Occupational Therapists
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Overview
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Assess, plan, and organize rehabilitative programs that help build or restore vocational, homemaking, and daily living skills, as well as general independence, to persons with disabilities or developmental delays. Use therapeutic techniques, adapt the individual's environment, teach skills, and modify specific tasks that present barriers to the individual.
Titles for this career often contain these words
TherapistSpecialistMobilityRehabilitationOrientationVisionOccupationalCertifiedTrainerTeacherLowIndustrialStaffTVIVocationalAssistiveTechnologyCOMSEarlyInterventionGlobalIndependentLivingConsultantJobOTInstructorforBlindPediatricRegisteredEngineerSupervisorStudentswithVisualImpairmentsVisuallyImpairedVRT
Education
About 55% of occupational therapists have a graduate-level education, and 92% have at least a bachelor's degree.
Education attained by occupational therapists
None
High School
Some College
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Degree
Doctorate
Context: workers with graduate degrees
More occupational therapists have graduate degrees than 94% of other careeers.
Employment
Workforce size
Occupational therapists, with 133,000 workers, form a larger workforce than 69% of careers.
Predicted employment growth
Over the next decade, jobs for occupational therapists are expected to grow by 18%, and should have about 10,500 job openings a year.
Safety from automation
Occupational therapists are less likely to be automated than 96% of other careers.
Salaries
Context: Median Salary
How do salaries for occupational therapists compare to other jobs' salaries?
Distribution: What salary can you expect?
See what most occupational therapists earn.
$85K$0$50K$100K$150K
Gender
Women account for 86% of occupational therapists -- that's a larger percentage than 95% of other jobs.
Gender of occupational therapists
Men
Women
Context: Salary inequity
For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. For occupational therapists, the median men's salary was 11% more the median woman's salary.
Race/Origin
About 16% of occupational therapists are minority, and 9% are foreign-born.
Race/origin of occupational therapists
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Other
Context: Foreign-born workers (9%)
Where are the most jobs?
We ranked the number of jobs in Occupational Therapists per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. Blue indicates low density, with lighter shades moving to yellow indicating higher numbers working in this profession.
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Benefits
How do benefits for this career compare to other jobs?
Context: Employer offers health insurance
Context: Employer offers a pension plan
Worker concerns
Some jobs are more stressful than others, and some are just plain dangerous. The following list gives the percentages of occupational therapists who report hazardous or difficult situations typically occurring at least once a week.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety (66%)
  • Time Pressure (63%)
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections (62%)
  • Consequence of Error (53%)
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People (37%)
SOURCES:
Salary and diversity
What do occupational therapists earn?
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) provides company-reported job titles and corresonding salaries. This data excludes self-employed workers.
Distribution: Salaries for occupational therapists (BLS Salary Data)
$85K$0$50K$100K$150K
Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)
$85K$0$50K$100K$150K
The American Community Survey (ACS) asks individuals to report their occupation and salary, and as such includes self-employed workers.
Distribution: Salaries for occupational therapists (ACS Salary Data)
$69K$0$50K$100K$150K
Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)
$69K$0$50K$100K$150K
Occupational Therapists: Inflation-adjusted salary trend
This job's median $72KAll jobs' median $45K$69K$44K070809101112131415161718$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
A look at employers and corresponding salaries
The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, giving us a picture of what employers most typically hire occupational therapists.
Employers of Occupational Therapists (ACS)
Private for-profit (54.8%)
Private not-for-profit (23.0%)
Local government (10.9%)
State government (4.8%)
Federal government (1.7%)
Self-employed incorporated (2.0%)
Self-employed not incorporated (2.8%)
Working without pay (0.0%)
Distribution: Salaries of occupational therapists by type of employer (ACS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses.
$69K$70K$70K$63K$69K$63K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000Self-employed not incorporatedState governmentLocal governmentPrivate not-for-profitPrivate for-profitAll
Distribution: Salaries of occupational therapists by type of employer (BLS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS.
$85K$0$50,000$100,000$150,000All

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Salary growth for occupational therapists

Is this a job that rewards experience, or is this job most likely a part of a career ladder? The higher a job's experience quotient, the more experience is rewarded with pay increases. Jobs in the green range have the best rewards with experience.

Take a minute to look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working at each age change. Does this seem to be a job for the young or the old, or could it be a career offering steady salary growth for many years?

Salary distribution
$75K$63K$73K$70K$68K$75K$76K$72K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
Number employed
05K10K15K20K20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Occupational therapists and gender

With 86% women, this occupation has a higher percentage of women than 95% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce
86%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Gender of Occupational therapists
Men (14%)
Women (86%)
Distribution: Salaries by gender

The median salary for all full-time male workers in the US exceeds the full-time median salary for women by 19%. The situation is a little better for occupational therapists, with the median salary for men 11% higher than the median salary for women.

$69K$76K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KWomenMen
Context: Salary Inequity

The chart below shows the salary inequity, the percentage by which the median men's salary is higher than the median women's salary for all but about 20 jobs in which women typically earn more than men. Occupational therapists have one of the smaller inequity calculations, with the increase for men's median salary over women's median salary in this job lower than that for 67% of other jobs.

11%0%20%40%60%80%100%

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Race and origin of occupational therapists

Here we check out the diversity of origin in this career. There is a smaller percentage of minority occupational therapists than for 70% of other careers. As with minority workers, there is also a smaller percentage of foreign-born workers in this career than in most other careers.

Race/origin of occupational therapists
White (83% )
Asian (8% )
Black (6% )
Multiracial (2% )
Other (1% )
Hispanic (0% )
American Indian (0% )
Pacific Islander (0% )
Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce
16%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Context: Representation of foreign-born workers
9%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: Salaries for occupational therapists by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

$68K$69K$70K$71K$72K$78K$82K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KAmerican IndianWhiteOtherBlackMultiracialHispanicAsian
Distribution: Salaries for occupational therapists by nativity
$69K$78K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KAll native citizensAll foreign-born

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Occupational therapists and Part-time/Full-time employment

We've found that somes jobs hava a huge number of part-time workers, and that typically most who are working part-time are doing so because they cannot find full-time work or the job they have cannot provide full-time hours. With 27% part-time workers, this occupation has a higher percentage of part-time workers than 80% of careers.

Context: Part-time workers in the workforce
27%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Why workers are part-time
Full-Time is less than 35 hours a week
Retired/Social Security limit on earnings
Could not find full-time work
Seasonal work
Slack work/business conditions
School/training
Health/medical limitations
Child care problems
Other family/personal obligations
Other reasons
Distribution: Salaries by part-time/full-time status

The salary distributions for full-time and part-time occupational therapists is shown following.

$42K$69K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100KPart-time workersFull-time workers
Pathways to this career
Education attained by occupational therapists

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), occupational therapists typically hold a master's degree.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as occupational therapists as reported in responses to the American Community Survey.

Details: Education and training recommended for occupational therapists

Most occupational therapists enter the occupation with a master’s degree in occupational therapy. In 2017, there were about 200 occupational therapy programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education, part of the American Occupational Therapy Association.

Admission to graduate programs in occupational therapy generally requires a bachelor’s degree and specific coursework, including biology and physiology. Many programs also require applicants to have volunteered or worked in an occupational therapy setting. Candidates should contact the program that they are interested in attending about specific requirements.

Master’s programs usually take 2 to 3 years to complete; doctoral programs take about 3 and a half years. Some schools offer a dual-degree program in which the student earns a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree in 5 years. Part-time programs that offer courses on nights and weekends are also available.

Both master’s and doctoral programs require at least 24 weeks of supervised fieldwork, in which prospective occupational therapists gain clinical work experience. In addition, doctoral programs require a 16-week capstone experience.

Details: Licensing and certification recommended for occupational therapists

All states require occupational therapists to be licensed. Licensing requirements vary by state, but all require candidates to pass the national examination administered by the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT). To sit for the NBCOT exam, candidates must have earned a degree from an accredited educational program and completed all fieldwork requirements.

Therapists must pass the NBCOT exam to use the title “Occupational Therapist, Registered” (OTR). They must also take continuing education classes to maintain certification.

The American Occupational Therapy Association also offers a number of board and specialty certifications for therapists who want to demonstrate their advanced or specialized knowledge in areas of practice, such as pediatrics, mental health, or low vision.

Education attained by occupational therapists
None
High School
Some College
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Degree
Doctorate
Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for occupational therapists? Below we see the distribution of occupational therapists salaries based on the education attained.

$47K$57K$50K$73K$69K$71K$75K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KHigh School (1%)Some College (1%)Associate's/Cert. (6%)Bachelor's Degree (37%)Master's Degree (50%)Professional Degree (4%)Doctorate (2%)

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

College majors held by occupational therapists

This table shows the college majors held by people working as occupational therapists.

If you see "**" before the name of a degree/program, that means this field is one that the Department of Education believes is preparatory for this career. However, you can see from this list that those recommendations are far from your only path to this job!

Percentage of Occupational therapists with this degree
Salary for all majors
Salary distribution (across jobs). Showing 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
Final education level of all people with this major
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate/Professional
Gender
Gender of people this bachelor's degree
Men
Women
The link between degrees and careers

With the following sankey diagram, you can follow the top ten bachelor's degrees held by people working as occupational therapists, and then, in turn, you can see the 10 occupations that hire the most of each degree's graduates. We hope this provides ideas for similar jobs and similar fields of study.

Physical TherapistsOccupational TherapistsSpecialized TherapistsMedical and Health Servic...Physician AssistantsPhysiciansRegistered NursesSpecialized Healthcare Pr...Elementary and Middle Sch...Postsecondary TeachersSpecialized Social Worker...Specialized ManagersEducational, Guidance, an...Specialized PsychologistsLawyers, and judges, magi...Labor Relations Specialis...Education and childcare a...Secretaries and Administr...Customer Service Represen...Secondary School TeachersWholesale and Manufacturi...First-Line Supervisors of...Exercise Trainers and Gro...Coaches and ScoutsDentistsSpecialized Physical Scie...Specialized Life Scientis...Medical and Clinical Labo...PharmacistsNurse Practitioners and N...Nurse AnesthetistsNursing AssistantsLicensed Practical and Li...Accountants and AuditorsPreschool and Kindergarte...Childcare WorkersChief executives and legi...Financial ManagersFirst-Line Supervisors of...Retail SalespersonsTreatment TherapyProfessionsPsychologyGeneral Medical and HealthServicesPhysical Fitness, Parks,Recreation, and LeisureBiologyNursingMultidisciplinary or GeneralScienceFamily and ConsumerSciencesGeneral BusinessBusiness Management andAdministrationAll other degreesThis jobTop 10 majorsEach major's top ten jobs
What college major is your best entry?

About 92% of people working as occupational therapists have at least a bachelor's degree. Each dot represents a college major leading to these jobs, with the dots to the right representing the majors sending the most of their grads into this career. The dots at the top are the majors who earn the most working in this career.

Darker colors have a larger percentage with graduate degreesOverall median salary0.0%5.0%10.0%15.0%20.0%25.0%30.0%35.0%40.0%45.0%50.0%Percentage with this major$50,000$55,000$60,000$65,000$70,000$75,000$80,000$85,000$90,000$95,000$100,000$105,000Median salary with this major
Switching Careers
The most common next careers for occupational therapists

What jobs will most occupational therapists hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of occupational therapists reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list?

Occupational TherapistsTherapists, all otherPhysical TherapistsOccupational Therapy Assistants and AidesElementary and Middle School School TeachersRegistered nurses
Lateral job transitions for occupational therapists

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies all 4 jobs which were held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as occupational therapists as well as 1% of respondents after working as occupational therapists. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Employed
How many people have this job?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
No degree
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate/Professional
Gender
Men
Women
Prior and next careers for occupational therapists: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as occupational therapists? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of occupational therapists surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view
Prior jobs
Next jobs
Employed
How many people have this job?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
No degree
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate/Professional
Gender
Men
Women
Percentage Transitioning
What percentage worked in this job the previous year?
Variation by state
State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most occupational therapists? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as occupational therapists. You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

Choose the metric to review
Jobs per 1000 working
Number of jobs
Use this data source
BLS
Number of Occupational Therapists per 1,000 workers (BLS)
Select a state to see local area details
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0.00.51.01.52.0
Salaries by state
Let's get a feel for where occupational therapists earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...
Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

  • In-state comparisons: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for occupational therapists compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or
  • Median salary: the unaltered median salaries for occupational therapists.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information.

Choose the metric to review
Location-adjusted median salary
Median salary
Use this data source
BLS
Location-adjusted median salary for Occupational Therapists (BLS)
The darkest shading corresponds to states in which occupational therapists earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEWIVTNHWAIDMTNDMNILMINYMAORUTWYSDIAINOHPANJCTRICANVCONEMOKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Compare to similar jobs

If this job interests you, then use the tabs and education selector to find other careers that might be a good fit for you.

How should the career similarity be computed?

There are a number of ways to measure the similarity of jobs, here are a few we provide:

  • Interests: Also known as a Holland Code - Are you a thinker? A helper? What fits your personality?
  • Environment: Are there hazards? Will you be comfortable? Will it be stressful?
  • Knowledge: What do you need to know the most about?
  • Physical Abilities: Do you need to especially strong or coordinated?
Choose the similarity measure to compare careers
Interests
Environment
Knowledge
Physical Abilities
Jobs that are similar by Interests with
All education levels
Show most similar careers
More SimilarLess Similar$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250K
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