Architectural History and Criticism
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Architectural history and criticism is a program that focuses on the aesthetic, technical, and social development of the built environment and the architectural profession from earliest times to the present. includes instruction in the principles of architecture and related fields; art history; historiography of architecture; architectural theory and criticism; related aspects of the history of technology and social and economic history; and various period, cultural, and stylistic specializations.
Current award levels
Hover over the bars below to see how many people across the country completed a degree in architectural history and criticism at each level last year.
020406080100120Bachelor's DegreeMaster's DegreePost-master's Cert
Race/origin of recent graduates
Here is an overview of race/origin for all architectural history and criticism graduates from this last academic year. We found a higher percentage of international graduates in this program than in 88% of other programs.
Pacific Islander
American Indian
Not Reported
Context: Percentage of Minority Graduates
Minority students comprise a lower percentage of graduates than in 55% of other programs.
Of all people with any degree in architectural history and criticism earned in the last academic year, 60% were women.
Context: Percentage women
This is a lower percentage of women than 42% of other programs.
The Census Bureau provides salary data for people with bachelor's degrees in architecture, which includes architectural history and criticism and 8 other programs.
Context: Median Salary
People with a degree in architecture have a median salary of $65,611.
Context: Benefit of a master's
About 37% of these bachelor's graduates also have a graduate degree, perhaps in a different field. Salaries improved by approximately 14% over those holding only the bachelor's degree for those with subsequent graduate degrees.
As with our salary data, this data applies to all who earned a bachelor's degree in architecture, which consists of 9 programs.
Context: Unemployment Rate
With an unemployment rate of 3.1%, this degree's majors are in about the middle of all fields's bachelor's graduates in their ability to find a job.
Context: Self Employed Workers
About 17% of workers who earned a bachelor's in architecture are self-employed.
Top careers
Following are the most frequent jobs held by people who earned a bachelor's degree in Architecture (which combines 9 programs), perhaps followed by additional education in any field. There is a fun exploration of related degrees and careers under Explore Careers below.
Completions History
Salary and Employment for Majors
Understanding this data
This section's data is for bachelor's recipients of several programs including architectural history and criticism

This section is informed by household surveys collected for the American Community Survey (ACS). For each person in the households surveyed, we learn about their college major (if applicable), final educational attainment, age, occupation, salary, and more. Using the ACS data lets us share something about what financial and career outcomes people can expect after majoring in a particular field in college.

Within our program pages, Ididio details over 1700 programs. However, the ACS surveys only report on 170 college major degrees. There is no published crosswalk between the programs and degrees. Some of the programs we describe are mostly offered as certificates or graduate programs, and don't make sense as college majors. For the remaining programs, we created a mapping to the best-fitting ACS degree designation.

We placed architectural history and criticism within the ACS architecture degree designation, which contains a total of 9 programs.

All of the data that follows is for individuals who earned a bachelor's degree with a major in the degree architecture. While we compile data on those who also received graduate education, unfortunately ACS does not record the subject area for graduate degrees.

Programs included in the ACS architecture degree
Interior Architecture
Landscape Architecture
Architectural History and Criticism
Architectural Technician
Architectural and Building Sciences and Technology
Specialized Architecture and Related Services
Urban, Community and Regional Planning
Environmental Design and Architecture
Employment overview
Percentage of architecture bachelor's graduates who are working

Does getting a bachelor's degree in architecture lead to a secure job? The donut chart shows the percentage architecture majors who are working along with a broad view of where they work. We note:

  • Self-employed workers include those working in a family-owned business.
  • Government workers can be in local, state or federal governments.

Technically, about 14.9% of architecture graduates are currently not working. However, only 3.1% are classified as "unemployed," while 11.8% are "not in the workforce." Unfortunately, we have no way of knowing whether people are out of the workforce for personal reasons or because they have been unable to find work for an extended period.

Percentage working by type of employer
Federal government
State government
Local government
Self Emp. Incoporated
Self Emp. Not Incorp.
Private not-for-profit
Private for-profit
Context: Unemployment rates

This chart lets you see whether architecture majors have better unemployment rates than bachelor's graduates from other fields. In the shaded box plot, the percentage of unemployed with this degree is shown in blue, along with the distribution of the percentage of unemployed graduates for each bachelor's degree field.

Salary overview
Typical salaries for architecture majors

How does the median (middle) salary for architecture majors compare to the median salaries for other majors? The chart below compares the median salaries for all bachelor's graduates by major. Here and everywhere that we discuss salary, we limit the population to those with bachelor's degrees who report working at least 35 hours a week and are aged 65 and younger.

Context: median salaries
Distribution: Salaries by Employer

Above we compared the median salaries earned across college majors. Now we'll view the full salary range for architecture majors. The charts below show the full distribution of salaries for this degree alone, with a look at how the type of employer might affect that salary. This salary includes all people who may also have received graduate education in this or any field. You can tease out the importance of graduate education in the last tab in the section.

$66K$68K$67K$67K$49K$63K$90K$66K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250KPrivate for-profit (64.8% )Local government (6.4% )Self Emp. Incoporated (9.7% )State government (4.0% )Self Emp. Not Incorp. (7.5% )Private not-for-profit (5.0% )Federal government (2.6% )Overall (100%)

Note that we do not include salary data when the survey standard error is higher than 20% of the salary. Therefore, some categories may be missing or may only provide partial salary ranges. To provide salary breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, age, and other factors. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of these characteristics on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

The battle of the sexes
Gender and success for architecture majors

The donut chart shows the gender balance for all people with a bachelor's degree in architecture. In the graphs that follow, we'll explore how these percentages compare to other bachelor's holders, and we'll also investigate the impact of gender on pay.

Men (71%)
Women (29%)
Context: Gender representation

How does the gender balance change according to college major? In the chart below, we see that architecture has more men than most other degrees.

Distribution: salaries by gender

The chart below shows the distribution of salaries by gender of architecture majors who are working 35 or more hours and are 65 or younger. If salaries are balanced for men and women, the blue and pink bars will be about the same. Many programs' graduates struggle with men's wages higher at all points of the salary distribution, including significantly higher top salaries.

Context: Salary inequity

For architecture graduates, men generally earn 22% more than women. This is near the middle of salary differentials within each program's graduates.

Age and Advancement
Insights from the ages of architecture bachelor's-holders

The ages of people in the US with a bachelor's degree in architecture can give us a hint about whether this degree is in-fashion or out-of-fashion. A higher percentage of older people with a degree suggests that newer degree options have edged out this degree for recent graduates. Likewise, a higher percentage of younger people with a degree may suggest that this degree has become more popular in recent years.

Careeer Advancement

What entry-level pay should you expect in your first job, and is the mid-level pay significantly higher? Below we see salary distributions by age group for architecture graduates who are working 35 or more hours weekly. Is there room for advancement in careers that stem from this degree?

$82K$77K$84K$79K$47K$69K$78K$59K$30K$0$50K$100K$150K$200KSalaries by age20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
010K20K30K40K50KNumber with major20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

Note that we do not include salary data when the survey standard error is higher than 20% of the salary. Therefore, some categories may be missing or may only provide partial salary ranges. To provide salary breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, age, and other factors. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of these characteristics on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Need for higher degrees
Is a bachelor's degree all you need?

Can architecture majors earn a high salary without obtaining a graduate degree? Below, we dive into the prevalence of graduate degrees for architecture majors, and we explore how much a graduate degree can be expected to increase salaries. Among all architectural history and criticism completions reported last year, 100% were at the bachelor's level or higher, including 35% at the graduate level.

Most recent completions in architectural history and criticism
0-1 Year Certificate
1-2 Year Certificate
2-4 Year Certificate
Associate's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Postbaccalaureate Cert
Master's Degree
Post-master's Cert
Professional Deg/Doct
Research Doctorate
Other Doctorate
Context: Graduate degrees in any field by undergraduate ACS degree

The donut shows the degree levels awarded in architectural history and criticism today. Now we'll use American Community Survey (ACS) data and look at all workers in the US who majored in architecture when in college.

We know that about 37% architecture majors chose to also earn a graduate degree (but we do not know the graduate field of study). The percentage of architecture majors also earned a graduate degree is near the middle in comparison to other fields.

Distribution: architecture majors' salaries by education level

We saw above that 37% earned a graduate degree after earning a bachelor's in architecture, but was this necessary for earning a good salary? We can see this answer in two ways. First, we can see the salary distribution for people with a bachelor's in architecture by their highest education attained. Remember, we only know the field for the bachelor's degree; the graduate degree can be in any field.

$71K$62K$78K$79K$0$50K$100K$150KBachelor's DegreeMaster's DegreeResearch DoctorateProfessional Deg/Doct

Note that we do not include salary data when the survey standard error is higher than 20% of the salary. Therefore, some categories may be missing or may only provide partial salary ranges. To provide salary breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, age, and other factors. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of these characteristics on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Context: Percentage boost obtained with a graduate degree

The second way that we can explore the impact of higher education on salary is to compare median salaries for workers with each level of education. We measure the percentage increase over the bachelor's salary that each higher degree achieved, and contrast that with similar measurements for other fields.

Sure, we think a higher degree would almost always help salary, but are there some majors that "need" a higher degree (in either the same or a new field) more than others in order to reach their earnings potential?

14%27%25%0%50%100%150%Bachelor's to Master'sBachelor's to Research DoctorateBachelor's to Professional Doctorate
Explore Careers
Careers for architecture majors
Careers for architecture majors

As we explained at the start of the previous section "Salary and Employment for Majors", the career data in all of these tabs is supported by the American Community Survey (ACS), which provides career information based on the broad degree architecture. For of the career statistics we report here, we consider all bachelor-holders in architectural history and criticism and 8 other programs to fall under the ACS data we aggregated for the architecture degree.

Here we look at ACS survey respondents across the US with a bachelor's degree in architecture, and we see their top careers. You can explore the salary distributions for all people in those careers, as well as the typical education help by workers in that job. If you see ** before the job name, that tells you that the Department of Education recommends this job for people with a degree in architectural history and criticism. We did not find always find a strong correlation between that advice and where people were working.

Select any column header to sort by that column, and select any row to explore that career.
Salary distribution 0-$200,000.
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Percentage with degree who are in job
Managers (specialized areas)
Construction managers
Chief executives and legislators
Postsecondary teachers
Urban and regional planners
First-line supervisors of retail sales workers
Real estate brokers and sales agents
Elementary and middle school teachers
Civil engineers
Management analysts
First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers
Wholesale and manufacturing sales representatives
Real estate managers
Marketing and sales managers
General and operations managers
Education administrators
Retail salespersons
Other routes to the top ten careers
Other majors that are hired by the top ten architecture careers

Take a minute with this sankey diagram, and use your mouse/touch to explore. You can follow the top ten jobs held by architecture graduates, and then, in turn, you can see the largest 10 degrees hired by each of those careers. We hope this gives you a glimpse at where you can most realistically hope to get a job with this degree, but also see alternatives for the same employment options. It's worth noting that for many degrees, the top ten jobs don't account for even half of the graduates. The data warns us / encourages us that a degree is only one piece of the puzzle that determines where we land.

This Degree
Top 10 careers
Top 10 degrees hired
ArchitectureComputer ScienceCommercial Art and Graphic DesignFine ArtsGeneral BusinessBusiness Management and AdministrationElectrical EngineeringBiologyHistoryGeneral EngineeringAccountingMechanical EngineeringPsychologyPolitical Science and GovernmentEconomicsMarketingFinanceCommunicationsEnglish Language and LiteratureConstruction ServicesCivil EngineeringSpecialized Program in EngineeringSpecialized Program in Engineering TechnologiesIndustrial Production TechnologiesMathematicsNursingChemistryGeneral EducationPhysicsGeographySociologyEnvironmental ScienceSpecialized Program in Social SciencesArchitectsManagers (specializedareas)DesignersConstruction managersDraftersChief executives andlegislatorsPostsecondary teachersUrban and regionalplannersFirst-line supervisors ofretail sales workersReal estate brokers andsales agentsAll others
Jobs that choose architecture majors
What careers hire architecture majors as one of their top 10?

What jobs are especially seeking you out? The previous section let you explore the top ten jobs for people who earn bachelor's degrees in this field. Now we turn the tables a bit. What jobs have architecture as one of the top ten majors they hire? Take this with a grain of salt, though, since some majors have more than 100,000 annual graduates and others have only a few thousand. Maybe employers would hire more of certain low-number majors if they could be found. In the bottom Sankey box, we show you the proportion of architecture majors that are accounted for by the top 10 jobs -- there are a myriad of other options for most majors.

Careers where this degree is a top 10 hire
Administrative services managersSurveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetristsDesignersArchitectsUrban and regional plannersAll other careersArchitectureAll other degrees
Where can I complete this program?
What schools offer this program?
Explore schools that offer architectural history and criticism degrees and certificates

We've created a list of schools that offer this program for the level you select. We've also chosen a few facts about each school that give you an idea of the educational quality each school might offer:

  • Student-Faculty Ratio: A small number of students per full-time instructor suggests individual attention for each student and an up-to-date curriculum.

  • Satisfaction Rate: A high percentage of returning first-year students should correlate with satisfaction (schools call this their retention rate).

  • Repayment Rate: A high repayment rate means most alumni earn enough to make progress repaying loans within 7 years of leaving.

We also show the total enrollment for the school as measured by full-time-equivalent (FTE) students enrolled annually. You can filter the list by award level and by state. Clicking on any table headers will sort the table by that column, and clicking on any row sends you to Ididio's school profile.

Filter Schools
Offering this program at this level
All levels
Only schools in these states
Only schools within
200 Miles
16 schools offer this program (all levels) in the selected area.
Total enrollment
Student to Full-time Faculty Ratio
Average Net Price
Repayment Rate
6-year Completion Rate
Amherst College
Boston University
Columbia University in the City of New York
Cornell University
DePaul University
Harvard University
Northeastern University
Roger Williams University
Savannah College of Art and Design
The University of Texas at Austin
University of Illinois at Chicago
University of Kansas
University of New Mexico - Main Campus
University of San Diego
University of Virginia - Main Campus
University of Washington - Seattle Campus
Graduate program details
Explore architectural history and criticism graduate program details

Many schools provide information to Peterson's about their graduate programs, and Ididio has licensed that data to share with you. The data is reported by program name and subject, and we have worked to match that data with the standard "CIP" titles that are the basis of these program pages. Please be aware that only a subset of all possible graduate programs share the details about financial support and admissions numbers with Peterson's. To see a complete list of schools who have graduated students with this degree, the previous section is much more reliable; however, this is a great place to look for a hint of schools that may offer financial support. You can see more details about each school's graduate programs in the Programs Offered section within that school's Ididio page.

Filter Schools
Total applicants
Percentage Admitted
Application Fee
Grad students with aid
Columbia University in the City of New York
Program in Advanced Architectural Design (Master of Science)
Savannah College of Art and Design
Program in Architectural History (Master of Fine Arts)
Explore similar programs

Architectural History and Criticism is part of a larger collection of programs: Architecture. Is there a different program that's close to Architectural History and Criticism that might be a better match for your interests? You can use this table to see a little about the programs that fall under this umbrella. If you click on any of the table headers, that will sort the table by that column, or click on a row and see Ididio's profile for that program.

Award Levels
Less than Bachelor's
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