Security Guards
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Speciality
Overview
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Guard, patrol, or monitor premises to prevent theft, violence, or infractions of rules. May operate x-ray and metal detector equipment.
Titles for this career often contain these words
SecurityGuardOfficerGateScreenerWatchmanCheckerPolicePlantBaggageProtectionTenderRepresentativeAirportArmedArmoredCarDriverInspectorCustomerFireKeeperGatemanLossPreventionMerchantPatrolPrivateSpecialAirlineAlarmInvestigatorBagBankBodyguardBouncerCampCampusClosedCircuitScreenWatcherCustomClerkServiceDoorDoorshakerElevatedObserverFloorpersonFloorwalkerAttendantOperatorPersonGolfCourseRangerGovernmentHallHotelHousemanMaritimePatrollerPackagePatrolmanProtectiveRoundsmanSafetyAgentAssistantSupervisorShipStationSurveillanceTimberTransportationTruckUnarmedWatchguard
Education
Only 15% of security guards and gambling surveillance officers have a bachelor's degree or higher.
Education attained by security guards and gambling surveillance officers
None
High School
Some College
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Degree
Doctorate
Context: workers with bachelor's degrees
Fewer security guards and gambling surveillance officers have bachelor's degrees than 64% of other careeers.
Employment
Workforce size
Security guards, with 1,143,800 workers, form a larger workforce than 96% of careers.
Predicted employment growth
Over the next decade, jobs for security guards are expected to grow by 4%, and should have about 153,800 job openings a year.
Safety from automation
Security guards are more likely to be automated than 66% of other careers.
Salaries
Context: Median Salary
How do salaries for security guards compare to other jobs' salaries?
Distribution: What salary can you expect?
See what most security guards earn.
$30K$0$20K$40K$60K
Gender
Women account for 23% of security guards and gambling surveillance officers -- that's a smaller percentage than 63% of other jobs.
Gender of security guards and gambling surveillance officers
Men
Women
Context: Salary inequity
For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. For security guards and gambling surveillance officers, the median men's salary was 9% more the median woman's salary.
Race/Origin
About 40% of security guards and gambling surveillance officers are minority, and 13% are foreign-born.
Race/origin of security guards and gambling surveillance officers
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Other
Context: Foreign-born workers (13%)
Where are the most jobs?
We ranked the number of jobs in Security Guards per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. Blue indicates low density, with lighter shades moving to yellow indicating higher numbers working in this profession.
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Benefits
How do benefits for this career compare to other jobs?
Context: Employer offers health insurance
Context: Employer offers a pension plan
Context: workers are union members
Worker concerns
Some jobs are more stressful than others, and some are just plain dangerous. The following list gives the percentages of security guards who report hazardous or difficult situations typically occurring at least once a week.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety (59%)
  • Exposed to Contaminants (52%)
  • Consequence of Error (51%)
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People (50%)
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations (45%)
  • Time Pressure (36%)
SOURCES:
Salary and diversity
What do security guards and gambling surveillance officers earn?
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) provides company-reported job titles and corresonding salaries at the specialty level (security guards). This data excludes self-employed workers.
Distribution: Salaries for security guards (BLS Salary Data)
$30K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)
$30K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
The American Community Survey (ACS) asks individuals to report their occupation and salary, and as such includes self-employed workers. This view of salaries is only available for all security guards and gambling surveillance officers.
Distribution: Salaries for security guards and gambling surveillance officers (ACS Salary Data)
$30K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)
$30K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
School bus monitors and protective service workers: Inflation-adjusted salary trend
This job's median $37KAll jobs' median $45K$37K$44K070809101112131415161718$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K
A look at employers and corresponding salaries
The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, giving us a picture of what employers most typically hire security guards.
Employers of Security Guards and Gambling Surveillance Officers (ACS)
Private for-profit (78.3%)
Private not-for-profit (5.1%)
Local government (5.3%)
State government (4.3%)
Federal government (6.2%)
Self-employed incorporated (0.3%)
Self-employed not incorporated (0.5%)
Working without pay (0.0%)
Distribution: Salaries of security guards and gambling surveillance officers by type of employer (ACS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses. These salaries were reported for the larger career group of security guards and gambling surveillance officers, which combines the 2 specialties for this career.
$30K$28K$37K$48K$33K$36K$29K$37K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000$120,000Self-employed not incorporatedSelf-employed incorporatedFederal governmentState governmentLocal governmentPrivate not-for-profitPrivate for-profitAll
Distribution: Salaries of security guards by type of employer (BLS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS. Remember that the BLS salaries are for the specialty security guards, and may differ signficantly from the ACS salary estimates which combine several career specialties.
$30K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000All

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Salary growth for security guards and gambling surveillance officers

Is this a job that rewards experience, or is this job most likely a part of a career ladder? The higher a job's experience quotient, the more experience is rewarded with pay increases. Jobs in the green range have the best rewards with experience.

Take a minute to look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working at each age change. Does this seem to be a job for the young or the old, or could it be a career offering steady salary growth for many years?

Salary distribution
$34K$35K$31K$33K$22K$33K$31K$34K$27K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
Number employed
050K100K150K20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Security guards and gambling surveillance officers and gender

With 23% women, this occupation has a lower percentage of women than 63% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce
23%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Gender of Security guards and gambling surveillance officers
Men (77%)
Women (23%)
Distribution: Salaries by gender

The median salary for all full-time male workers in the US exceeds the full-time median salary for women by 19%. The situation is a little better for security guards and gambling surveillance officers, with the median salary for men 9% higher than the median salary for women.

$28K$31K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KWomenMen
Context: Salary Inequity

The chart below shows the salary inequity, the percentage by which the median men's salary is higher than the median women's salary for all but about 20 jobs in which women typically earn more than men. Security guards and gambling surveillance officers have one of the smaller inequity calculations, with the increase for men's median salary over women's median salary in this job lower than that for 75% of other jobs.

9%0%20%40%60%80%100%

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Race and origin of security guards and gambling surveillance officers

Here we check out the diversity of origin in this career. There is a higher percentage of minority security guards and gambling surveillance officers than for 95% of other careers. The percentage of foreign-born workers in this career is near the middle of all careers.

Race/origin of security guards and gambling surveillance officers
White (54% )
Black (31% )
Other (6% )
Multiracial (3% )
Asian (3% )
American Indian (1% )
Hispanic (1% )
Pacific Islander (0% )
Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce
40%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Context: Representation of foreign-born workers
13%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: Salaries for security guards and gambling surveillance officers by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

$28K$28K$28K$29K$31K$31K$32K$37K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KAmerican IndianOtherMultiracialBlackWhiteHispanicAsianPacific Islander
Distribution: Salaries for security guards and gambling surveillance officers by nativity
$30K$30K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KAll foreign-bornAll native citizens

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Security guards and gambling surveillance officers and Part-time/Full-time employment

We've found that somes jobs hava a huge number of part-time workers, and that typically most who are working part-time are doing so because they cannot find full-time work or the job they have cannot provide full-time hours. With 21% part-time workers, this occupation has a higher percentage of part-time workers than 69% of careers.

Context: Part-time workers in the workforce
21%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Why workers are part-time
Full-Time is less than 35 hours a week
Retired/Social Security limit on earnings
Could not find full-time work
Seasonal work
Slack work/business conditions
School/training
Health/medical limitations
Child care problems
Other family/personal obligations
Other reasons
Distribution: Salaries by part-time/full-time status

The salary distributions for full-time and part-time security guards and gambling surveillance officers is shown following.

$12K$30K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KPart-time workersFull-time workers
Pathways to this career
Education attained by security guards

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), security guards typically hold a high school diploma or equivalent.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as security guards and gambling surveillance officers as reported in responses to the American Community Survey.

Details: Education and training recommended for security guards

Security guards generally need a high school diploma or equivalent, although some jobs may not have any education requirements. Gaming surveillance officers also need a high school diploma or equivalent and may need experience with video surveillance technology depending upon assignment.

Details: Licensing and certification recommended for security guards

Most states require that security guards be registered with the state in which they work. Although registration requirements vary by state, basic qualifications for candidates are as follows:

  • Be at least 18 years old
  • Pass a background check
  • Complete training

Guards who carry weapons usually must be registered by the appropriate government authority. Armed guard positions have more stringent background checks and entry requirements than those of unarmed guards. Rigorous hiring and screening programs, including background, criminal record, and fingerprint checks, are required for armed guards in most states.

Some jobs may also require a driver's license.

Education attained by security guards and gambling surveillance officers
None
High School
Some College
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Degree
Doctorate
Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for security guards and gambling surveillance officers? Below we see the distribution of security guards and gambling surveillance officers salaries based on the education attained.

$24K$28K$30K$32K$38K$44K$42K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120KNone (5%)High School (36%)Some College (33%)Associate's/Cert. (11%)Bachelor's Degree (13%)Master's Degree (2%)Doctorate (0%)

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

The Department of Education recommends the following college degree programs as preparation for this career. You can click the program row to learn more about the program and explore a list of schools that offer the program.

Number of degrees awarded in 2017
Education
Education level of awarded degrees
Associate's degree or certificate
Bachelor's
Graduate
Gender
Gender of graduates
Men
Women
Race/Origin
Race/origin of graduates
White
Minority
International
Switching Careers
The most common next careers for security guards and gambling surveillance officers

What jobs will most security guards and gambling surveillance officers hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of security guards and gambling surveillance officers reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list? For security guards and gambling surveillance officers, there isn't a lot of action in this chart! This isn't a career that invites much moving around.

School bus monitors and protective service workersPolice OfficersFirst-Line Supervisors of Security Workers
Lateral job transitions for security guards and gambling surveillance officers

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies all 3 jobs which were held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as security guards and gambling surveillance officers as well as 1% of respondents after working as security guards and gambling surveillance officers. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Employed
How many people have this job?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
No degree
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate/Professional
Gender
Men
Women
Prior and next careers for security guards and gambling surveillance officers: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as security guards and gambling surveillance officers? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of security guards and gambling surveillance officers surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view
Prior jobs
Next jobs
Employed
How many people have this job?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
No degree
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate/Professional
Gender
Men
Women
Percentage Transitioning
What percentage worked in this job the previous year?
Variation by state
State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most security guards? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as security guards. You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

One important factor in the differences between ACS and BLS data is that the ACS numbers are for all security guards and gambling surveillance officers, comprised of all specialities listed in the menu bar, and you can choose to view the BLS at the specialty or full career level.

Choose the metric to review
Jobs per 1000 working
Number of jobs
Use this data source
BLS for this specialty
Number of Security Guards per 1,000 workers (BLS)
Select a state to see local area details
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0.010.020.030.040.0
Salaries by state
Let's get a feel for where security guards earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...
Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

  • In-state comparisons: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for security guards and gambling surveillance officers compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or
  • Median salary: the unaltered median salaries for security guards and gambling surveillance officers.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information. The ACS salaries are for all security guards and gambling surveillance officers, which combines the specialities from which you can choose at the top of the page.

Choose the metric to review
Location-adjusted median salary
Median salary
Use this data source
BLS for this specialty
Location-adjusted median salary for Security Guards (BLS for this specialty)
The darkest shading corresponds to states in which security guards earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.
Select a state to see local area details
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$0$10K$20K$30K$40K
Compare to similar jobs

If this job interests you, then use the tabs and education selector to find other careers that might be a good fit for you.

How should the career similarity be computed?

There are a number of ways to measure the similarity of jobs, here are a few we provide:

  • Interests: Also known as a Holland Code - Are you a thinker? A helper? What fits your personality?
  • Environment: Are there hazards? Will you be comfortable? Will it be stressful?
  • Knowledge: What do you need to know the most about?
  • Physical Abilities: Do you need to especially strong or coordinated?