Overview

Titles for this career often contain these words

Education

About 54% of mathematical scientists have a graduate-level education, and 91% have at least a bachelor's degree.

Education attained by mathematical scientists

None

High School

Some College

Associate's/Cert.

Bachelor's Degree

Master's Degree

Professional Degree

Doctorate

Context: workers with graduate degrees

More mathematical scientists have graduate degrees than 93% of other careeers.

Employment

Workforce size

Statisticians, with 44,400 workers,
are near the middle of all careers in the number employed.

Predicted employment growth

Over the next decade, jobs for statisticians are expected
to grow by 31%, and
should have about 5,300 job openings a year.

Safety from automation

Statisticians are less likely to be automated than 70% of other careers.

Salaries

Context: Median Salary

How do salaries for statisticians compare to other jobs' salaries?

Distribution: What salary can you expect?

See what most statisticians earn.

SOURCES:

Gender

Women account for 46% of mathematical scientists -- that's a larger percentage than 58% of other jobs.

Gender of mathematical scientists

Men

Women

Context: Salary inequity

For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. For mathematical scientists, the median men's salary was 13% more the median woman's salary.

SOURCES:

Race/Origin

About 32% of mathematical scientists are minority, and 28% are foreign-born.

Race/origin of mathematical scientists

White

Black

Pacific Islander

Hispanic

Asian

American Indian

Multiracial

Other

Context: Foreign-born workers (28%)

Where are the most jobs?

We ranked the number of jobs in Statisticians per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. Blue indicates low density, with lighter shades moving to yellow indicating higher numbers working in this profession.

Benefits

How do benefits for this career compare to other jobs?

Context: Employer offers health insurance

Context: Employer offers a pension plan

SOURCES:

Worker concerns

Some jobs are more stressful than others, and some are just plain dangerous. The following list gives the percentages of statisticians who report hazardous or difficult situations typically occurring at least once a week.

- Time Pressure (53%)

SOURCES:

Salary and diversity

What do mathematical scientists earn?

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) provides company-reported job titles and corresonding salaries at the specialty level (statisticians). This data excludes self-employed workers.

Distribution: Salaries for statisticians (BLS Salary Data)

Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)

The American Community Survey (ACS) asks individuals to report their occupation and salary, and as such includes self-employed workers. This view of salaries is
only available for all mathematical scientists.

Distribution: Salaries for mathematical scientists (ACS Salary Data)

Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)

Mathematical Scientists: Inflation-adjusted salary trend

A look at employers and corresponding salaries

The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, giving us a picture of what employers most typically hire statisticians.

Employers of Mathematical Scientists (ACS)

Private for-profit (64.7%)

Private not-for-profit (14.2%)

Local government (3.0%)

State government (6.9%)

Federal government (9.9%)

Self-employed incorporated (0.6%)

Self-employed not incorporated (0.7%)

Working without pay (0.1%)

Distribution: Salaries of mathematical scientists by type of employer (ACS data)

Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses. These salaries were reported for the larger career group of mathematical scientists, which combines the 4 specialties for this career.

Distribution: Salaries of statisticians by type of employer (BLS data)

Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS. Remember that the BLS salaries are for
the specialty statisticians, and may differ signficantly from the ACS salary estimates which combine several career specialties.

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Salary growth for mathematical scientists

Is this a job that rewards experience, or is this job most likely a part of a
career ladder? The higher a job's *experience quotient*, the more experience is
rewarded with pay increases. Jobs in the green range have the best rewards
with experience.

Take a minute to look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working at each age change. Does this seem to be a job for the young or the old, or could it be a career offering steady salary growth for many years?

Salary distribution

Number employed

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

SOURCES:

Mathematical scientists and gender

With 46% women, this occupation has a higher percentage of women than 58% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce

Gender of Mathematical scientists

Men (54%)

Women (46%)

Distribution: Salaries by gender

The median salary for all full-time male workers in the US exceeds the full-time median salary for women by 19%. The situation is a little better for mathematical scientists, with the median salary for men 13% higher than the median salary for women.

Context: Salary Inequity

The chart below shows the salary inequity, the percentage by which the median men's salary is higher than the median women's salary for all but about 20 jobs in which women typically earn more than men.

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

SOURCES:

Race and origin of mathematical scientists

Here we check out the diversity of origin in this career. There is a higher percentage of minority mathematical scientists than for 90% of other careers. This career hires a larger percentage of foreign-born workers than most other careers.

Race/origin of mathematical scientists

White (67% )

Asian (24% )

Black (6% )

Multiracial (2% )

Other (1% )

American Indian (1% )

Hispanic (0% )

Pacific Islander (0% )

Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce

Context: Representation of foreign-born workers

Distribution: Salaries for mathematical scientists by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

Distribution: Salaries for mathematical scientists by nativity

Mathematical scientists and Part-time/Full-time employment

We've found that somes jobs hava a huge number of part-time workers, and that typically most who are working part-time are doing so because they cannot find full-time work or the job they have cannot provide full-time hours. With 8% part-time workers, this occupation has a lower percentage of part-time workers than 64% of careers.

Context: Part-time workers in the workforce

Why workers are part-time

Full-Time is less than 35 hours a week

Retired/Social Security limit on earnings

Could not find full-time work

Seasonal work

Slack work/business conditions

School/training

Health/medical limitations

Child care problems

Other family/personal obligations

Other reasons

Distribution: Salaries by part-time/full-time status

The salary distributions for full-time and part-time mathematical scientists is shown following.

SOURCES:

Pathways to this career

Education attained by statisticians

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), statisticians typically hold a master's degree.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as mathematical scientists as reported in responses to the American Community Survey.

Details: Education and training recommended for statisticians

Education attained by mathematical scientists

None

High School

Some College

Associate's/Cert.

Bachelor's Degree

Master's Degree

Professional Degree

Doctorate

Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for mathematical scientists? Below we see the distribution of mathematical scientists salaries based on the education attained.

College majors held by mathematical scientists

This table shows the college majors held by people working as mathematical scientists.

If you see "**" before the name of a degree/program, that means this field is one that the Department of Education believes is preparatory for this career. However, you can see from this list that those recommendations are far from your only path to this job!

Degree

Select any title to learn more about that degree

Percentage of Mathematical scientists with this degree

Salary for all majors

Salary distribution (across jobs). Showing 0-$200,000.

Median

Middle 50%

Middle 80%

Education

Final education level of all people with this major

Bachelor's Degree

Master's Degree

Doctorate/Professional

Gender

Gender of people this bachelor's degree

Men

Women

SOURCES:

The link between degrees and careers

With the following *sankey* diagram, you can follow the top ten bachelor's
degrees held by people working as mathematical scientists, and then, in turn, you can
see the 10 occupations that hire the most of each degree's graduates. We hope
this provides ideas for similar jobs and similar fields of study.

SOURCES:

What college major is your best entry?

About 91% of people working as mathematical scientists have at least a bachelor's degree. Each dot represents a college major leading to these jobs, with the dots to the right representing the majors sending the most of their grads into this career. The dots at the top are the majors who earn the most working in this career.

SOURCES:

Switching Careers

The most common next careers for mathematical scientists

What jobs will most mathematical scientists hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of mathematical scientists reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list?

SOURCES:

Lateral job transitions for mathematical scientists

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies all 9 jobs which were held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as mathematical scientists as well as 1% of respondents after working as mathematical scientists. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Prior and next careers for mathematical scientists: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as mathematical scientists? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of mathematical scientists surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view

Prior jobs

Next jobs

Variation by state

State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most statisticians? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as statisticians. You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

One important factor in the differences between ACS and BLS data is that the ACS numbers are for all mathematical scientists, comprised of all specialities listed in the menu bar, and you can choose to view the BLS at the specialty or full career level.

Choose the metric to review

Jobs per 1000 working

Number of jobs

Use this data source

BLS for this specialty

Number of Statisticians per 1,000 workers (BLS)

Select a state to see local area details

Salaries by state

Let's get a feel for where statisticians earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...

Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

**In-state comparisons**: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for mathematical scientists compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or**Median salary:**the unaltered median salaries for mathematical scientists.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information. The ACS salaries are for all mathematical scientists, which combines the specialities from which you can choose at the top of the page.

Choose the metric to review

Location-adjusted median salary

Median salary

Use this data source

BLS for this specialty

Location-adjusted median salary for Statisticians (BLS for this specialty)

The darkest shading corresponds to states in which statisticians earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.

Select a state to see local area details

Compare to similar jobs

If this job interests you, then use the tabs and education selector to find other careers that might be a good fit for you.

How should the career similarity be computed?

There are a number of ways to measure the similarity of jobs, here are a few we provide:

**Interests**: Also known as a Holland Code - Are you a thinker? A helper? What fits your personality?**Environment**: Are there hazards? Will you be comfortable? Will it be stressful?**Knowledge**: What do you need to know the most about?**Physical Abilities**: Do you need to especially strong or coordinated?