Mining and Geological Engineers
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Speciality
Overview
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Conduct subsurface surveys to identify the characteristics of potential land or mining development sites. May specify the ground support systems, processes, and equipment for safe, economical, and environmentally sound extraction or underground construction activities. May inspect areas for unsafe geological conditions, equipment, and working conditions. May design, implement, and coordinate mine safety programs.
Titles for this career often contain these words
EngineerMineSafetyMiningEngineeringManagerExplorationAnalystProjectRepresentativeFieldGeologicalGeophysicalDevelopmentSuperintendentEnvironmentalExpertProductionDirectorMineralOilWellEquipmentResearchConsultantOreDressingPlanningCoordinatorMonitorSupervisorSeismicSiteUnderground
Education
About 82% of petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers have at least a bachelor's degree.
Education attained by petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers
None
High School
Some College
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Degree
Doctorate
Context: workers with bachelor's degrees
More petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers have bachelor's degrees than 87% of other careeers.
Employment
Workforce size
Mining and geological engineers, with 5,900 workers, form a smaller workforce than 93% of careers.
Predicted employment growth
Over the next decade, jobs for mining and geological engineers are expected to grow by 3%, and should have about 500 job openings a year.
Safety from automation
Mining and geological engineers are less likely to be automated than 73% of other careers.
Salaries
Context: Median Salary
How do salaries for mining and geological engineers compare to other jobs' salaries?
Distribution: What salary can you expect?
See what most mining and geological engineers earn.
$91K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K
Gender
Women account for 12% of petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers -- that's a smaller percentage than 77% of other jobs.
Gender of petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers
Men
Women
Context: Salary inequity
For each career, we compared the median (middle) men's salary to the median women's salary. Women petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers actually earned more than men -- a very rare occurance among careers!
Race/Origin
About 20% of petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers are minority, and 23% are foreign-born.
Race/origin of petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Other
Context: Foreign-born workers (23%)
Where are the most jobs?
We ranked the number of jobs in Mining and Geological Engineers per thousand workers in each state, DC, and Puerto Rico. Blue indicates low density, with lighter shades moving to yellow indicating higher numbers working in this profession.
AKMEWIVTNHWAIDMTNDMNILMINYMAORUTWYSDIAINOHPANJCTRICANVCONEMOKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
Benefits
How do benefits for this career compare to other jobs?
Context: Employer offers health insurance
Worker concerns
Some jobs are more stressful than others, and some are just plain dangerous. The following list gives the percentages of mining and geological engineers who report hazardous or difficult situations typically occurring at least once a week.
  • Time Pressure (54%)
  • Exposed to Contaminants (44%)
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment (38%)
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety (36%)
SOURCES:
Salary and diversity
What do petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers earn?
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) provides company-reported job titles and corresonding salaries at the specialty level (mining and geological engineers). This data excludes self-employed workers.
Distribution: Salaries for mining and geological engineers (BLS Salary Data)
$91K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K
Context: Median salaries across careers (BLS Salary Data)
$91K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K
The American Community Survey (ACS) asks individuals to report their occupation and salary, and as such includes self-employed workers. This view of salaries is only available for all petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers.
Distribution: Salaries for petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers (ACS Salary Data)
$103K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K
Context: Median salaries across careers (ACS Salary Data)
$103K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K
Petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers: Inflation-adjusted salary trend
This job's median $97KAll jobs' median $45K$106K$44K070809101112131415161718$0$50K$100K$150K$200K
A look at employers and corresponding salaries
The donut shares the break-down of workers by employer type, giving us a picture of what employers most typically hire mining and geological engineers.
Employers of Petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers (ACS)
Private for-profit (95.6%)
Private not-for-profit (0.2%)
Local government (0.2%)
State government (0.2%)
Federal government (1.1%)
Self-employed incorporated (1.7%)
Self-employed not incorporated (1.0%)
Working without pay (0.0%)
Distribution: Salaries of petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers by type of employer (ACS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type calculated by aggregating individual household survey responses. These salaries were reported for the larger career group of petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers, which combines the 2 specialties for this career.
$103K$103K$88K$66K$0$50,000$100,000$150,000$200,000Federal governmentState governmentPrivate for-profitAll
Distribution: Salaries of mining and geological engineers by type of employer (BLS data)
Following are the salary distributions by employer type as reported by BLS based on large employer-focused surveys. We note that smaller employer categories are not included by BLS. Remember that the BLS salaries are for the specialty mining and geological engineers, and may differ signficantly from the ACS salary estimates which combine several career specialties.
$91K$0$50,000$100,000$150,000$200,000All

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Salary growth for petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers

Is this a job that rewards experience, or is this job most likely a part of a career ladder? The higher a job's experience quotient, the more experience is rewarded with pay increases. Jobs in the green range have the best rewards with experience.

Take a minute to look at how much you might expect your salary to increase with each five years' experience, as well as how the numbers working at each age change. Does this seem to be a job for the young or the old, or could it be a career offering steady salary growth for many years?

Salary distribution
$105K$85K$115K$105K$107K$127K$99K$107K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
Number employed
02K4K6K8K20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers and gender

With 12% women, this occupation has a lower percentage of women than 77% of careers.

Context: Women in the workforce
12%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Gender of Petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers
Men (88%)
Women (12%)
Distribution: Salaries by gender

Although nationally the median (middle) salary for all full-time male workers in the US exceeds the full-time median salary for women by 19%, in petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers, the median salary for women is 0% higher than the median salary for men.

$104K$103K$0$50K$100K$150K$200KWomenMen

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Race and origin of petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers

Here we check out the diversity of origin in this career. The percentage of minority petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers falls in about the middle of all careers' percentages. This career hires a larger percentage of foreign-born workers than most other careers.

Race/origin of petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers
White (79% )
Asian (11% )
Black (5% )
Multiracial (2% )
Other (1% )
American Indian (1% )
Hispanic (1% )
Context: Representation of minorities in the workforce
20%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Context: Representation of foreign-born workers
23%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: Salaries for petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers by race/origin

For some careers, there is a pay disparity depending on race or origin, though this is not prevalent. We calculate standard errors for all of our calculations, and when the error is high we do not show results. Therefore, for some jobs will have omitted race/origin categories.

$102K$105K$106K$117K$0$50K$100K$150K$200KWhiteOtherHispanicAsian
Distribution: Salaries for petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers by nativity
$101K$107K$0$50K$100K$150K$200KAll native citizensAll foreign-born

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

Petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers and Part-time/Full-time employment

We've found that somes jobs hava a huge number of part-time workers, and that typically most who are working part-time are doing so because they cannot find full-time work or the job they have cannot provide full-time hours. With 2% part-time workers, this occupation has a lower percentage of part-time workers than 94% of careers.

Context: Part-time workers in the workforce
2%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Why workers are part-time
Full-Time is less than 35 hours a week
Retired/Social Security limit on earnings
Could not find full-time work
Seasonal work
Slack work/business conditions
School/training
Health/medical limitations
Child care problems
Other family/personal obligations
Other reasons
Distribution: Salaries by part-time/full-time status

We only have enough data to accuarately show the salary distribution for full-time workers.

$103K$0$50K$100K$150K$200KFull-time workers
Pathways to this career
Education attained by mining and geological engineers

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), mining and geological engineers typically hold a bachelor's degree.

Sometimes the typical education identified by the BLS differs a bit from the reality of the how much education current workers actually have. The donut shows the education level held by people currently working as petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers as reported in responses to the American Community Survey.

Details: Education and training recommended for mining and geological engineers

High school students interested in entering mining or geological engineering programs in college should take courses in mathematics and science.

Relatively few schools offer mining engineering or geological engineering programs. Typical bachelor’s degree programs in mining engineering include courses in geology, physics, thermodynamics, mine design and safety, and mathematics. Bachelor’s degree programs in geological engineering typically include courses in geology, chemistry, fluid mechanics, physics, and mathematics. Both types of programs also include laboratory and field work, as well as traditional classroom study.

A related degree, such as civil or environmental engineering or geoscience, may be acceptable for some positions as a mining or geological engineer.

Programs in mining and geological engineering are accredited by ABET, whose accreditation is based on a program's faculty, curriculum, facilities, and other factors.

Master’s degree programs in mining and geological engineering typically are 2-year programs and include coursework in specialized subjects, such as mineral resource development and mining regulations. Some programs require a written thesis for graduation.

Details: Licensing and certification recommended for mining and geological engineers

Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as a mining or geological engineer. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires

  • A degree from an ABET-accredited engineering program
  • A passing score on the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam
  • Relevant work experience, typically at least 4 years
  • A passing score on the Professional Engineering (PE) exam

The initial FE exam can be taken after one earns a bachelor’s degree. Engineers who pass this exam are commonly called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After meeting work experience requirements, EITs and EIs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering.

In several states, engineers must earn continuing education credits to keep their licenses. Most states recognize licenses from other states, provided that licensure requirements in the other states meet or exceed the first state’s own requirements.

Education attained by petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers
None
High School
Some College
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Degree
Doctorate
Distribution: Salary by education level

What level of education is truly needed for petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers? Below we see the distribution of petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers salaries based on the education attained.

$69K$82K$105K$117K$133K$0$50K$100K$150K$200KHigh School (6%)Some College (7%)Bachelor's Degree (57%)Master's Degree (20%)Doctorate (4%)

We only include salary data when the survey error is less than 20%, so you may see only partial information for some categories.

College majors held by petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers

This table shows the college majors held by people working as petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers.

If you see "**" before the name of a degree/program, that means this field is one that the Department of Education believes is preparatory for this career. However, you can see from this list that those recommendations are far from your only path to this job!

Percentage of Petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers with this degree
Salary for all majors
Salary distribution (across jobs). Showing 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
Final education level of all people with this major
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate/Professional
Gender
Gender of people this bachelor's degree
Men
Women
The link between degrees and careers

With the following sankey diagram, you can follow the top ten bachelor's degrees held by people working as petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers, and then, in turn, you can see the 10 occupations that hire the most of each degree's graduates. We hope this provides ideas for similar jobs and similar fields of study.

Petroleum, mining, mining...Specialized ManagersSpecialized EngineersChief executives and legi...Civil EngineersManagement AnalystsFirst-Line Supervisors of...General and Operations Ma...Industrial and Health/Saf...Architectural and Enginee...Mechanical EngineersSoftware DevelopersAerospace EngineersProject Management Specia...Electrical and electronic...Chemical EngineersPostsecondary TeachersSpecialized Physical Scie...PhysiciansComputer and Information ...Computer ProgrammersConstruction ManagersFirst-Line Supervisors of...Geoscientists and Hydrolo...Environmental Scientists ...Elementary and Middle Sch...Secondary School TeachersChemists and materials sc...Specialized Life Scientis...PharmacistsDentistsAccountants and AuditorsFinancial ManagersFirst-Line Supervisors of...Wholesale and Manufacturi...Labor Relations Specialis...First-Line Supervisors of...Customer Service Represen...Petroleum EngineeringMechanical EngineeringGeneral EngineeringChemical EngineeringElectrical EngineeringCivil EngineeringMining and MineralEngineeringGeology and Earth ScienceChemistryBusiness Management andAdministrationAll other degreesThis jobTop 10 majorsEach major's top ten jobs
What college major is your best entry?

About 82% of people working as petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers have at least a bachelor's degree. Each dot represents a college major leading to these jobs, with the dots to the right representing the majors sending the most of their grads into this career. The dots at the top are the majors who earn the most working in this career.

Darker colors have a larger percentage with graduate degreesOverall median salary0.0%2.0%4.0%6.0%8.0%10.0%12.0%14.0%16.0%18.0%20.0%Percentage with this major$60,000$80,000$100,000$120,000$140,000$160,000$180,000$200,000Median salary with this major
Switching Careers
The most common next careers for petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers

What jobs will most petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers hold next year?

The data in this chart comes from person interviews for the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The survey interviews households eight times over a two-year period, allowing us a glimpse into how people move from job to job. You can see more details from the results of the survey in our last tab in this section, and you can read about our methodology in our source descriptions.

Here we see all of the jobs that at least 1% of petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers reported holding in their second year's survey. Is your future job on this list?

Petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineersChemical EngineersSpecialized EngineersCivil EngineersMechanical EngineersNursing, psychiatric, and home health aidesSpecialized Physical ScientistsAccountants and AuditorsOil, gas, and mining derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators androustaboutsSpecialized production workers, including computer-controlled tooloperatorsSales EngineersStationary Engineers and Boiler OperatorsFirst-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction WorkersBuilding CleanersGeneral and Operations ManagersFarmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers
Lateral job transitions for petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers

A lateral career transition is a move to a job with similar pay and responsibilities. A move to such a job can offer a change of pace without an increase in stress or a decrease in pay. The following table simply identifies all 8 jobs which were held by at least 1% of survey respondents before working as petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers as well as 1% of respondents after working as petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers. Select a row to investigate the job's full description and determine if it truly offers an opportunity for a lateral transition.

Employed
How many people have this job?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
No degree
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate/Professional
Gender
Men
Women
Prior and next careers for petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers: full listings

What do people typically do before and after they work as petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers? Here are the full lists of all jobs that at least 1% of petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers surveyed reported as holding a year earlier or later.

Choose which type of transition to view
Prior jobs
Next jobs
Employed
How many people have this job?
Salary
Salary distribution for people in this occupation. Range is 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
No degree
Associate's/Cert.
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate/Professional
Gender
Men
Women
Percentage Transitioning
What percentage worked in this job the previous year?
Variation by state
State-by-state employment numbers

Some careers tend to be centered in specific parts of the country. For example, most jobs in fashion are in New York or California. Let's see if your dream job is easy to find in your dream location! We have a few choices for viewing the data that can help you get a full employment picture.

Job density versus job count

Which states hire the most mining and geological engineers? We wonder if that's a fair question since states come in all sizes, so instead let's start with the question of which states have the highest density of people working as mining and geological engineers. You can choose to view the number of jobs per state if you prefer.

BLS vs ACS data

This map defaults to employment information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which provides job totals carefully compiled for accuracy and with a primary focus on how employers describe their workers. The BLS job totals do not count self-employed workers. We've also compiled totals using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) which are based on how workers describe themselves. Sometimes ACS results are quite a bit different from the employer-based BLS data.

One important factor in the differences between ACS and BLS data is that the ACS numbers are for all petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers, comprised of all specialities listed in the menu bar, and you can choose to view the BLS at the specialty or full career level.

Choose the metric to review
Jobs per 1000 working
Number of jobs
Use this data source
BLS for this specialty
Number of Mining and Geological Engineers per 1,000 workers (BLS)
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEWIVTNHWAIDMTNDMNILMINYMAORUTWYSDIAINOHPANJCTRICANVCONEMOKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
0.00.20.40.6
Salaries by state
Let's get a feel for where mining and geological engineers earn the highest salaries. There are several choices for which data we consider and how we view that data, and each can lead to different conclusions, so please read on...
Median salary versus state ratio

We use two methods to compare salaries across states:

  • In-state comparisons: the ratio of median (middle) salaries for petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers compared to the median salary for all people working in each state, or
  • Median salary: the unaltered median salaries for petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers.

We hope the ratio allows perspective about how salaries may compare to the regional cost-of-living.

BLS vs ACS data

We have two sources for statewide salary information with important distinctions. The BLS data is created by surveying companies, missing individuals who are self-employed or work for smaller companies. The ACS data is compiled from multi-faceted household surveys and may reflect the inconsistencies that people may have in reporting information. The ACS salaries are for all petroleum, mining, mining safety, and geological engineers, which combines the specialities from which you can choose at the top of the page.

Choose the metric to review
Location-adjusted median salary
Median salary
Use this data source
BLS for this specialty
Location-adjusted median salary for Mining and Geological Engineers (BLS for this specialty)
The darkest shading corresponds to states in which mining and geological engineers earn the highest salary when compared to other jobs in the state. We think this ratio might be a better indicator than the actual salary for your buying power as a state resident.
Select a state to see local area details
AKMEWIVTNHWAIDMTNDMNILMINYMAORUTWYSDIAINOHPANJCTRICANVCONEMOKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
$0$50K$100K$150K
Compare to similar jobs

If this job interests you, then use the tabs and education selector to find other careers that might be a good fit for you.

How should the career similarity be computed?

There are a number of ways to measure the similarity of jobs, here are a few we provide:

  • Interests: Also known as a Holland Code - Are you a thinker? A helper? What fits your personality?
  • Environment: Are there hazards? Will you be comfortable? Will it be stressful?
  • Knowledge: What do you need to know the most about?
  • Physical Abilities: Do you need to especially strong or coordinated?