exposed to Contaminants (45%)
  • Time Pressure (44%)
  • Consequence of Error (38%)
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions (35%)
SOURCES:24.0 O*NET
Salary and diversity
Salary overview
What do agricultural managers earn?

In this section, we want to give you a clear idea of what you can expect to earn in this career. We use two sources of data here: the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which asks employers to classify their workforce and to report salaries using the SOC-specialty level of reporting, and the American Community Survey (ACS), which asks people to classify their jobs using the broad classifications that ididio uses for career profiles, and to self-report their salaries. For some jobs, the differences in survey approaches between BLS and ACS can paint a very different end-picture. Whenever possible, we provide data from both sources.

The BLS-compiled salary data is reported by companies for their employees. This data excludes self-employed workers. We first show the distribution of salaries for farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers, and then we show how the middle (median) salary for farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers compares to the BLS-computed median salaries of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers (BLS Salary Data)
$68K$0$50K$100K$150K
Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)
$68K$0$50K$100K$150K
We compiled household data from the ACS to determine the salaries that people working at least 35 hours a week report themselves to earn. Unlike the BLS estimates, this data includes self-employed wages. We first show the full salary distribution for all agricultural managers, and then we show how the median (middle) salary for agricultural managers compares to the median ACS-reported salary of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for agricultural managers (ACS Salary Data)
$39K$0$50K$100K$150K
Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)
$39K$0$50K$100K$150K
Employers and salary
A look at employers and corresponding salaries
The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, and following we show the salary distributions for these workers based on those employer types. For some careers, the salaries can be vastly different between private, government, and self-employment. As with our salary overview, we view the both the BLS economists' salary profiles and the household-reported salaries from ACS to get a thorough understanding of where farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers work and for what salary. We have the great faith in the accuracy of economist-vetted BLS data; however, the BLS restrictions on which employers are surveyed skews the data a bit (read more in the sources), and the ACS responses provide different and useful categorizations of employers and salaries.
Employers of Agricultural Managers (ACS)
Private for-profit (22.6%)
Private not-for-profit (0.9%)
Local government (0.2%)
State government (0.3%)
Federal government (0.1%)
Self-employed incorporated (19.2%)
Self-employed not incorporated (56.7%)
Working without pay (0.0%)
Distribution: Salaries of agricultural managers by type of employer (ACS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses.
$39K$40K$47K$39K$50K$62K$0$50,000$100,000$150,000Self-employed incorporatedState governmentLocal governmentPrivate not-for-profitPrivate for-profitAll
Distribution: Salaries of farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers by type of employer (BLS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS.
$68K$75K$68K$63K$0$50,000$100,000$150,000State governmentLocal governmentPrivateAll
Age and career advancement
Salary growth for agricultural managers

The biggest take-away from the following two charts is the relationship between salary and experience that we can infer from age. Does this job seem to attract especially younger or older workers? Does it reward experience?

Take a minute a look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working in this career changes. We only provide this data when there are enough consistent ACS survey responses to allow a reasonable margin of error, so for some careers you will see gaps in our reporting of salary by age.

$42K$38K$41K$40K$42K$41K$41K$33K$25K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KSalary distribution20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
020K40K60K80KNumber employed20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Gender and Equity
Agricultural managers and gender

With 12% women, this occupation has a lower percentage of women than 75% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce
12%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Gender of Agricultural managers
Men (88%)
Women (12%)
Distribution: Salaries by gender

As we'll illustrate at the bottom of this section, the median (middle) salary for all full-time male workers in the US exceeds the full-time median salary for women by 20%, and the difference for agricultural managers tops that, with the median salary for men 55% higher than the median salary for women. This chart shows you the salary range for most workers by gender.

$26K$41K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KWomenMen
Context: Salary Inequity

Nationwide there are twenty careers for which men do not have a higher median (middle) salary than women. The chart below shows the salary inequity, the percentage by which the median men's salary is higher than the median women's salary, for most jobs. Agricultural managers have one of the higher percentage increases for men's salary, with the increase for the men's median salary over the women's median salary in this job even higher than that for 98% of other jobs.

55%0%20%40%60%80%100%

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Race/Origin
Race and origin of agricultural managers

The representation of minority and foreign-born workers is quite different between careers, and the relative pay of those workers also varies significantly between careers. There is a smaller percentage of minority agricultural managers than for 100% of other careers. As with minority workers, there is also a smaller percentage of foreign-born workers in this career than in most other careers.

Race/origin of agricultural managers
White (94% )
Other (2% )
Asian (1% )
Multiracial (1% )
Black (1% )
American Indian (0% )
Hispanic (0% )
Pacific Islander (0% )
Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce
4%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Context: Representation of foreign-born workers
7%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: Salaries for agricultural managers by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

$27K$28K$31K$31K$32K$34K$40K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KMultiracialOtherAmerican IndianBlackHispanicAsianWhite
Distribution: Salaries for agricultural managers by nativity
$31K$40K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KAll foreign-bornAll native citizens

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Pathways to this career
Education requirements and salary
Education attained by farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers typically hold a high school diploma or equivalent.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as agricultural managers as reported in responses to the American Community Survey. Following, we investigate whether education level influences salary for agricultural managers.

Education attained by agricultural managers
None
High School
Some College
Associate's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Deg/Doct
Doctorate
Details: Education and training recommended for farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers

Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers usually have at least a high school diploma. As farm and land management has grown more complex and costly, farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers have increasingly needed postsecondary education, such as an associate’s degree or a bachelor’s degree in agriculture or a related field.

All state university systems have at least one land-grant college or university with a school of agriculture. Common programs of study include business (with a concentration in agriculture), plant breeding, farm management, agronomy, dairy science, and agricultural economics.

There are a number of government programs that help new farmers get an education in farming. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has service centers across the country that assist new farmers in accessing programs offered by USDA. These programs include those that provide financial assistance for land and capital, help with finalizing a business plan, and assistance with conservation planning.

Details: Licensing and certification recommended for farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers

To show competency in farm management, agricultural managers may choose to become certified. The American Society of Farm Managers and Rural Appraisers (ASFMRA) offer the Accredited Farm Manager (AFM) credential. The AFM requires 85 hours of coursework in land management and business ethics; a bachelor’s degree; 4 years of experience in farm or ranch management; and passing an exam. A complete list of requirements is available from ASFMRA.

Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for agricultural managers? Below we see the distribution of agricultural managers salaries based on the education attained. These comparisons are based on all survey responses by those who identified themselves as agricultural managers, and are not intended as a statistical analysis of salary differences that would correct for non-educational factors that could contribute to high or low earnings.

$30K$37K$41K$45K$47K$60K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KNone (11%)High School (36%)Associate's Degree (11%)Bachelor's Degree (19%)Master's Degree (2%)Doctorate (0%)
Certificate/degree pathways

The Department of Education recommends the following college degree programs as preparation for this career. You can click a program row to learn more about the program and explore a list of schools that offer the program.

Program
Education
Education level of awarded degrees
Less than bachelor's
bachelor's degree
Higher than bachelor's
Gender
Gender of graduates
Men
Women
Race/Origin
Race/origin of graduates
White
Minority
International
Number of degrees awarded in 2017
Animal Sciences
6,533
Agribusiness Operations
2,587
Applied Horticulture Operations
2,270
Agricultural Business and Management
2,178
Agronomy and Crop Science
1,269
Farm and Ranch Management
807
Horticultural Science
796
Agricultural Production Operations
709
Animal/Livestock Husbandry and Production
700
Plant Sciences
612
Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture
443
Horse Husbandry/Equine Science and Management
374
Viticulture and Enology
346
Dairy Science
258
Crop Production
252
Plant Nursery Operations and Management
230
Range Science and Management
217
Aquaculture
180
Plant Protection and Integrated Pest Management
168
Specialized Agricultural Business and Management
161
Switching Careers
Most common new jobs
The most common next careers for agricultural managers

What jobs will most agricultural managers hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of agricultural managers reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list? For agricultural managers, there isn't a lot of action in this chart! This isn't a career that invites much moving around.

Agricultural ManagersAgricultural workers (specialized areas)
Lateral career moves
Lateral job transitions for agricultural managers

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies the one job which was held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as agricultural managers as well as 1% of respondents after working as agricultural managers. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Lateral-move careers for agricultural managers
Annual openings
How many openings are expected each year?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Men
Women
Agricultural workers (specialized areas)
129,300
$0$200K$21K
Full prior and next career listings
Prior and next careers for agricultural managers: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as agricultural managers? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of agricultural managers surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view
Prior jobs
Next jobs
Prior careers for agricultural managers
Annual openings
How many openings are expected each year?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Men
Women
Percentage Transitioning
What percentage worked in this job the previous year?
Driver/sales workers and truck drivers
376,900
$0$200K$41K
1.2%
Agricultural workers (specialized areas)
129,300
$0$200K$21K
5.6%
Agricultural Managers
95,600
$0$200K$39K
63.1%
Managers (specialized areas)
84,000
$0$200K$72K
1.2%
No occupation
11.4%
Read about farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers
Responsibilities and activities
Responsibilities and activities

Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers typically do the following:

  • Supervise all steps of the crop production and ranging process, including planting, fertilizing, harvesting, and herding
  • Determine how to raise crops or livestock by evaluating factors such as market conditions, disease, soil conditions, and the availability of federal programs
  • Select and purchase supplies, such as seed, fertilizers, and farm machinery
  • Ensure that all farming equipment is properly maintained
  • Adapt their duties to the seasons, weather conditions, or a crop’s growing cycle
  • Maintain farm facilities, such as water pipes, hoses, fences, and animal shelters
  • Serve as the sales agent for livestock, crops, and dairy products
  • Record financial, tax, production, and employee information

Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers monitor the constantly changing prices for their products. They use different strategies to protect themselves from unpredictable changes in the markets. For example, some farmers carefully plan the combination of crops that they grow, so if the price of one crop drops, they will have enough income from another crop to make up for the loss. Farmers and ranchers also track disease and weather conditions closely, because disease and bad weather may have a negative impact on crop yields or animal health. When farmers and ranchers plan ahead, they may be able to store their crops or keep their livestock in order to take advantage of higher prices later in the year.

Most farm output goes to food-processing companies. However, some farmers now choose to sell a portion of their goods directly to consumers through farmer’s markets or use cooperatives to reduce their financial risk and to gain a larger share of the final price of their goods. In community-supported agriculture (CSA), cooperatives sell shares of a harvest to consumers before the planting season in order to ensure a market for the farm’s produce.

Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers also negotiate with banks and other credit lenders to get financing, because they must buy seed, livestock, and equipment before they have products to sell.

Farmers and ranchers own and operate mainly family-owned farms. They also may lease land from a landowner and operate it as a working farm.

The size of the farm or range determines which tasks farmers and ranchers handle. Those who operate small farms or ranges may do all tasks, including harvesting and inspecting the land, growing crops, and raising animals. In addition, they keep records, service machinery, and maintain buildings.

By contrast, farmers and ranchers who operate larger farms generally have employees—including agricultural workers—who help with physical work. Some employees of large farms are in nonfarm occupations, working as truck drivers, sales representatives, bookkeepers, or information technology specialists.

Farmers and ranchers track technological improvements in animal breeding and seeds, choosing new products that might increase output. Many livestock and dairy farmers monitor and attend to the health of their herds, which may include assisting in births.

Agricultural managers take care of the day-to-day operations of one or more farms, ranches, nurseries, timber tracts, greenhouses, and other agricultural establishments for corporations, farmers, and owners who do not live and work on their farm or ranch.

Agricultural managers usually do not participate in production activities themselves. Instead, they hire and supervise farm and livestock workers to do most daily production tasks.

Managers may determine budgets. They may decide how to store, transport, and sell crops. They may also oversee the proper maintenance of equipment and property.

The following are examples of types of farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers:

Crop farmers and managers are responsible for all steps of plant growth, which include planting, fertilizing, watering, and harvesting crops. These farmers can grow grain, fruits, vegetables, and other crops. After a harvest, they make sure that the crops are properly packaged and stored.

Livestock, dairy, and poultry farmers, ranchers, and managers feed and care for animals, such as cows or chickens, in order to harvest meat, milk, or eggs. They keep livestock and poultry in barns, pens, and other farm buildings. These workers may also oversee the breeding of animals in order to maintain the appropriate herd or flock size.

Nursery and greenhouse managers oversee the production of trees, shrubs, flowers, and plants (including turf) used for landscaping. In addition to applying pesticides and fertilizers to help plants grow, they are often responsible for keeping track of inventory and marketing activities.

Aquaculture farmers and managers raise fish and shellfish in ponds, floating net pens, raceways, and recirculating systems. They stock, feed, protect, and maintain aquatic life used for food and recreational fishing.

Personality and skills
Personality and skills

Can you see yourself in the ranks of farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers? Here are the skills and traits that could lead to success.

Analytical skills
Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers must monitor and assess the quality of their land or livestock. These tasks require precision and accuracy.
Critical-thinking skills
Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers make tough decisions through sound reasoning and judgment. They determine how to improve their harvest and livestock, while reacting appropriately to external factors such as unfavorable weather or insect infestations.
Initiative
Many farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers are self-employed and must be motivated in order to maximize crop or livestock production. 
Interpersonal skills
Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers supervise laborers and other workers, so effective communication is critical.
Mechanical skills
Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers operate complex machinery and occasionally perform routine maintenance.
Physical strength
Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers—particularly those who work on small farms—must be able to perform physically strenuous, repetitive tasks, such as lifting heavy objects and bending at the waist.
Trends in employment
Salary trends
Distribution and trends: Salaries for farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers
Choose actual dollars or inflation-adjusted dollars to view
Adjusted for inflation
Historic dollars

In 2018, the median (middle) salary for farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers was higher than 75% of all other jobs' middle salaries. This graphic shows how the salary distribution (adjusted for inflation) has changed for this job over recent years. The gray line, as a comparison, shows the median salary of all US workers.

This job's median $68KAll jobs' median $39K$70K$39K201020112012201320142015201620172018$0$50K$100K$150K
Projected versus actual employment
Exploring actual employment trends versus projected trends

Currently, jobs for farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers are anticipated to shrink by 1%. over the next decade; 80% of jobs are projected to grow more.

The projected employment for farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers is the best guess created by talented economists and statisticians at the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). However, as you look through several careers you'll notice that the projections are heavily influenced by past performance and may miss current trends. No one can tell the future, and as new information and better techniques are developed, actual counts and future projections may change. Here's a glimpse at the actual counts versus the projections over time.

201020152020202520300500,0001,000,0001,500,000
Employment counts
Actual measured employment
BLS 10-year predictions
Variation by state
Employment
State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers. You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

Choose the metric to review
Jobs per 1000 working
Number of jobs
Use this data source
BLS
Number of Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers per 1,000 workers (BLS)
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
0.00.10.20.30.4
Salary
Salaries by state
Let's get a feel for where farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...
Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

  • In-state comparisons: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for agricultural managers compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or
  • Median salary: the unaltered median salaries for agricultural managers.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information.

Choose the metric to review
In-state comparisions
Median salary
Use this data source
BLS
Median salary ratio: Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers to all workers (BLS)
The darkest shading corresponds to states in which farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
0.00.51.01.52.02.5
Compare to similar jobs

If this job interests you, then use the dots below to find other jobs you might like. The dots closer to the top represent jobs that are like Agricultural Managers (shown with a blue star). Look for the dots to the right to find the best salaries! (We pulled salary data from BLS, and they give a top salary value of just over $200K to protect privacy, so our graph would go much higher if the salaries were not top coded.)

How should the career similarity be computed

There are a number of ways to measure the similarity of jobs, here are a few we provide:

  • Interests: Also known as a Holland Code - Are you a thinker? A helper? What fits your personality?
  • Environment: Are there hazards? Will you be comfortable? Will it be stressful?
  • Knowledge: What do you need to know the most about?
  • Physical Abilities: Do you need to especially strong or coordinated?
Choose the similarity measure to compare careers
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