Glaziers
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Overview
Glaziers install glass in windows, skylights, and other fixtures in storefronts and buildings.
Predicted employment growth
Over the next decade, jobs for glaziers are expected to grow by 11%, and should have about 6,600 job openings a year.
Safety from automation
The likelihood of autmoation for ${title} is near the middle of all careers' likelihoods.
Workforce size
Glaziers, with 50,100 workers, are near the middle of all careers in the number employed.
Education
Only 4% of glaziers have a bachelor's degree or higher.
Education attained by glaziers
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Context: workers with bachelor's degrees
Fewer glaziers have bachelor's degrees than 87% of other careeers.
Salaries
The median (middle) salary for 57% of all other jobs is higher than the middle salary for glaziers. The graph shows inflation-adjusted salaries for most glaziers.
This job's median $44KAll jobs' median $39K$41K$38K20142015201620172018$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K
Context: Median Salary
Gender
Women account for 2% of glaziers -- that's a smaller percentage than 94% of other jobs.
Gender of glaziers
Men
Women
Context: Salary inequity
For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. For glaziers, the median men's salary was 21% more the median woman's salary.
Race/Origin
About 8% of glaziers are minority, and 16% are foreign-born.
Race/origin of glaziers
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Other
Context: Foreign-born workers (16%)
Where are the most jobs?
We ranked the number of jobs in Glaziers per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. The darker the blue, the higher the job density.
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
Job benefits
Employer or union-sponsored pension plans are offered to 27% of glaziers, and 43% have company-sponsored health insurance (20% have dependents enrolled in their employer's health plan).
Employer-provided health coverage for glaziers
100% premiums covered
Partial premiums covered
Plan with no cost sharing
No health insurance
The downside
Some jobs are more stressful than others, and some are just plain dangerous. The following list gives the percentages of glaziers who report hazardous or difficult situations typically occurring at least once a week.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety (81%)
  • Time Pressure (77%)
  • Exposed to High Places (73%)
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment (72%)
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings (68%)
  • Exposed to Contaminants (64%)
  • Consequence of Error (62%)
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations (53%)
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People (44%)
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions (35%)
SOURCES:24.0 O*NET
Salary and diversity
Salary overview
What do glaziers earn?

In this section, we want to give you a clear idea of what you can expect to earn in this career. We use two sources of data here: the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which asks employers to classify their workforce and to report salaries using the SOC-specialty level of reporting, and the American Community Survey (ACS), which asks people to classify their jobs using the broad classifications that ididio uses for career profiles, and to self-report their salaries. For some jobs, the differences in survey approaches between BLS and ACS can paint a very different end-picture. Whenever possible, we provide data from both sources.

The BLS-compiled salary data is reported by companies for their employees. This data excludes self-employed workers. We first show the distribution of salaries for glaziers, and then we show how the middle (median) salary for glaziers compares to the BLS-computed median salaries of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for glaziers (BLS Salary Data)
$44K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)
$44K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
We compiled household data from the ACS to determine the salaries that people working at least 35 hours a week report themselves to earn. Unlike the BLS estimates, this data includes self-employed wages. We first show the full salary distribution for all glaziers, and then we show how the median (middle) salary for glaziers compares to the median ACS-reported salary of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for glaziers (ACS Salary Data)
$38K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)
$38K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K$120K
Employers and salary
A look at employers and corresponding salaries
The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, and following we show the salary distributions for these workers based on those employer types. For some careers, the salaries can be vastly different between private, government, and self-employment. As with our salary overview, we view the both the BLS economists' salary profiles and the household-reported salaries from ACS to get a thorough understanding of where glaziers work and for what salary. We have the great faith in the accuracy of economist-vetted BLS data; however, the BLS restrictions on which employers are surveyed skews the data a bit (read more in the sources), and the ACS responses provide different and useful categorizations of employers and salaries.
Employers of Glaziers (ACS)
Private for-profit (88.3%)
Private not-for-profit (1.0%)
Local government (0.4%)
State government (0.2%)
Federal government (0.1%)
Self-employed incorporated (4.4%)
Self-employed not incorporated (5.5%)
Working without pay (0.1%)
Distribution: Salaries of glaziers by type of employer (ACS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses.
$38K$38K$47K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000Self-employed incorporatedPrivate for-profitAll
Distribution: Salaries of glaziers by type of employer (BLS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS.
$44K$61K$43K$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000Local governmentPrivateAll
Age and career advancement
Salary growth for glaziers

The biggest take-away from the following two charts is the relationship between salary and experience that we can infer from age. Does this job seem to attract especially younger or older workers? Does it reward experience?

Take a minute a look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working in this career changes. We only provide this data when there are enough consistent ACS survey responses to allow a reasonable margin of error, so for some careers you will see gaps in our reporting of salary by age.

$41K$40K$47K$43K$36K$41K$24K$44K$35K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100KSalary distribution20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
02K4K6KNumber employed20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Gender and Equity
Glaziers and gender

With 2% women, this occupation has a lower percentage of women than 94% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce
2%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Gender of Glaziers
Men (98%)
Women (2%)
Distribution: Salaries by gender

We only have enough data to accuarately show the salary distribution for men. This chart shows you the salary range for most workers by gender.

$39K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KMen
Context: Salary Inequity

Nationwide there are twenty careers for which men do not have a higher median (middle) salary than women. The chart below shows the salary inequity, the percentage by which the median men's salary is higher than the median women's salary, for most jobs. Glaziers have one of the higher percentage increases for men's salary, with the increase for the men's median salary over the women's median salary in this job even higher than that for 63% of other jobs.

21%0%20%40%60%80%100%

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Race/Origin
Race and origin of glaziers

The representation of minority and foreign-born workers is quite different between careers, and the relative pay of those workers also varies significantly between careers. There is a smaller percentage of minority glaziers than for 97% of other careers. Although this career does not include a large percentage of minorities, it does hire more foreign-born people that most other careers.

Race/origin of glaziers
White (85% )
Other (6% )
Black (4% )
Multiracial (2% )
Hispanic (1% )
Asian (1% )
American Indian (0% )
Pacific Islander (0% )
Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce
8%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Context: Representation of foreign-born workers
16%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: Salaries for glaziers by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

$33K$36K$40K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KBlackOtherWhite
Distribution: Salaries for glaziers by nativity
$33K$40K$0$20K$40K$60K$80KAll foreign-bornAll native citizens

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Pathways to this career
Education requirements and salary
Education attained by glaziers

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), glaziers typically hold a high school diploma or equivalent.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as glaziers as reported in responses to the American Community Survey. Following, we investigate whether education level influences salary for glaziers.

Education attained by glaziers
None
High School
Some College
Associate's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Deg/Doct
Doctorate
Details: Education and training recommended for glaziers

Glaziers typically enter the occupation with a high school diploma or equivalent.

Details: Licensing and certification recommended for glaziers

Some states may require glaziers to have a license; check with your state for more information. Licensure requirements typically include passing a test and possessing a combination of education and work experience.

Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for glaziers? Below we see the distribution of glaziers salaries based on the education attained. These comparisons are based on all survey responses by those who identified themselves as glaziers, and are not intended as a statistical analysis of salary differences that would correct for non-educational factors that could contribute to high or low earnings.

$35K$39K$40K$42K$42K$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100KNone (18%)High School (51%)Some College (23%)Associate's Degree (5%)Bachelor's Degree (3%)
Certificate/degree pathways

The Department of Education recommends the following college degree programs as preparation for this career. You can click the program row to learn more about the program and explore a list of schools that offer the program.

Program
Education
Education level of awarded degrees
Less than bachelor's
bachelor's degree
Higher than bachelor's
Gender
Gender of graduates
Men
Women
Race/Origin
Race/origin of graduates
White
Minority
International
Number of degrees awarded in 2017
Glazier
12
Switching Careers
Most common new jobs
The most common next careers for glaziers

What jobs will most glaziers hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of glaziers reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list?

GlaziersManagers (specialized areas)CarpentersHand laborers and freight, stock, and material moversPainting workersFirst-line supervisors of retail sales workersCutting workersSecurity Guards and Gaming Surveillance OfficersDriver/sales workers and truck driversConstruction laborersSheet metal workersAutomotive glass installers and repairersAssemblers and fabricators (specialized areas)First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workersHealth Practitioner Support Technologists and TechniciansTelecommunications line installers and repairersRetail salespersonsShip and boat captains and operatorsAutomotive service technicians and mechanics
Lateral career moves
Lateral job transitions for glaziers

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies all 8 jobs which were held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as glaziers as well as 1% of respondents after working as glaziers. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Lateral-move careers for glaziers
Annual openings
How many openings are expected each year?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Men
Women
Hand laborers and freight, stock, and material movers
389,900
$0$200K$28K
Driver/sales workers and truck drivers
376,900
$0$200K$41K
Construction laborers
153,300
$0$200K$30K
Assemblers and fabricators (specialized areas)
131,900
$0$200K$30K
Carpenters
113,800
$0$200K$34K
Managers (specialized areas)
84,000
$0$200K$72K
Sheet metal workers
16,300
$0$200K$41K
Automotive glass installers and repairers
2,000
$0$200K$37K
Full prior and next career listings
Prior and next careers for glaziers: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as glaziers? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of glaziers surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view
Prior jobs
Next jobs
Prior careers for glaziers
Annual openings
How many openings are expected each year?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Men
Women
Percentage Transitioning
What percentage worked in this job the previous year?
Hand laborers and freight, stock, and material movers
389,900
$0$200K$28K
1.2%
Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides
380,800
$0$200K$25K
1.7%
Driver/sales workers and truck drivers
376,900
$0$200K$41K
2.8%
Janitors and building cleaners
350,300
$0$200K$27K
1.1%
Construction laborers
153,300
$0$200K$30K
1.3%
Assemblers and fabricators (specialized areas)
131,900
$0$200K$30K
5.7%
Carpenters
113,800
$0$200K$34K
6.6%
Managers (specialized areas)
84,000
$0$200K$72K
3.7%
First-line supervisors of production and operating workers
59,500
$0$200K$53K
1.1%
Education administrators
45,800
$0$200K$68K
1.6%
Construction managers
34,800
$0$200K$66K
1.4%
Network and computer systems administrators
27,000
$0$200K$71K
1.4%
Chief executives and legislators
24,000
$0$200K$96K
1.2%
Installation, maintenance, and repair workers
22,800
$0$200K$39K
1.5%
Metal and plastic workers
20,700
$0$200K$34K
1.4%
Sheet metal workers
16,300
$0$200K$41K
1.4%
Glaziers
6,600
$0$200K$38K
40.2%
Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers
4,700
$0$200K$85K
1.3%
Mining machine operators
2,400
$0$200K$63K
1.2%
Automotive glass installers and repairers
2,000
$0$200K$37K
8.6%
Read about glaziers
Responsibilities and activities
Responsibilities and activities

Glaziers typically do the following:

  • Follow blueprints and specifications
  • Remove any old or broken glass before installing replacement glass
  • Cut glass to the specified size and shape
  • Use measuring tape, plumb lines, and levels to ensure proper fitting installation
  • Make or install sashes and moldings for glass installation
  • Fasten glass into sashes or frames with clips, moldings, or other types of fasteners
  • Add weather seal or putty around pane edges to seal joints

Glass has many uses in everyday life. For example, insulated and specially treated glass keeps in warm or cool air and controls sound and condensation. Tempered and laminated glass makes doors and windows more secure by making them less prone to breaking. Glaziers specialize in installing these different glass products.

In homes, glaziers install or replace windows, mirrors, shower doors, and bathtub enclosures. They fit glass for tabletops and display cases. On commercial interior projects, glaziers install items such as room dividers and security windows. Glazing projects may also involve exterior work such as replacing storefront windows for supermarkets, auto dealerships, banks, and other establishments.

For most large-scale construction jobs, glass is precut and mounted into frames at a factory or a contractor’s shop. The finished glass arrives at the jobsite ready for glaziers to position and secure into place. Using cranes or hoists with suction cups, workers lift large, heavy pieces of glass for installation. In cases where the glass is not secure inside the frame, glaziers may attach steel and aluminum sashes or frames to the building, and then secure the glass with clips, moldings, or other types of fasteners.

Many windows are now being covered with laminates—a thin film or coating placed over the glass. These coatings provide additional durability, security, and can add color or tint to interior and exterior glass. The laminate also provides safety benefits by making glass less prone to shattering, which makes it ideal for commercial use.

Workers who replace and repair glass in motor vehicles are covered in the automotive body and glass repairers profile.

Personality and skills
Personality and skills

Can you see yourself in the ranks of glaziers? Here are the skills and traits that could lead to success.

Balance
Glaziers need a good sense of balance while handling large panes of glass or while working on ladders or scaffolds.
Communication
Glaziers need to be able to communicate effectively with other team members and with customers to ensure the work is done precisely and on time.
Hand–eye coordination
Glaziers must be able to cut glass precisely. As a result, a steady hand is needed to cut the correct size and shape in the field.
Physical stamina
Glaziers work on their feet and move heavy pieces of glass most of the day. They need to be able to hold glass in place until it can be fully secured.
Physical strength
Glaziers must often lift heavy pieces of glass for hanging. Physical strength, therefore, is important for the occupation.
Trends in employment
Salary trends
Distribution and trends: Salaries for glaziers
Choose actual dollars or inflation-adjusted dollars to view
Adjusted for inflation
Historic dollars

In 2018, the median (middle) for 57% of all other jobs were higher than the median (middle) salary for glaziers. This graphic shows how the salary distribution (adjusted for inflation) has changed for this job over recent years. The gray line, as a comparison, shows the median salary of all US workers.

This job's median $44KAll jobs' median $39K$43K$38K200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018$0$20K$40K$60K$80K$100K
Projected versus actual employment
Exploring actual employment trends versus projected trends

Currently, jobs for glaziers are anticipated to grow by 11% over the next decade; only 23% of jobs are predicted to grow more.

The projected employment for glaziers is the best guess created by talented economists and statisticians at the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). However, as you look through several careers you'll notice that the projections are heavily influenced by past performance and may miss current trends. No one can tell the future, and as new information and better techniques are developed, actual counts and future projections may change. Here's a glimpse at the actual counts versus the projections over time.

2000201020202030020,00040,00060,00080,000
Employment counts
Actual measured employment
BLS 10-year predictions
Variation by state
Employment
State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most glaziers? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as glaziers. You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

Choose the metric to review
Jobs per 1000 working
Number of jobs
Use this data source
BLS
Number of Glaziers per 1,000 workers (BLS)
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
0.00.20.40.60.81.0
Salary
Salaries by state
Let's get a feel for where glaziers earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...
Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

  • In-state comparisons: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for glaziers compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or
  • Median salary: the unaltered median salaries for glaziers.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information.

Choose the metric to review
In-state comparisions
Median salary
Use this data source
BLS
Median salary ratio: Glaziers to all workers (BLS)
The darkest shading corresponds to states in which glaziers earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
0.00.51.01.52.0
Compare to similar jobs

If this job interests you, then use the dots below to find other jobs you might like. The dots closer to the top represent jobs that are like Glaziers (shown with a blue star). Look for the dots to the right to find the best salaries! (We pulled salary data from BLS, and they give a top salary value of just over $200K to protect privacy, so our graph would go much higher if the salaries were not top coded.)

How should the career similarity be computed

There are a number of ways to measure the similarity of jobs, here are a few we provide:

  • Interests: Also known as a Holland Code - Are you a thinker? A helper? What fits your personality?
  • Environment: Are there hazards? Will you be comfortable? Will it be stressful?
  • Knowledge: What do you need to know the most about?
  • Physical Abilities: Do you need to especially strong or coordinated?
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