German Studies
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Overview
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German studies is a program that focuses on the history, society, politics, culture, and economics of germany, the neighboring countries of austria and switzerland, the German minorities in neighboring European countries, and the historical areas of German influence across europe and overseas.
Current award levels
Hover over the bars below to see how many people across the country completed a degree in German studies at each level last year.
020406080100120Bachelor's DegreeMaster's DegreeResearch Doctorate
People with this bachelor's degree have gone to work in these careers
Lawyers, judges, and magistrat...Managers (specialized areas)Postsecondary teachersEducation administratorsSocial workersSecretaries and administrative...CounselorsRegistered nursesRetail salespersonsLibrarians
Area, Ethnic, and Civilization Studies majors work in these careers, which are sized by percentage of majors in the career (at least 1%) and colored by the predominant level of education.
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Deg/Doct
Doctorate
Race/origin of recent graduates
Here is an overview of race/origin for all German studies graduates from this last academic year. We found a higher percentage of international graduates in this program than in 76% of other programs.
Race/Origin
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Not Reported
International
Context: Percentage of Minority Graduates
Minority students comprise a lower percentage of graduates than in 85% of other programs.
Gender
Of all people with any degree in German studies earned in the last academic year, 61% were women.
Gender
Men
Women
Context: Percentage women
This is a lower percentage of women than 41% of other programs.
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Salary
The Census Bureau provides salary data for people with bachelor's degrees in area, ethnic, and civilization studies, which includes German studies and 36 other programs.
Context: Median Salary
People with a degree in area, ethnic, and civilization studies have a median salary of $58,228.
Context: Benefit of a master's
About 50% of these bachelor's graduates also have a graduate degree, perhaps in a different field. Salaries improved by approximately 36% over those holding only the bachelor's degree for those with subsequent graduate degrees.
Employment
As with our salary data, this data applies to all who earned a bachelor's degree in area, ethnic, and civilization studies, which consists of 37 programs.
Context: Unemployment Rate
With an unemployment rate of 3.4%, this degree's majors who are in the workforce are less likely than the bachelor's graduates of 23% other fields to be employed.
Context: Self Employed Workers
About 8% of workers who earned a bachelor's in area, ethnic, and civilization studies are self-employed.
Top careers
Following are the most frequent jobs held by people who earned a bachelor's degree in Area, Ethnic, and Civilization Studies (which combines 37 programs), perhaps followed by additional education in any field. There is a fun exploration of related degrees and careers under Explore Careers below.
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Staring Salaries and College Debt by Award
How are students who recently completed a degree in German Studies doing?

New data from College Scorecard gives us a glimpse into the earnings and debt for recent graduates in their first year or two after leaving school. Shown is the distribution of the medians reported for all schools with graduates in the given program/award level.

Starting salaries by award level
$32K$0$10K$20K$30K$40K$50KBachelor's Degree
Median cumulative federal loan amount
$21K$0$10K$20K$30KBachelor's Degree
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Salary and Employment for Majors
Understanding this data
This section's data applies to people with a bachelor's degree in German studies
Employment overview
Percentage of area, ethnic, and civilization studies bachelor's graduates who are working

Does getting a bachelor's degree in area, ethnic, and civilization studies lead to a secure job? The donut chart shows the percentage area, ethnic, and civilization studies majors who are working along with a broad view of where they work. We note:

  • Self-employed workers include those working in a family-owned business.
  • Government workers can be in local, state or federal governments.

Technically, about 18.3% of area, ethnic, and civilization studies graduates are currently not working. However, only 3.4% are classified as "unemployed," while 14.9% are "not in the workforce." Unfortunately, we have no way of knowing whether people are out of the workforce for personal reasons or because they have been unable to find work for an extended period.

82%
Percentage working by type of employer
Government
Federal government
State government
Local government
Self-employed
Self Emp. Incoporated
Self Emp. Not Incorp.
Private not-for-profit
Private for-profit
total
Context: Unemployment rates

This chart lets you see whether area, ethnic, and civilization studies majors have better unemployment rates than bachelor's graduates from other fields. In the shaded box plot, the percentage of unemployed with this degree is shown in blue, along with the distribution of the percentage of unemployed graduates for each bachelor's degree field.

3.4%0.0%1.0%2.0%3.0%4.0%5.0%
Salary overview
Typical salaries for area, ethnic, and civilization studies majors

How does the median (middle) salary for area, ethnic, and civilization studies majors compare to the median salaries for other majors? The chart below compares the median salaries for all bachelor's graduates by major. Here and everywhere that we discuss salary, we limit the population to those with bachelor's degrees who report working at least 35 hours a week and are aged 65 and younger.

Context: median salaries
$58,228$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000
Distribution: Salaries by Employer

Above we compared the median salaries earned across college majors. Now we'll view the full salary range for area, ethnic, and civilization studies majors. The charts below show the full distribution of salaries for this degree alone, with a look at how the type of employer might affect that salary. This salary includes all people who may also have received graduate education in this or any field. You can tease out the importance of graduate education in the last tab in the section.

$62K$59K$56K$56K$49K$67K$87K$58K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250KLocal government (10.6% )State government (9.5% )Private not-for-profit (20.8% )Private for-profit (45.2% )Self Emp. Not Incorp. (4.2% )Self Emp. Incoporated (4.0% )Federal government (5.7% )Overall (100%)

Note that we do not include salary data when the survey standard error is higher than 20% of the salary. Therefore, some categories may be missing or may only provide partial salary ranges. To provide salary breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, age, and other factors. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of these characteristics on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

The battle of the sexes
Gender and success for area, ethnic, and civilization studies majors

The donut chart shows the gender balance for all people with a bachelor's degree in area, ethnic, and civilization studies. In the graphs that follow, we'll explore how these percentages compare to other bachelor's holders, and we'll also investigate the impact of gender on pay.

Gender
Men (37%)
Women (63%)
Context: Gender representation

How does the gender balance change according to college major? In the chart below, we see that area, ethnic, and civilization studies has more women than most other degrees.

63%37%0%20%40%60%80%100%WomenMen
Distribution: salaries by gender

The chart below shows the distribution of salaries by gender of area, ethnic, and civilization studies majors who are working 35 or more hours and are 65 or younger. If salaries are balanced for men and women, the blue and pink bars will be about the same. Many programs' graduates struggle with men's wages higher at all points of the salary distribution, including significantly higher top salaries.

$64K$55K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250KWomenMen
Context: Salary inequity

For area, ethnic, and civilization studies graduates, men generally earn 18% more than women. This is better than many: 73% of programs have graduates with higher salary inequities.

18%18%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Age and Advancement
Insights from the ages of area, ethnic, and civilization studies bachelor's-holders

The ages of people in the US with a bachelor's degree in area, ethnic, and civilization studies can give us a hint about whether this degree is in-fashion or out-of-fashion. A higher percentage of older people with a degree suggests that newer degree options have edged out this degree for recent graduates. Likewise, a higher percentage of younger people with a degree may suggest that this degree has become more popular in recent years.

Careeer Advancement

What entry-level pay should you expect in your first job, and is the mid-level pay significantly higher? Below we see salary distributions by age group for area, ethnic, and civilization studies graduates who are working 35 or more hours weekly. Is there room for advancement in careers that stem from this degree?

$28K$43K$70K$69K$73K$76K$56K$76K$73K$0$50K$100K$150K$200KSalaries by age20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
010K20K30KNumber with major20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

Note that we do not include salary data when the survey standard error is higher than 20% of the salary. Therefore, some categories may be missing or may only provide partial salary ranges. To provide salary breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, age, and other factors. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of these characteristics on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Need for higher degrees
Is a bachelor's degree all you need?

Can area, ethnic, and civilization studies majors earn a high salary without obtaining a graduate degree? Below, we dive into the prevalence of graduate degrees for area, ethnic, and civilization studies majors, and we explore how much a graduate degree can be expected to increase salaries. Among all German studies completions reported last year, 100% were at the bachelor's level or higher, including 12% at the graduate level.

Most recent completions in German studies
0-1 Year Certificate
1-2 Year Certificate
2-4 Year Certificate
Associate's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Postbaccalaureate Cert
Master's Degree
Post-master's Cert
Professional Deg/Doct
Research Doctorate
Other Doctorate
Context: Graduate degrees in any field by undergraduate ACS degree

The donut shows the degree levels awarded in German studies today. Now we'll use American Community Survey (ACS) data and look at all workers in the US who majored in area, ethnic, and civilization studies when in college.

We know that about 50% area, ethnic, and civilization studies majors chose to also earn a graduate degree (but we do not know the graduate field of study). The percentage of area, ethnic, and civilization studies majors who also earned a graduate degree is higher than about 72% of other fields.

50%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: area, ethnic, and civilization studies majors' salaries by education level

We saw above that 50% earned a graduate degree after earning a bachelor's in area, ethnic, and civilization studies, but was this necessary for earning a good salary? We can see this answer in two ways. First, we can see the salary distribution for people with a bachelor's in area, ethnic, and civilization studies by their highest education attained. Remember, we only know the field for the bachelor's degree; the graduate degree can be in any field.

$48K$65K$86K$78K$0$50K$100K$150K$200KBachelor's DegreeMaster's DegreeResearch DoctorateProfessional Deg/Doct

Note that we do not include salary data when the survey standard error is higher than 20% of the salary. Therefore, some categories may be missing or may only provide partial salary ranges. To provide salary breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, age, and other factors. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of these characteristics on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Context: Percentage boost obtained with a graduate degree

The second way that we can explore the impact of higher education on salary is to compare median salaries for workers with each level of education. We measure the percentage increase over the bachelor's salary that each higher degree achieved, and contrast that with similar measurements for other fields.

Sure, we think a higher degree would almost always help salary, but are there some majors that "need" a higher degree (in either the same or a new field) more than others in order to reach their earnings potential?

36%62%81%0%50%100%150%Bachelor's to Master'sBachelor's to Research DoctorateBachelor's to Professional Doctorate
Explore Careers
Careers for area, ethnic, and civilization studies majors
Careers for area, ethnic, and civilization studies majors

As we explained at the start of the previous section "Salary and Employment for Majors", the career data in all of these tabs is supported by the American Community Survey (ACS), which provides career information based on the broad degree area, ethnic, and civilization studies. For of the career statistics we report here, we consider all bachelor-holders in German studies and 36 other programs to fall under the ACS data we aggregated for the area, ethnic, and civilization studies degree.

Here we look at ACS survey respondents across the US with a bachelor's degree in area, ethnic, and civilization studies, and we see their top careers. You can explore the salary distributions for all people in those careers, as well as the typical education help by workers in that job. If you see ** before the job name, that tells you that the Department of Education recommends this job for people with a degree in German studies. We did not find always find a strong correlation between that advice and where people were working.

Career
Select any column header to sort by that column, and select any row to explore that career.
Salary
Salary distribution 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Percentage with degree who are in job
Lawyers, judges, and magistrates
$0$200K$94K
6.8%
Elementary and middle school teachers
$0$200K$52K
6.8%
Managers (specialized areas)
$0$200K$73K
4.6%
**Postsecondary teachers
$0$200K$63K
4.5%
Education administrators
$0$200K$70K
2.6%
Social workers
$0$200K$44K
2.0%
Secretaries and administrative assistants
$0$200K$37K
1.9%
Physicians and surgeons
$0$200K$76K
1.9%
Counselors
$0$200K$45K
1.9%
Social and community service managers
$0$200K$55K
1.7%
Management analysts
$0$200K$78K
1.7%
First-line supervisors of retail sales workers
$0$200K$40K
1.6%
Secondary school teachers
$0$200K$54K
1.6%
Chief executives and legislators
$0$200K$96K
1.5%
Human resources workers
$0$200K$55K
1.4%
Customer service representatives
$0$200K$32K
1.3%
Marketing and sales managers
$0$200K$75K
1.3%
Accountants and auditors
$0$200K$61K
1.3%
Registered nurses
$0$200K$64K
1.2%
General and operations managers
$0$200K$68K
1.1%
Other routes to the top ten careers
Other majors that are hired by the top ten area, ethnic, and civilization studies careers

Take a minute with this sankey diagram, and use your mouse/touch to explore. You can follow the top ten jobs held by area, ethnic, and civilization studies graduates, and then, in turn, you can see the largest 10 degrees hired by each of those careers. We hope this gives you a glimpse at where you can most realistically hope to get a job with this degree, but also see alternatives for the same employment options. It's worth noting that for many degrees, the top ten jobs don't account for even half of the graduates. The data warns us / encourages us that a degree is only one piece of the puzzle that determines where we land.

Political Science and GovernmentHistoryEnglish Language and LiteratureEconomicsPsychologyBusiness Management and AdministrationGeneral BusinessPhilosophy and Religious StudiesAccountingCriminal Justice and Fire ProtectionElementary EducationGeneral EducationSpecial Needs EducationEarly Childhood EducationArt and Music EducationLanguage and Drama EducationLiberal ArtsBiologyMathematicsNursingChemistryPhysicsElectrical EngineeringMechanical EngineeringMarketingFinanceCommunicationsSocial WorkSociologyFamily and Consumer SciencesHuman Services and Community OrganizationBiochemical SciencesHealth and Medical Preparatory ProgramsMultidisciplinary or General ScienceZoologyMicrobiologyPhysiologyCounseling PsychologyComputer ScienceLawyers, judges, andmagistratesElementary and middleschool teachersPostsecondary teachersManagers (specializedareas)Education administratorsSocial workersPhysicians and surgeonsSecretaries andadministrative assistantsCounselorsManagement analystsAll othersThis degreeTop 10 CareersTop 10 degrees hired
Where can I complete this program?
What schools offer this program?
Explore similar programs

German Studies is part of a larger collection of programs: Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies. Is there a different program that's close to German Studies that might be a better match for your interests? You can use this table to see a little about the programs that fall under this umbrella. If you click on any of the table headers, that will sort the table by that column, or click on a row and see Ididio's profile for that program.

Program
Graduates
Award Levels
Less than Bachelor's
Bachelor's
Graduate
Gender
Men
Women
Race/Origin
White
Minority
International
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