Journalism
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Overview
Journalism is a program that focuses on the theory and practice of gathering, processing, and delivering news and that prepares individuals to be professional print journalists, news editors, and news managers. includes instruction in news writing and editing; reporting; photojournalism; layout and graphic design; journalism law and policy; professional standards and ethics; research methods; and journalism history and criticism.
Current award levels
Hover over the bars below to see how many people across the country completed a degree in journalism at each level last year.
05K10K15K0-1 Year Certificate1-2 Year CertificateAssociate's DegreeBachelor's DegreePostbaccalaureate CertMaster's DegreeResearch Doctorate
Race/origin of recent graduates
Here is an overview of race/origin for all journalism graduates from this last academic year. We found a higher percentage of international graduates in this program than in 53% of other programs.
Race/Origin
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Not Reported
International
Context: Percentage of Minority Graduates
Minority students comprise a lower percentage of graduates than in 59% of other programs.
Gender
Of all people with any degree in journalism earned in the last academic year, 68% were women.
Gender
Men
Women
Context: Percentage women
This is a higher percentage of women than 67% of other programs.
Salary
The Census Bureau provides salary data for people with bachelor's degrees in journalism, which includes journalism (which unfortunately has the same name) and 5 other programs.
Context: Median Salary
People with a degree in journalism have a median salary of $56,743.
Context: Benefit of a master's
About 25% of these bachelor's graduates also have a graduate degree, perhaps in a different field. Salaries improved by approximately 19% over those holding only the bachelor's degree for those with subsequent graduate degrees.
Employment
As with our salary data, this data applies to all who earned a bachelor's degree in journalism, which consists of 6 programs.
Context: Unemployment Rate
With an unemployment rate of 3.4%, this degree's majors who are in the workforce are less likely than the bachelor's graduates of 23% other fields to be employed.
Context: Self Employed Workers
About 10% of workers who earned a bachelor's in journalism are self-employed.
Top careers
Following are the most frequent jobs held by people who earned a bachelor's degree in Journalism (which combines 6 programs), perhaps followed by additional education in any field. There is a fun exploration of related degrees and careers under Explore Careers below.
Completions History
Salary and Employment for Majors
Understanding this data
This section's data is for bachelor's recipients of several programs including journalism

This section is informed by household surveys collected for the American Community Survey (ACS). For each person in the households surveyed, we learn about their college major (if applicable), final educational attainment, age, occupation, salary, and more. Using the ACS data lets us share something about what financial and career outcomes people can expect after majoring in a particular field in college.

Within our program pages, Ididio details over 1700 programs. However, the ACS surveys only report on 170 college major degrees. There is no published crosswalk between the programs and degrees. Some of the programs we describe are mostly offered as certificates or graduate programs, and don't make sense as college majors. For the remaining programs, we created a mapping to the best-fitting ACS degree designation.

We placed journalism within the ACS journalism degree designation, which contains a total of 6 programs. Note that both the program on this page and the ACS degree are named journalism. When we discuss salary and employment data throughout this section, journalism refers to the larger ACS degree.

All of the data that follows is for individuals who earned a bachelor's degree with a major in the degree journalism. While we compile data on those who also received graduate education, unfortunately ACS does not record the subject area for graduate degrees.

Programs included in the ACS journalism degree
Broadcast Journalism
Agricultural Communication/Journalism
Radio and Television
Photojournalism
Journalism
Special Studies in Journalism
Employment overview
Percentage of journalism bachelor's graduates who are working

Does getting a bachelor's degree in journalism lead to a secure job? The donut chart shows the percentage journalism majors who are working along with a broad view of where they work. We note:

  • Self-employed workers include those working in a family-owned business.
  • Government workers can be in local, state or federal governments.

Technically, about 17.1% of journalism graduates are currently not working. However, only 3.4% are classified as "unemployed," while 13.7% are "not in the workforce." Unfortunately, we have no way of knowing whether people are out of the workforce for personal reasons or because they have been unable to find work for an extended period.

83%
Percentage working by type of employer
Government
Federal government
State government
Local government
Self-employed
Self Emp. Incoporated
Self Emp. Not Incorp.
Private not-for-profit
Private for-profit
total
Context: Unemployment rates

This chart lets you see whether journalism majors have better unemployment rates than bachelor's graduates from other fields. In the shaded box plot, the percentage of unemployed with this degree is shown in blue, along with the distribution of the percentage of unemployed graduates for each bachelor's degree field.

3.4%0.0%1.0%2.0%3.0%4.0%5.0%
Salary overview
Typical salaries for journalism majors

How does the median (middle) salary for journalism majors compare to the median salaries for other majors? The chart below compares the median salaries for all bachelor's graduates by major. Here and everywhere that we discuss salary, we limit the population to those with bachelor's degrees who report working at least 35 hours a week and are aged 65 and younger.

Context: median salaries
$56,743$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000
Distribution: Salaries by Employer

Above we compared the median salaries earned across college majors. Now we'll view the full salary range for journalism majors. The charts below show the full distribution of salaries for this degree alone, with a look at how the type of employer might affect that salary. This salary includes all people who may also have received graduate education in this or any field. You can tease out the importance of graduate education in the last tab in the section.

$58K$56K$56K$41K$55K$62K$83K$57K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250KPrivate for-profit (61.7% )State government (6.6% )Private not-for-profit (12.4% )Self Emp. Not Incorp. (5.2% )Local government (6.4% )Self Emp. Incoporated (4.6% )Federal government (3.0% )Overall (100%)

Note that we do not include salary data when the survey standard error is higher than 20% of the salary. Therefore, some categories may be missing or may only provide partial salary ranges. To provide salary breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, age, and other factors. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of these characteristics on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

The battle of the sexes
Gender and success for journalism majors

The donut chart shows the gender balance for all people with a bachelor's degree in journalism. In the graphs that follow, we'll explore how these percentages compare to other bachelor's holders, and we'll also investigate the impact of gender on pay.

Gender
Men (44%)
Women (56%)
Context: Gender representation

How does the gender balance change according to college major? In the chart below, we see that journalism has more women than most other degrees.

56%44%0%20%40%60%80%100%WomenMen
Distribution: salaries by gender

The chart below shows the distribution of salaries by gender of journalism majors who are working 35 or more hours and are 65 or younger. If salaries are balanced for men and women, the blue and pink bars will be about the same. Many programs' graduates struggle with men's wages higher at all points of the salary distribution, including significantly higher top salaries.

$62K$54K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250KWomenMen
Context: Salary inequity

For journalism graduates, men generally earn 15% more than women. This is better than many: 84% of programs have graduates with higher salary inequities.

15%15%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Age and Advancement
Insights from the ages of journalism bachelor's-holders

The ages of people in the US with a bachelor's degree in journalism can give us a hint about whether this degree is in-fashion or out-of-fashion. A higher percentage of older people with a degree suggests that newer degree options have edged out this degree for recent graduates. Likewise, a higher percentage of younger people with a degree may suggest that this degree has become more popular in recent years.

Careeer Advancement

What entry-level pay should you expect in your first job, and is the mid-level pay significantly higher? Below we see salary distributions by age group for journalism graduates who are working 35 or more hours weekly. Is there room for advancement in careers that stem from this degree?

$73K$29K$65K$55K$67K$67K$43K$66K$63K$0$50K$100K$150KSalaries by age20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
020K40K60KNumber with major20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

Note that we do not include salary data when the survey standard error is higher than 20% of the salary. Therefore, some categories may be missing or may only provide partial salary ranges. To provide salary breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, age, and other factors. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of these characteristics on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Need for higher degrees
Is a bachelor's degree all you need?

Can journalism majors earn a high salary without obtaining a graduate degree? Below, we dive into the prevalence of graduate degrees for journalism majors, and we explore how much a graduate degree can be expected to increase salaries. Among all journalism completions reported last year, 96% were at the bachelor's level or higher, including 10% at the graduate level.

Most recent completions in journalism
0-1 Year Certificate
1-2 Year Certificate
2-4 Year Certificate
Associate's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Postbaccalaureate Cert
Master's Degree
Post-master's Cert
Professional Deg/Doct
Research Doctorate
Other Doctorate
Context: Graduate degrees in any field by undergraduate ACS degree

The donut shows the degree levels awarded in journalism today. Now we'll use American Community Survey (ACS) data and look at all workers in the US who majored in journalism when in college.

We know that about 25% journalism majors chose to also earn a graduate degree (but we do not know the graduate field of study). The percentage of journalism majors also earned a graduate degree is near the middle in comparison to other fields.

25%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: journalism majors' salaries by education level

We saw above that 25% earned a graduate degree after earning a bachelor's in journalism, but was this necessary for earning a good salary? We can see this answer in two ways. First, we can see the salary distribution for people with a bachelor's in journalism by their highest education attained. Remember, we only know the field for the bachelor's degree; the graduate degree can be in any field.

$64K$53K$80K$75K$0$50K$100K$150K$200KBachelor's DegreeMaster's DegreeResearch DoctorateProfessional Deg/Doct

Note that we do not include salary data when the survey standard error is higher than 20% of the salary. Therefore, some categories may be missing or may only provide partial salary ranges. To provide salary breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, age, and other factors. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of these characteristics on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Context: Percentage boost obtained with a graduate degree

The second way that we can explore the impact of higher education on salary is to compare median salaries for workers with each level of education. We measure the percentage increase over the bachelor's salary that each higher degree achieved, and contrast that with similar measurements for other fields.

Sure, we think a higher degree would almost always help salary, but are there some majors that "need" a higher degree (in either the same or a new field) more than others in order to reach their earnings potential?

19%40%50%0%50%100%150%Bachelor's to Master'sBachelor's to Research DoctorateBachelor's to Professional Doctorate
Explore Careers
Careers for journalism majors
Careers for journalism majors

As we explained at the start of the previous section "Salary and Employment for Majors", the career data in all of these tabs is supported by the American Community Survey (ACS), which provides career information based on the broad degree journalism. For of the career statistics we report here, we consider all bachelor-holders in journalism and 5 other programs to fall under the ACS data we aggregated for the journalism degree.

Here we look at ACS survey respondents across the US with a bachelor's degree in journalism, and we see their top careers. You can explore the salary distributions for all people in those careers, as well as the typical education help by workers in that job. If you see ** before the job name, that tells you that the Department of Education recommends this job for people with a degree in journalism. We did not find always find a strong correlation between that advice and where people were working.

Career
Select any column header to sort by that column, and select any row to explore that career.
Salary
Salary distribution 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Percentage with degree who are in job
Managers (specialized areas)
$0$200K$72K
5.3%
**News analysts, reporters and correspondents
$0$200K$50K
5.0%
**Editors
$0$200K$53K
4.5%
Marketing and sales managers
$0$200K$74K
4.0%
Lawyers, judges, and magistrates
$0$200K$93K
3.5%
**Writers and authors
$0$200K$53K
3.4%
Elementary and middle school teachers
$0$200K$51K
3.2%
Public Relations Specialists
$0$200K$60K
2.5%
Producers and directors
$0$200K$60K
2.5%
Chief executives and legislators
$0$200K$96K
2.2%
Customer service representatives
$0$200K$32K
1.8%
Secretaries and administrative assistants
$0$200K$36K
1.8%
First-line supervisors of retail sales workers
$0$200K$39K
1.7%
Market research analysts and marketing specialists
$0$200K$63K
1.6%
**Postsecondary teachers
$0$200K$62K
1.6%
Wholesale and manufacturing sales representatives
$0$200K$61K
1.4%
Public relations and fundraising managers
$0$200K$76K
1.4%
Education administrators
$0$200K$68K
1.4%
Service sales representatives
$0$200K$57K
1.3%
Human resources workers
$0$200K$54K
1.3%
Other routes to the top ten careers
Other majors that are hired by the top ten journalism careers

Take a minute with this sankey diagram, and use your mouse/touch to explore. You can follow the top ten jobs held by journalism graduates, and then, in turn, you can see the largest 10 degrees hired by each of those careers. We hope this gives you a glimpse at where you can most realistically hope to get a job with this degree, but also see alternatives for the same employment options. It's worth noting that for many degrees, the top ten jobs don't account for even half of the graduates. The data warns us / encourages us that a degree is only one piece of the puzzle that determines where we land.

This Degree
Top 10 careers
Top 10 degrees hired
JournalismCommunicationsEnglish Language and LiteratureMass MediaPolitical Science and GovernmentHistoryGeneral BusinessBusiness Management and AdministrationPsychologyLiberal ArtsAccountingElectrical EngineeringMechanical EngineeringEconomicsMarketingFinanceFilm Video and Photographic ArtsFine ArtsComposition and RhetoricPhilosophy and Religious StudiesCriminal Justice and Fire ProtectionElementary EducationGeneral EducationSpecial Needs EducationEarly Childhood EducationArt and Music EducationLanguage and Drama EducationAdvertising and Public RelationsDrama and Theater ArtsNews analysts, reportersand correspondentsManagers (specializedareas)EditorsMarketing and salesmanagersLawyers, judges, andmagistratesWriters and authorsElementary and middleschool teachersPublic Relations SpecialistsProducers and directorsChief executives andlegislatorsAll others
Jobs that choose journalism majors
What careers hire journalism majors as one of their top 10?

What jobs are especially seeking you out? The previous section let you explore the top ten jobs for people who earn bachelor's degrees in this field. Now we turn the tables a bit. What jobs have journalism as one of the top ten majors they hire? Take this with a grain of salt, though, since some majors have more than 100,000 annual graduates and others have only a few thousand. Maybe employers would hire more of certain low-number majors if they could be found. In the bottom Sankey box, we show you the proportion of journalism majors that are accounted for by the top 10 jobs -- there are a myriad of other options for most majors.

Careers where this degree is a top 10 hire
Degrees
Advertising and promotions managersMarketing and sales managersAdvertising sales agentsPublic Relations SpecialistsProofreaders and copy markersEditorsNews analysts, reporters and correspondentsAnnouncersTelevision, video, and motion picture camera operators and editorsMarket research analysts and marketing specialistsFundraisersPublic relations and fundraising managersTechnical writersProducers and directorsPhotographersMedia and communication workers (specialized areas)ActorsWeb developersWriters and authorsAll other careersJournalismAll other degrees
Where can I complete this program?
What schools offer this program?
Explore schools that offer journalism degrees and certificates

We've created a list of schools that offer this program for the level you select. We've also chosen a few facts about each school that give you an idea of the educational quality each school might offer:

  • Student-Faculty Ratio: A small number of students per full-time instructor suggests individual attention for each student and an up-to-date curriculum.

  • Satisfaction Rate: A high percentage of returning first-year students should correlate with satisfaction (schools call this their retention rate).

  • Repayment Rate: A high repayment rate means most alumni earn enough to make progress repaying loans within 7 years of leaving.

We also show the total enrollment for the school as measured by full-time-equivalent (FTE) students enrolled annually. You can filter the list by award level and by state. Clicking on any table headers will sort the table by that column, and clicking on any row sends you to Ididio's school profile.

Filter Schools
Offering this program at this level
All levels
Only schools in these states
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
Only schools within
200 Miles
of
400 schools offer this program (all levels) in the selected area.
School
State
Total enrollment
Student to Full-time Faculty Ratio
Average Net Price
Repayment Rate
6-year Completion Rate
Academy of Art University
CA
5,865
33.6
$30,307
48%
31%
Alderson Broaddus University
WV
978
20.1
$17,794
75%
47%
American River College
CA
21,656
54.5
$7,329
38%
19%
American University
DC
7,793
15.5
$32,732
86%
80%
Andrews University
MI
1,550
12.9
$21,566
67%
48%
Angelo State University
TX
6,219
24.2
$11,742
67%
43%
Appalachian State University
NC
16,840
18.8
$10,473
82%
71%
Arapahoe Community College
CO
5,089
49.4
$7,101
58%
24%
Arkansas State University - Main Campus
AR
8,936
24.2
$13,420
55%
47%
Arkansas Tech University
AR
8,340
24.4
$11,510
59%
49%
Asbury University
KY
1,434
16.7
$22,500
86%
62%
Ashford University
CA
31,885
193.0
$18,469
38%
25%
Auburn University
AL
22,392
20.3
$22,613
82%
73%
Augustana University
SD
1,630
12.8
$18,937
89%
72%
Austin Community College District
TX
24,361
43.0
$6,574
51%
6%
Averett University
VA
818
14.4
$22,592
65%
40%
Bakersfield College
CA
13,171
40.7
$6,645
37%
20%
Ball State University
IN
16,276
19.4
$13,535
75%
61%
Baylor University
TX
14,598
16.2
$37,745
82%
74%
Belmont University
TN
6,320
21.8
$35,382
85%
69%
Graduate program details
Explore journalism graduate program details

Many schools provide information to Peterson's about their graduate programs, and Ididio has licensed that data to share with you. The data is reported by program name and subject, and we have worked to match that data with the standard "CIP" titles that are the basis of these program pages. Please be aware that only a subset of all possible graduate programs share the details about financial support and admissions numbers with Peterson's. To see a complete list of schools who have graduated students with this degree, the previous section is much more reliable; however, this is a great place to look for a hint of schools that may offer financial support. You can see more details about each school's graduate programs in the Programs Offered section within that school's Ididio page.

Filter Schools
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
Program
State
Total applicants
Percentage Admitted
Application Fee
Grad students with aid
Ball State University
Program in Journalism (Master of Arts)
IN
14
71%
$60
Marshall University
Program in Journalism (Master of Arts in Journalism)
WV
$40
Quinnipiac University
Program in Sports Journalism (Master of Science)
CT
31
87%
$45
Quinnipiac University
Program in Journalism (Master of Science)
CT
9
56%
$45
University of Colorado Boulder
Program in Journalism (Doctor of Philosophy, Master of Arts)
CO
50
78%
$60
38
University of Illinois at Springfield
Public Affairs Reporting Program (Master of Arts)
IL
19
74%
$60
University of Oklahoma - Norman Campus
Program in Journalism and Mass Communication (Master of Arts, Doctor of Philosophy)
OK
22
64%
$50
31
University of Southern California
Program in Specialized Journalism (Master of Arts)
CA
65
75%
$90
University of Southern California
Program in Journalism (Master of Science)
CA
127
61%
$90
Explore similar programs

Journalism is part of a larger collection of programs: Communications, including journalism, multimedia, film, and radio. Is there a different program that's close to Journalism that might be a better match for your interests? You can use this table to see a little about the programs that fall under this umbrella. If you click on any of the table headers, that will sort the table by that column, or click on a row and see Ididio's profile for that program.

Program
Graduates
Award Levels
Less than Bachelor's
Bachelor's
Graduate
Gender
Men
Women
Race/Origin
White
Minority
International
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