Specialized Communication, Journalism, and Related Programs
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Overview
This is a catch-all title for programs in communication, journalism, and related fields not listed specifically by the department of education.
Current award levels
Hover over the bars below to see how many people across the country completed a degree in specialized communication, journalism, and related programs at each level last year.
05001K2K2K3K0-1 Year Certificate1-2 Year CertificateAssociate's DegreeBachelor's DegreePostbaccalaureate CertMaster's DegreeResearch Doctorate
Race/origin of recent graduates
Here is an overview of race/origin for all specialized communication, journalism, and related programs graduates from this last academic year. We found a higher percentage of international graduates in this program than in 78% of other programs.
Race/Origin
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Not Reported
International
Context: Percentage of Minority Graduates
Minority students comprise a lower percentage of graduates than in 47% of other programs.
Gender
Of all people with any degree in specialized communication, journalism, and related programs earned in the last academic year, 68% were women.
Gender
Men
Women
Context: Percentage women
This is a higher percentage of women than 67% of other programs.
Salary
The Census Bureau provides salary data for people with bachelor's degrees in communications, which includes specialized communication, journalism, and related programs and 2 other program.
Context: Median Salary
People with a degree in communications have a median salary of $55,796.
Context: Benefit of a master's
About 23% of these bachelor's graduates also have a graduate degree, perhaps in a different field. Salaries improved by approximately 18% over those holding only the bachelor's degree for those with subsequent graduate degrees.
Employment
As with our salary data, this data applies to all who earned a bachelor's degree in communications, which consists of 3 programs.
Context: Unemployment Rate
With an unemployment rate of 3.4%, this degree's majors who are in the workforce are less likely than the bachelor's graduates of 23% other fields to be employed.
Context: Self Employed Workers
About 8% of workers who earned a bachelor's in communications are self-employed.
Top careers
Following are the most frequent jobs held by people who earned a bachelor's degree in Communications (which combines 3 programs), perhaps followed by additional education in any field. There is a fun exploration of related degrees and careers under Explore Careers below.
Completions History
Salary and Employment for Majors
Understanding this data
This section's data is for bachelor's recipients of several programs including specialized communication, journalism, and related programs

This section is informed by household surveys collected for the American Community Survey (ACS). For each person in the households surveyed, we learn about their college major (if applicable), final educational attainment, age, occupation, salary, and more. Using the ACS data lets us share something about what financial and career outcomes people can expect after majoring in a particular field in college.

Within our program pages, Ididio details over 1700 programs. However, the ACS surveys only report on 170 college major degrees. There is no published crosswalk between the programs and degrees. Some of the programs we describe are mostly offered as certificates or graduate programs, and don't make sense as college majors. For the remaining programs, we created a mapping to the best-fitting ACS degree designation.

We placed specialized communication, journalism, and related programs within the ACS communications degree designation, which contains a total of 3 programs.

All of the data that follows is for individuals who earned a bachelor's degree with a major in the degree communications. While we compile data on those who also received graduate education, unfortunately ACS does not record the subject area for graduate degrees.

Programs included in the ACS communications degree
Specialized Communication and Media Studies
Communication
Specialized Communication, Journalism, and Related Programs
Employment overview
Percentage of communications bachelor's graduates who are working

Does getting a bachelor's degree in communications lead to a secure job? The donut chart shows the percentage communications majors who are working along with a broad view of where they work. We note:

  • Self-employed workers include those working in a family-owned business.
  • Government workers can be in local, state or federal governments.

Technically, about 15.8% of communications graduates are currently not working. However, only 3.4% are classified as "unemployed," while 12.4% are "not in the workforce." Unfortunately, we have no way of knowing whether people are out of the workforce for personal reasons or because they have been unable to find work for an extended period.

84%
Percentage working by type of employer
Government
Federal government
State government
Local government
Self-employed
Self Emp. Incoporated
Self Emp. Not Incorp.
Private not-for-profit
Private for-profit
total
Context: Unemployment rates

This chart lets you see whether communications majors have better unemployment rates than bachelor's graduates from other fields. In the shaded box plot, the percentage of unemployed with this degree is shown in blue, along with the distribution of the percentage of unemployed graduates for each bachelor's degree field.

3.4%0.0%1.0%2.0%3.0%4.0%5.0%
Salary overview
Typical salaries for communications majors

How does the median (middle) salary for communications majors compare to the median salaries for other majors? The chart below compares the median salaries for all bachelor's graduates by major. Here and everywhere that we discuss salary, we limit the population to those with bachelor's degrees who report working at least 35 hours a week and are aged 65 and younger.

Context: median salaries
$55,796$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000
Distribution: Salaries by Employer

Above we compared the median salaries earned across college majors. Now we'll view the full salary range for communications majors. The charts below show the full distribution of salaries for this degree alone, with a look at how the type of employer might affect that salary. This salary includes all people who may also have received graduate education in this or any field. You can tease out the importance of graduate education in the last tab in the section.

$56K$57K$52K$54K$42K$62K$73K$56K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250KLocal government (6.8% )Private for-profit (65.5% )Private not-for-profit (11.6% )State government (5.6% )Self Emp. Not Incorp. (3.9% )Self Emp. Incoporated (4.0% )Federal government (2.6% )Overall (100%)

Note that we do not include salary data when the survey standard error is higher than 20% of the salary. Therefore, some categories may be missing or may only provide partial salary ranges. To provide salary breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, age, and other factors. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of these characteristics on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

The battle of the sexes
Gender and success for communications majors

The donut chart shows the gender balance for all people with a bachelor's degree in communications. In the graphs that follow, we'll explore how these percentages compare to other bachelor's holders, and we'll also investigate the impact of gender on pay.

Gender
Men (45%)
Women (56%)
Context: Gender representation

How does the gender balance change according to college major? In the chart below, we see that communications has more women than most other degrees.

56%45%0%20%40%60%80%100%WomenMen
Distribution: salaries by gender

The chart below shows the distribution of salaries by gender of communications majors who are working 35 or more hours and are 65 or younger. If salaries are balanced for men and women, the blue and pink bars will be about the same. Many programs' graduates struggle with men's wages higher at all points of the salary distribution, including significantly higher top salaries.

$53K$62K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250KWomenMen
Context: Salary inequity

For communications graduates, men generally earn 17% more than women. This is better than many: 78% of programs have graduates with higher salary inequities.

17%17%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Age and Advancement
Insights from the ages of communications bachelor's-holders

The ages of people in the US with a bachelor's degree in communications can give us a hint about whether this degree is in-fashion or out-of-fashion. A higher percentage of older people with a degree suggests that newer degree options have edged out this degree for recent graduates. Likewise, a higher percentage of younger people with a degree may suggest that this degree has become more popular in recent years.

Careeer Advancement

What entry-level pay should you expect in your first job, and is the mid-level pay significantly higher? Below we see salary distributions by age group for communications graduates who are working 35 or more hours weekly. Is there room for advancement in careers that stem from this degree?

$69K$64K$67K$43K$63K$69K$54K$63K$30K$0$50K$100K$150KSalaries by age20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
050K100K150K200KNumber with major20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

Note that we do not include salary data when the survey standard error is higher than 20% of the salary. Therefore, some categories may be missing or may only provide partial salary ranges. To provide salary breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, age, and other factors. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of these characteristics on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Need for higher degrees
Is a bachelor's degree all you need?

Can communications majors earn a high salary without obtaining a graduate degree? Below, we dive into the prevalence of graduate degrees for communications majors, and we explore how much a graduate degree can be expected to increase salaries. Among all specialized communication, journalism, and related programs completions reported last year, 95% were at the bachelor's level or higher, including 29% at the graduate level.

Most recent completions in specialized communication, journalism, and related programs
0-1 Year Certificate
1-2 Year Certificate
2-4 Year Certificate
Associate's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Postbaccalaureate Cert
Master's Degree
Post-master's Cert
Professional Deg/Doct
Research Doctorate
Other Doctorate
Context: Graduate degrees in any field by undergraduate ACS degree

The donut shows the degree levels awarded in specialized communication, journalism, and related programs today. Now we'll use American Community Survey (ACS) data and look at all workers in the US who majored in communications when in college.

We know that about 23% communications majors chose to also earn a graduate degree (but we do not know the graduate field of study). The percentage of communications majors also earned a graduate degree is near the middle in comparison to other fields.

23%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: communications majors' salaries by education level

We saw above that 23% earned a graduate degree after earning a bachelor's in communications, but was this necessary for earning a good salary? We can see this answer in two ways. First, we can see the salary distribution for people with a bachelor's in communications by their highest education attained. Remember, we only know the field for the bachelor's degree; the graduate degree can be in any field.

$62K$53K$75K$76K$0$50K$100K$150K$200KBachelor's DegreeMaster's DegreeResearch DoctorateProfessional Deg/Doct

Note that we do not include salary data when the survey standard error is higher than 20% of the salary. Therefore, some categories may be missing or may only provide partial salary ranges. To provide salary breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, age, and other factors. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of these characteristics on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Context: Percentage boost obtained with a graduate degree

The second way that we can explore the impact of higher education on salary is to compare median salaries for workers with each level of education. We measure the percentage increase over the bachelor's salary that each higher degree achieved, and contrast that with similar measurements for other fields.

Sure, we think a higher degree would almost always help salary, but are there some majors that "need" a higher degree (in either the same or a new field) more than others in order to reach their earnings potential?

18%43%42%0%50%100%150%Bachelor's to Master'sBachelor's to Research DoctorateBachelor's to Professional Doctorate
Explore Careers
Careers for communications majors
Careers for communications majors

As we explained at the start of the previous section "Salary and Employment for Majors", the career data in all of these tabs is supported by the American Community Survey (ACS), which provides career information based on the broad degree communications. For of the career statistics we report here, we consider all bachelor-holders in specialized communication, journalism, and related programs and 2 other programs to fall under the ACS data we aggregated for the communications degree.

Here we look at ACS survey respondents across the US with a bachelor's degree in communications, and we see their top careers. You can explore the salary distributions for all people in those careers, as well as the typical education help by workers in that job. If you see ** before the job name, that tells you that the Department of Education recommends this job for people with a degree in specialized communication, journalism, and related programs. We did not find always find a strong correlation between that advice and where people were working.

Career
Select any column header to sort by that column, and select any row to explore that career.
Salary
Salary distribution 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Percentage with degree who are in job
Managers (specialized areas)
$0$200K$72K
5.6%
Marketing and sales managers
$0$200K$74K
4.0%
Elementary and middle school teachers
$0$200K$51K
3.5%
Wholesale and manufacturing sales representatives
$0$200K$61K
2.8%
Customer service representatives
$0$200K$32K
2.5%
Human resources workers
$0$200K$54K
2.4%
Secretaries and administrative assistants
$0$200K$36K
2.3%
First-line supervisors of retail sales workers
$0$200K$39K
2.1%
Lawyers, judges, and magistrates
$0$200K$93K
2.0%
Retail salespersons
$0$200K$31K
1.9%
Chief executives and legislators
$0$200K$96K
1.8%
Education administrators
$0$200K$68K
1.7%
Service sales representatives
$0$200K$57K
1.6%
First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers
$0$200K$59K
1.6%
**Postsecondary teachers
$0$200K$62K
1.5%
Market research analysts and marketing specialists
$0$200K$63K
1.4%
Producers and directors
$0$200K$60K
1.4%
Public Relations Specialists
$0$200K$60K
1.4%
Financial managers
$0$200K$68K
1.3%
Management analysts
$0$200K$76K
1.3%
Other routes to the top ten careers
Other majors that are hired by the top ten communications careers

Take a minute with this sankey diagram, and use your mouse/touch to explore. You can follow the top ten jobs held by communications graduates, and then, in turn, you can see the largest 10 degrees hired by each of those careers. We hope this gives you a glimpse at where you can most realistically hope to get a job with this degree, but also see alternatives for the same employment options. It's worth noting that for many degrees, the top ten jobs don't account for even half of the graduates. The data warns us / encourages us that a degree is only one piece of the puzzle that determines where we land.

This Degree
Top 10 careers
Top 10 degrees hired
Business Management and AdministrationGeneral BusinessAccountingElectrical EngineeringMechanical EngineeringPsychologyPolitical Science and GovernmentEconomicsMarketingFinanceCommunicationsEnglish Language and LiteratureJournalismElementary EducationGeneral EducationSpecial Needs EducationEarly Childhood EducationArt and Music EducationLanguage and Drama EducationHistoryLiberal ArtsBiologyCriminal Justice and Fire ProtectionSociologyHuman Resources and Personnel ManagementPhilosophy and Religious StudiesManagers (specializedareas)Marketing and salesmanagersElementary and middleschool teachersWholesale andmanufacturing salesrepresentativesCustomer servicerepresentativesSecretaries andadministrative assistantsHuman resources workersFirst-line supervisors ofretail sales workersRetail salespersonsLawyers, judges, andmagistratesAll others
Jobs that choose communications majors
What careers hire communications majors as one of their top 10?

What jobs are especially seeking you out? The previous section let you explore the top ten jobs for people who earn bachelor's degrees in this field. Now we turn the tables a bit. What jobs have communications as one of the top ten majors they hire? Take this with a grain of salt, though, since some majors have more than 100,000 annual graduates and others have only a few thousand. Maybe employers would hire more of certain low-number majors if they could be found. In the bottom Sankey box, we show you the proportion of communications majors that are accounted for by the top 10 jobs -- there are a myriad of other options for most majors.

Careers where this degree is a top 10 hire
Degrees
Meeting, convention, and event plannersPurchasing agentsTeachers and instructors (specialized areas)Administrative services managersMarketing and sales managersHuman resources workersLibrariansEducation, training, and library workers (specialized areas)Sales workersArtists and related workersCompensation, benefits, and job analysis specialistsSpeech-language pathologistsTax examiners/collectors and revenue agentsClergyDesignersCounselorsDirectors of religious activities and educationHealth diagnosing and treating practitionersGeneral and operations managersReligious workers (specialized areas)Brokerage clerksClaims adjusters and insurance appraisersActorsParalegals and legal assistantsFinancial specialistsFinancial clerksReal estate brokers and sales agentsEducation administratorsTherapists (specialized areas)Web developersSocial and human service assistantsCommunity and Social Service SpecialistsCredit counselors and loan officersOccupational therapistsProofreaders and copy markersProducers and directorsWholesale and manufacturing sales representativesPurchasing managersTraining and development specialistsService sales representativesAthletes, coaches, umpires, and related workersComputer support specialistsSecurities, commodities, and financial services sales agentsLogisticiansMusicians, singers, and related workersAnnouncersTax preparersInsurance sales agentsNews analysts, reporters and correspondentsFundraisersTraining and development managersPublic Relations SpecialistsAdvertising sales agentsMarket research analysts and marketing specialistsHuman resources managersEditorsAudiologistsFirst-line supervisors of non-retail sales workersTechnical writersBusiness operations specialistsRecreation and fitness workersDetectives and criminal investigatorsPublic relations and fundraising managersWriters and authorsAdvertising and promotions managersChief executives and legislatorsAccountants and auditorsLodging managersMedia and communication workers (specialized areas)PhotographersTelevision, video, and motion picture camera operators and editorsCredit analystsFinancial managersSocial and community service managersSpecial Education TeachersInsurance underwritersPersonal financial advisorsEntertainment agents and business managersAll other careersCommunicationsAll other degrees
Where can I complete this program?
What schools offer this program?
Explore schools that offer specialized communication, journalism, and related programs degrees and certificates

We've created a list of schools that offer this program for the level you select. We've also chosen a few facts about each school that give you an idea of the educational quality each school might offer:

  • Student-Faculty Ratio: A small number of students per full-time instructor suggests individual attention for each student and an up-to-date curriculum.

  • Satisfaction Rate: A high percentage of returning first-year students should correlate with satisfaction (schools call this their retention rate).

  • Repayment Rate: A high repayment rate means most alumni earn enough to make progress repaying loans within 7 years of leaving.

We also show the total enrollment for the school as measured by full-time-equivalent (FTE) students enrolled annually. You can filter the list by award level and by state. Clicking on any table headers will sort the table by that column, and clicking on any row sends you to Ididio's school profile.

Filter Schools
Offering this program at this level
All levels
Only schools in these states
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
Only schools within
200 Miles
of
99 schools offer this program (all levels) in the selected area.
School
State
Total enrollment
Student to Full-time Faculty Ratio
Average Net Price
Repayment Rate
6-year Completion Rate
American University
DC
7,793
15.5
$32,732
86%
80%
Arkansas State University - Main Campus
AR
8,936
24.2
$13,420
55%
47%
Armstrong State University
GA
5,510
21.7
$12,404
66%
36%
Augustana College
IL
2,546
13.1
$23,919
91%
79%
Benedictine University
IL
3,180
34.7
$24,039
74%
65%
Berry College
GA
2,073
13.2
$26,173
87%
66%
Bob Jones University
SC
2,620
15.7
$14,416
89%
58%
Boise State University
ID
14,469
22.0
$13,363
65%
45%
Bowie State University
MD
4,089
22.3
$13,137
40%
48%
Bowling Green State University - Main Campus
OH
14,305
22.1
$17,877
71%
63%
Brigham Young University - Provo
UT
30,924
27.6
$12,979
89%
63%
Buena Vista University
IA
1,924
24.9
$20,016
79%
57%
California Lutheran University
CA
2,953
21.8
$28,241
84%
71%
Carlow University
PA
1,207
18.8
$17,832
69%
57%
Chestnut Hill College
PA
1,301
26.2
$23,863
64%
50%
City University of Seattle
WA
731
45.2
67%
39%
DeSales University
PA
2,245
25.4
$27,977
87%
56%
Delaware County Community College
PA
7,440
53.5
$9,470
56%
19%
Delgado Community College
LA
9,702
27.8
$8,577
54%
18%
Dominican University of California
CA
1,319
16.3
$34,694
77%
71%
Explore similar programs

Specialized Communication, Journalism, and Related Programs is part of a larger collection of programs: Communications, including journalism, multimedia, film, and radio. Is there a different program that's close to Specialized Communication, Journalism, and Related Programs that might be a better match for your interests? You can use this table to see a little about the programs that fall under this umbrella. If you click on any of the table headers, that will sort the table by that column, or click on a row and see Ididio's profile for that program.

Program
Graduates
Award Levels
Less than Bachelor's
Bachelor's
Graduate
Gender
Men
Women
Race/Origin
White
Minority
International
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