Elevator installers and repairers
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Overview
Elevator installers and repairers install, fix, and maintain elevators, escalators, moving walkways, and other lifts.
Predicted employment growth
Over the next decade, jobs for elevator installers and repairers are expected to grow by 12%, and should have about 3,000 job openings a year.
Safety from automation
Elevator installers and repairers are less likely to be automated than 62% of other careers.
Workforce size
Elevator installers and repairers, with 22,100 workers, form a smaller workforce than 70% of careers.
Education
Only 7% of elevator installers and repairers have a bachelor's degree or higher.
Education attained by elevator installers and repairers
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Context: workers with bachelor's degrees
Fewer elevator installers and repairers have bachelor's degrees than 75% of other careeers.
Salaries
The median (middle) salary for elevator installers and repairers is higher than 84% of all other jobs' middle salaries. The graph shows inflation-adjusted salaries for most elevator installers and repairers.
This job's median $80KAll jobs' median $39K$84K$38K20142015201620172018$0$50K$100K$150K
Context: Median Salary
Gender
Women account for 1% of elevator installers and repairers -- that's a smaller percentage than 97% of other jobs.
Gender of elevator installers and repairers
Men
Women
Context: Salary inequity
For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. For elevator installers and repairers, the median men's salary was Infinity% more the median woman's salary.
Race/Origin
About 13% of elevator installers and repairers are minority, and 11% are foreign-born.
Race/origin of elevator installers and repairers
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Other
Context: Foreign-born workers (11%)
Where are the most jobs?
We ranked the number of jobs in Elevator Installers and Repairers per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. The darker the blue, the higher the job density.
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
Job benefits
Employer or union-sponsored pension plans are offered to 62% of elevator installers and repairers, and 85% have company-sponsored health insurance (13% have dependents enrolled in their employer's health plan).
Employer-provided health coverage for elevator installers and repairers
100% premiums covered
Partial premiums covered
Plan with no cost sharing
No health insurance
The downside
Some jobs are more stressful than others, and some are just plain dangerous. The following list gives the percentages of elevator installers and repairers who report hazardous or difficult situations typically occurring at least once a week.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment (100%)
  • Exposed to High Places (100%)
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions (100%)
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety (87%)
  • Exposed to Contaminants (86%)
  • Consequence of Error (86%)
  • Time Pressure (69%)
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings (63%)
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections (46%)
SOURCES:24.0 O*NET
Salary and diversity
Salary overview
What do elevator installers and repairers earn?

In this section, we want to give you a clear idea of what you can expect to earn in this career. We use two sources of data here: the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which asks employers to classify their workforce and to report salaries using the SOC-specialty level of reporting, and the American Community Survey (ACS), which asks people to classify their jobs using the broad classifications that ididio uses for career profiles, and to self-report their salaries. For some jobs, the differences in survey approaches between BLS and ACS can paint a very different end-picture. Whenever possible, we provide data from both sources.

The BLS-compiled salary data is reported by companies for their employees. This data excludes self-employed workers. We first show the distribution of salaries for elevator installers and repairers, and then we show how the middle (median) salary for elevator installers and repairers compares to the BLS-computed median salaries of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for elevator installers and repairers (BLS Salary Data)
$80K$0$50K$100K$150K
Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)
$80K$0$50K$100K$150K
We compiled household data from the ACS to determine the salaries that people working at least 35 hours a week report themselves to earn. Unlike the BLS estimates, this data includes self-employed wages. We first show the full salary distribution for all elevator installers and repairers, and then we show how the median (middle) salary for elevator installers and repairers compares to the median ACS-reported salary of other careers.
Distribution: Salaries for elevator installers and repairers (ACS Salary Data)
$84K$0$50K$100K$150K
Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)
$84K$0$50K$100K$150K
Employers and salary
A look at employers and corresponding salaries
The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, and following we show the salary distributions for these workers based on those employer types. For some careers, the salaries can be vastly different between private, government, and self-employment. As with our salary overview, we view the both the BLS economists' salary profiles and the household-reported salaries from ACS to get a thorough understanding of where elevator installers and repairers work and for what salary. We have the great faith in the accuracy of economist-vetted BLS data; however, the BLS restrictions on which employers are surveyed skews the data a bit (read more in the sources), and the ACS responses provide different and useful categorizations of employers and salaries.
Employers of Elevator installers and repairers (ACS)
Private for-profit (92.7%)
Private not-for-profit (1.1%)
Local government (2.6%)
State government (1.4%)
Federal government (0.6%)
Self-employed incorporated (0.8%)
Self-employed not incorporated (0.7%)
Working without pay (0.1%)
Distribution: Salaries of elevator installers and repairers by type of employer (ACS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses.
$84K$85K$0$50,000$100,000$150,000Private for-profitAll
Distribution: Salaries of elevator installers and repairers by type of employer (BLS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS.
$80K$92K$79K$64K$0$50,000$100,000$150,000State governmentLocal governmentPrivateAll
Age and career advancement
Salary growth for elevator installers and repairers

The biggest take-away from the following two charts is the relationship between salary and experience that we can infer from age. Does this job seem to attract especially younger or older workers? Does it reward experience?

Take a minute a look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working in this career changes. We only provide this data when there are enough consistent ACS survey responses to allow a reasonable margin of error, so for some careers you will see gaps in our reporting of salary by age.

$86K$99K$85K$87K$92K$75K$61K$0$50K$100K$150KSalary distribution20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
01K2K3K4K5KNumber employed20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Gender and Equity
Elevator installers and repairers and gender

With 1% women, this occupation has a lower percentage of women than 97% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce
1%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Gender of Elevator installers and repairers
Men (99%)
Women (1%)
Distribution: Salaries by gender

We only have enough data to accuarately show the salary distribution for men. This chart shows you the salary range for most workers by gender.

$84K$0$50K$100K$150KMen
Context: Salary Inequity

Nationwide there are twenty careers for which men do not have a higher median (middle) salary than women. The chart below shows the salary inequity, the percentage by which the median men's salary is higher than the median women's salary, for most jobs. Elevator installers and repairers have one of the smaller percentage increases for men's salary, with the increase the men's median salary over the women's median salary in this job lower than that for undefined of other jobs.

Infinity%0%20%40%60%80%100%

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Race/Origin
Race and origin of elevator installers and repairers

The representation of minority and foreign-born workers is quite different between careers, and the relative pay of those workers also varies significantly between careers. There is a smaller percentage of minority elevator installers and repairers than for 79% of other careers. As with minority workers, there is also a smaller percentage of foreign-born workers in this career than in most other careers.

Race/origin of elevator installers and repairers
White (83% )
Black (8% )
Other (4% )
Asian (2% )
Multiracial (2% )
Hispanic (1% )
American Indian (0% )
Pacific Islander (0% )
Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce
13%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Context: Representation of foreign-born workers
11%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: Salaries for elevator installers and repairers by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

$70K$86K$0$50K$100K$150KBlackWhite
Distribution: Salaries for elevator installers and repairers by nativity
$66K$85K$0$50K$100K$150KAll foreign-bornAll native citizens

Our only sources for career data containing age, gender, or origin/race come from the Census Bureau. To provide these breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, and age. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of age, gender, and race on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Pathways to this career
Education requirements and salary
Education attained by elevator installers and repairers

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), elevator installers and repairers typically hold a high school diploma or equivalent.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as elevator installers and repairers as reported in responses to the American Community Survey. Following, we investigate whether education level influences salary for elevator installers and repairers.

Education attained by elevator installers and repairers
None
High School
Some College
Associate's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Deg/Doct
Doctorate
Details: Education and training recommended for elevator installers and repairers

High school classes in math, mechanical drawing, and shop may help applicants compete for apprenticeship openings.

Details: Licensing and certification recommended for elevator installers and repairers

Currently, 35 states require elevator installers and repairers to be licensed. Check with your state for more information.

Although not required, certification can show competence and proficiency in the field.

Elevator installers and repairers can become certified as Certified Elevator Technicians (CET) or Certified Accessibility and Private Residence Lift Technicians (CAT) through the National Association of Elevator Contractors. They can also be certified as Qualified Elevator Inspectors (QEI) through the National Association of Elevator Safety Authorities.

Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for elevator installers and repairers? Below we see the distribution of elevator installers and repairers salaries based on the education attained. These comparisons are based on all survey responses by those who identified themselves as elevator installers and repairers, and are not intended as a statistical analysis of salary differences that would correct for non-educational factors that could contribute to high or low earnings.

$82K$88K$95K$86K$0$50K$100K$150KHigh School (46%)Some College (32%)Associate's Degree (11%)Bachelor's Degree (7%)
Certificate/degree pathways

The Department of Education recommends the following college degree programs as preparation for this career. You can click the program row to learn more about the program and explore a list of schools that offer the program.

Program
Education
Education level of awarded degrees
Less than bachelor's
bachelor's degree
Higher than bachelor's
Gender
Gender of graduates
Men
Women
Race/Origin
Race/origin of graduates
White
Minority
International
Number of degrees awarded in 2017
Industrial Mechanics and Maintenance Technology
6,617
Switching Careers
Most common new jobs
The most common next careers for elevator installers and repairers

What jobs will most elevator installers and repairers hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of elevator installers and repairers reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list?

Elevator installers and repairersConstruction managersDriver/sales workers and truck driversHeavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanicsElectrical power-line installers and repairersJanitors and building cleanersProducers and directorsWholesale and manufacturing sales representativesChief executives and legislatorsInsurance sales agentsFirst-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workersFirst-line supervisors of non-retail sales workersWelding, soldering, and brazing workersElectriciansConstruction laborersAutomotive service technicians and mechanics
Lateral career moves
Lateral job transitions for elevator installers and repairers

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies all 2 jobs which were held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as elevator installers and repairers as well as 1% of respondents after working as elevator installers and repairers. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Lateral-move careers for elevator installers and repairers
Annual openings
How many openings are expected each year?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Men
Women
Electricians
83,100
$0$200K$49K
Welding, soldering, and brazing workers
51,000
$0$200K$39K
Full prior and next career listings
Prior and next careers for elevator installers and repairers: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as elevator installers and repairers? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of elevator installers and repairers surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view
Prior jobs
Next jobs
Prior careers for elevator installers and repairers
Annual openings
How many openings are expected each year?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Gender
Men
Women
Percentage Transitioning
What percentage worked in this job the previous year?
Maintenance and repair workers
155,500
$0$200K$42K
1.9%
Managers (specialized areas)
84,000
$0$200K$72K
2.5%
Electricians
83,100
$0$200K$49K
2.9%
Welding, soldering, and brazing workers
51,000
$0$200K$39K
1.6%
Police officers
49,900
$0$200K$62K
1.7%
Computer and information systems managers
32,500
$0$200K$99K
1.8%
Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers
17,700
$0$200K$27K
2.2%
Elevator installers and repairers
3,000
$0$200K$84K
79.8%
No occupation
4.5%
Read about elevator installers and repairers
Responsibilities and activities
Responsibilities and activities

Elevator installers and repairers typically do the following:

  • Read and interpret blueprints to determine the layout of system components and to select the equipment needed for installation or repair
  • Assemble elevator cars, installing each car’s platform, walls, and doors
  • Connect electrical wiring to control panels and electric motors
  • Test newly installed equipment to ensure that it meets specifications
  • Troubleshoot malfunctions in brakes, motors, switches, and control systems
  • Dismantle elevator or escalator units in order to gain access to remove and replace defective parts, using hoists, ladders, and hand/power tools
  • Repair and/or replace faulty components in order to return elevator to fully operational status
  • Conduct preventive maintenance and inspections of elevators and escalators on a scheduled basis to ensure compliance with safety regulations and building codes
  • Keep service records of all maintenance and repair tasks

Elevator installers and repairers, also called elevator constructors or elevator mechanics, assemble, install, maintain, and replace elevators, escalators, chairlifts, moving walkways, and similar equipment in buildings.

Elevator installers and repairers usually specialize in installation, maintenance, or repair work. Maintenance and repair workers generally require greater knowledge of electronics, hydraulics, and electricity than do installers because a large part of maintenance and repair work is troubleshooting. Most elevators have computerized control systems, resulting in more complex systems and troubleshooting than in the past.

After an elevator is installed, workers must regularly maintain and service it to keep the elevator working properly. They generally perform preventive maintenance, such as oiling and greasing moving parts, replacing worn parts, and adjusting equipment for optimal performance. They also troubleshoot and may be called to perform emergency repairs. Workers who specialize in elevator maintenance typically service many of the same elevators on multiple occasions over time.

A service crew usually handles major repairs—for example, replacing cables, elevator doors, or machine bearings. These tasks may require the use of cutting torches or rigging equipment—tools that an elevator repairer would not normally carry. Service crews also perform major modernization and alteration work, such as replacing electric motors, hydraulic pumps, and control panels.

Personality and skills
Personality and skills

Can you see yourself in the ranks of elevator installers and repairers? Here are the skills and traits that could lead to success.

Detail oriented
Elevator installers must keep accurate records of their service schedules. These records are used to schedule future maintenance, which helps reduce breakdowns.
Mechanical skills
Elevator installers use a variety of power tools and hand tools to install and repair lifts. Escalators, for example, run on tracks that must be installed using wrenches and screwdrivers.
Physical stamina
Elevators installers must be able to perform strenuous work, especially in cramped and confined spaces, for long periods.
Physical strength
Elevator installers often lift heavy equipment and parts, including escalator steps, conduit, and metal tracks. Some apprentices must be able to lift 100 pounds in order to participate in a training program.
Troubleshooting skills
Elevator installers and repairers must be able to diagnose and repair problems. When an escalator stops moving, for example, mechanics determine why it stopped and make the necessary repairs.
Trends in employment
Salary trends
Distribution and trends: Salaries for elevator installers and repairers
Choose actual dollars or inflation-adjusted dollars to view
Adjusted for inflation
Historic dollars

In 2018, the median (middle) salary for elevator installers and repairers was higher than 84% of all other jobs' middle salaries. This graphic shows how the salary distribution (adjusted for inflation) has changed for this job over recent years. The gray line, as a comparison, shows the median salary of all US workers.

This job's median $80KAll jobs' median $39K$78K$38K200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018$0$50K$100K$150K
Projected versus actual employment
Exploring actual employment trends versus projected trends

Currently, jobs for elevator installers and repairers are anticipated to grow by 12% over the next decade; only 19% of jobs are predicted to grow more.

The projected employment for elevator installers and repairers is the best guess created by talented economists and statisticians at the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). However, as you look through several careers you'll notice that the projections are heavily influenced by past performance and may miss current trends. No one can tell the future, and as new information and better techniques are developed, actual counts and future projections may change. Here's a glimpse at the actual counts versus the projections over time.

2000201020202030010,00020,00030,000
Employment counts
Actual measured employment
BLS 10-year predictions
Variation by state
Employment
State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most elevator installers and repairers? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as elevator installers and repairers. You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

Choose the metric to review
Jobs per 1000 working
Number of jobs
Use this data source
BLS
Number of Elevator Installers and Repairers per 1,000 workers (BLS)
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
0.00.20.40.60.8
Salary
Salaries by state
Let's get a feel for where elevator installers and repairers earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...
Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

  • In-state comparisons: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for elevator installers and repairers compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or
  • Median salary: the unaltered median salaries for elevator installers and repairers.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information.

Choose the metric to review
In-state comparisions
Median salary
Use this data source
BLS
Median salary ratio: Elevator Installers and Repairers to all workers (BLS)
The darkest shading corresponds to states in which elevator installers and repairers earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
0.01.02.03.04.0
Compare to similar jobs

If this job interests you, then use the dots below to find other jobs you might like. The dots closer to the top represent jobs that are like Elevator installers and repairers (shown with a blue star). Look for the dots to the right to find the best salaries! (We pulled salary data from BLS, and they give a top salary value of just over $200K to protect privacy, so our graph would go much higher if the salaries were not top coded.)

How should the career similarity be computed

There are a number of ways to measure the similarity of jobs, here are a few we provide:

  • Interests: Also known as a Holland Code - Are you a thinker? A helper? What fits your personality?
  • Environment: Are there hazards? Will you be comfortable? Will it be stressful?
  • Knowledge: What do you need to know the most about?
  • Physical Abilities: Do you need to especially strong or coordinated?
Choose the similarity measure to compare careers
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