Soil Science and Agronomy
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Overview
Soil science and agronomy is a program that generally focuses on the scientific classification of soils, soil properties, and their relationship to agricultural crops. includes instruction in soil chemistry, soil physics, soil biology, soil fertility, morphogenesis, mineralogy, hydrology, agronomy, and soil conservation and management.
Current award levels
Hover over the bars below to see how many people across the country completed a degree in soil science and agronomy at each level last year.
0100200300400Bachelor's DegreeMaster's DegreeResearch Doctorate
Race/origin of recent graduates
Here is an overview of race/origin for all soil science and agronomy graduates from this last academic year. We found a higher percentage of international graduates in this program than in 90% of other programs.
Race/Origin
White
Black
Pacific Islander
Hispanic
Asian
American Indian
Multiracial
Not Reported
International
Context: Percentage of Minority Graduates
Minority students comprise a lower percentage of graduates than in 67% of other programs.
Gender
Of all people with any degree in soil science and agronomy earned in the last academic year, 36% were women.
Gender
Men
Women
Context: Percentage women
This is a lower percentage of women than 68% of other programs.
Salary
The Census Bureau provides salary data for people with bachelor's degrees in soil science, which includes soil science and agronomy and 2 other program.
Context: Median Salary
People with a degree in soil science have a median salary of $60,299.
Context: Benefit of a master's
About 32% of these bachelor's graduates also have a graduate degree, perhaps in a different field. Salaries improved by approximately 13% over those holding only the bachelor's degree for those with subsequent graduate degrees.
Employment
As with our salary data, this data applies to all who earned a bachelor's degree in soil science, which consists of 3 programs.
Context: Unemployment Rate
With an unemployment rate of 2.9%, this degree's majors are in about the middle of all fields's bachelor's graduates in their ability to find a job.
Context: Self Employed Workers
About 14% of workers who earned a bachelor's in soil science are self-employed.
Top careers
Following are the most frequent jobs held by people who earned a bachelor's degree in Soil Science (which combines 3 programs), perhaps followed by additional education in any field. There is a fun exploration of related degrees and careers under Explore Careers below.
Similar programs
Following are related programs, ordered by those with the highest number of completions. You can explore a full list in the last section for programs below.
Completions History
Salary and Employment for Majors
Understanding this data
This section's data is for bachelor's recipients of several programs including soil science and agronomy

This section is informed by household surveys collected for the American Community Survey (ACS). For each person in the households surveyed, we learn about their college major (if applicable), final educational attainment, age, occupation, salary, and more. Using the ACS data lets us share something about what financial and career outcomes people can expect after majoring in a particular field in college.

Within our program pages, Ididio details over 1700 programs. However, the ACS surveys only report on 170 college major degrees. There is no published crosswalk between the programs and degrees. Some of the programs we describe are mostly offered as certificates or graduate programs, and don't make sense as college majors. For the remaining programs, we created a mapping to the best-fitting ACS degree designation.

We placed soil science and agronomy within the ACS soil science degree designation, which contains a total of 3 programs.

All of the data that follows is for individuals who earned a bachelor's degree with a major in the degree soil science. While we compile data on those who also received graduate education, unfortunately ACS does not record the subject area for graduate degrees.

Programs included in the ACS soil science degree
Specialized Soil Sciences
Soil Science and Agronomy
Soil Chemistry and Physics
Employment overview
Percentage of soil science bachelor's graduates who are working

Does getting a bachelor's degree in soil science lead to a secure job? The donut chart shows the percentage soil science majors who are working along with a broad view of where they work. We note:

  • Self-employed workers include those working in a family-owned business.
  • Government workers can be in local, state or federal governments.

Technically, about 14.0% of soil science graduates are currently not working. However, only 2.9% are classified as "unemployed," while 11.1% are "not in the workforce." Unfortunately, we have no way of knowing whether people are out of the workforce for personal reasons or because they have been unable to find work for an extended period.

86%
Percentage working by type of employer
Government
Federal government
State government
Local government
Self-employed
Self Emp. Incoporated
Self Emp. Not Incorp.
Private not-for-profit
Private for-profit
total
Context: Unemployment rates

This chart lets you see whether soil science majors have better unemployment rates than bachelor's graduates from other fields. In the shaded box plot, the percentage of unemployed with this degree is shown in blue, along with the distribution of the percentage of unemployed graduates for each bachelor's degree field.

2.9%0.0%1.0%2.0%3.0%4.0%5.0%
Salary overview
Typical salaries for soil science majors

How does the median (middle) salary for soil science majors compare to the median salaries for other majors? The chart below compares the median salaries for all bachelor's graduates by major. Here and everywhere that we discuss salary, we limit the population to those with bachelor's degrees who report working at least 35 hours a week and are aged 65 and younger.

Context: median salaries
$60,299$0$20,000$40,000$60,000$80,000$100,000
Distribution: Salaries by Employer

Above we compared the median salaries earned across college majors. Now we'll view the full salary range for soil science majors. The charts below show the full distribution of salaries for this degree alone, with a look at how the type of employer might affect that salary. This salary includes all people who may also have received graduate education in this or any field. You can tease out the importance of graduate education in the last tab in the section.

$65K$62K$57K$53K$46K$54K$84K$60K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250KSelf Emp. Incoporated (5.2% )Private for-profit (45.7% )Local government (7.9% )State government (13.5% )Self Emp. Not Incorp. (8.8% )Private not-for-profit (8.4% )Federal government (10.5% )Overall (100%)

Note that we do not include salary data when the survey standard error is higher than 20% of the salary. Therefore, some categories may be missing or may only provide partial salary ranges. To provide salary breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, age, and other factors. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of these characteristics on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

The battle of the sexes
Gender and success for soil science majors

The donut chart shows the gender balance for all people with a bachelor's degree in soil science. In the graphs that follow, we'll explore how these percentages compare to other bachelor's holders, and we'll also investigate the impact of gender on pay.

Gender
Men (79%)
Women (21%)
Context: Gender representation

How does the gender balance change according to college major? In the chart below, we see that soil science has more men than most other degrees.

21%79%0%20%40%60%80%100%WomenMen
Distribution: salaries by gender

The chart below shows the distribution of salaries by gender of soil science majors who are working 35 or more hours and are 65 or younger. If salaries are balanced for men and women, the blue and pink bars will be about the same. Many programs' graduates struggle with men's wages higher at all points of the salary distribution, including significantly higher top salaries.

$63K$50K$0$50K$100K$150K$200K$250KWomenMen
Context: Salary inequity

For soil science graduates, men generally earn 27% more than women. This is near the middle of salary differentials within each program's graduates.

27%27%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Age and Advancement
Insights from the ages of soil science bachelor's-holders

The ages of people in the US with a bachelor's degree in soil science can give us a hint about whether this degree is in-fashion or out-of-fashion. A higher percentage of older people with a degree suggests that newer degree options have edged out this degree for recent graduates. Likewise, a higher percentage of younger people with a degree may suggest that this degree has become more popular in recent years.

Careeer Advancement

What entry-level pay should you expect in your first job, and is the mid-level pay significantly higher? Below we see salary distributions by age group for soil science graduates who are working 35 or more hours weekly. Is there room for advancement in careers that stem from this degree?

$73K$52K$47K$63K$79K$63K$63K$75K$0$50K$100K$150K$200KSalaries by age20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64
05001K2KNumber with major20-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-64

Note that we do not include salary data when the survey standard error is higher than 20% of the salary. Therefore, some categories may be missing or may only provide partial salary ranges. To provide salary breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, age, and other factors. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of these characteristics on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Need for higher degrees
Is a bachelor's degree all you need?

Can soil science majors earn a high salary without obtaining a graduate degree? Below, we dive into the prevalence of graduate degrees for soil science majors, and we explore how much a graduate degree can be expected to increase salaries. Among all soil science and agronomy completions reported last year, 100% were at the bachelor's level or higher, including 41% at the graduate level.

Most recent completions in soil science and agronomy
0-1 Year Certificate
1-2 Year Certificate
2-4 Year Certificate
Associate's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Postbaccalaureate Cert
Master's Degree
Post-master's Cert
Professional Deg/Doct
Research Doctorate
Other Doctorate
Context: Graduate degrees in any field by undergraduate ACS degree

The donut shows the degree levels awarded in soil science and agronomy today. Now we'll use American Community Survey (ACS) data and look at all workers in the US who majored in soil science when in college.

We know that about 32% soil science majors chose to also earn a graduate degree (but we do not know the graduate field of study). The percentage of soil science majors also earned a graduate degree is near the middle in comparison to other fields.

32%0%20%40%60%80%100%
Distribution: soil science majors' salaries by education level

We saw above that 32% earned a graduate degree after earning a bachelor's in soil science, but was this necessary for earning a good salary? We can see this answer in two ways. First, we can see the salary distribution for people with a bachelor's in soil science by their highest education attained. Remember, we only know the field for the bachelor's degree; the graduate degree can be in any field.

$56K$63K$99K$0$50K$100K$150KBachelor's DegreeMaster's DegreeResearch Doctorate

Note that we do not include salary data when the survey standard error is higher than 20% of the salary. Therefore, some categories may be missing or may only provide partial salary ranges. To provide salary breakdowns, we have aggregated ACS person-level career survey responses by career, gender, race, age, and other factors. These graphics reflect the results of our aggregations, and are useful for identifying trends. A careful statistical study of the impact of these characteristics on salaries would correct for other factors that could be contributing to salary differences.

Context: Percentage boost obtained with a graduate degree

The second way that we can explore the impact of higher education on salary is to compare median salaries for workers with each level of education. We measure the percentage increase over the bachelor's salary that each higher degree achieved, and contrast that with similar measurements for other fields.

Sure, we think a higher degree would almost always help salary, but are there some majors that "need" a higher degree (in either the same or a new field) more than others in order to reach their earnings potential?

13%76%0%20%40%60%80%Bachelor's to Master'sBachelor's to Research Doctorate
Explore Careers
Careers for soil science majors
Careers for soil science majors

As we explained at the start of the previous section "Salary and Employment for Majors", the career data in all of these tabs is supported by the American Community Survey (ACS), which provides career information based on the broad degree soil science. For of the career statistics we report here, we consider all bachelor-holders in soil science and agronomy and 2 other programs to fall under the ACS data we aggregated for the soil science degree.

Here we look at ACS survey respondents across the US with a bachelor's degree in soil science, and we see their top careers. You can explore the salary distributions for all people in those careers, as well as the typical education help by workers in that job. If you see ** before the job name, that tells you that the Department of Education recommends this job for people with a degree in soil science and agronomy. We did not find always find a strong correlation between that advice and where people were working.

Career
Select any column header to sort by that column, and select any row to explore that career.
Salary
Salary distribution 0-$200,000.
Median
Middle 50%
Middle 80%
Education
High School
Some College
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Doctorate
Percentage with degree who are in job
Managers (specialized areas)
$0$200K$72K
7.0%
Agricultural Managers
$0$200K$39K
6.3%
**Agricultural and food scientists
$0$200K$61K
5.6%
**Postsecondary teachers
$0$200K$62K
4.9%
Conservation scientists and foresters
$0$200K$56K
3.1%
Environmental scientists and geoscientists
$0$200K$70K
2.9%
Grounds maintenance workers
$0$200K$23K
2.3%
First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers
$0$200K$39K
2.1%
Architects
$0$200K$73K
1.9%
Management analysts
$0$200K$76K
1.9%
First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers
$0$200K$48K
1.7%
Wholesale and manufacturing sales representatives
$0$200K$61K
1.6%
Chief executives and legislators
$0$200K$96K
1.6%
Elementary and middle school teachers
$0$200K$51K
1.4%
Chemists and materials scientists
$0$200K$67K
1.4%
Science technicians
$0$200K$41K
1.3%
First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers
$0$200K$40K
1.2%
First-line supervisors of retail sales workers
$0$200K$39K
1.2%
Retail salespersons
$0$200K$31K
1.2%
Computer and information systems managers
$0$200K$99K
1.2%
Other routes to the top ten careers
Other majors that are hired by the top ten soil science careers

Take a minute with this sankey diagram, and use your mouse/touch to explore. You can follow the top ten jobs held by soil science graduates, and then, in turn, you can see the largest 10 degrees hired by each of those careers. We hope this gives you a glimpse at where you can most realistically hope to get a job with this degree, but also see alternatives for the same employment options. It's worth noting that for many degrees, the top ten jobs don't account for even half of the graduates. The data warns us / encourages us that a degree is only one piece of the puzzle that determines where we land.

This Degree
Top 10 careers
Top 10 degrees hired
General AgricultureAnimal SciencesAgriculture Production and ManagementPlant Science and AgronomyBusiness Management and AdministrationGeneral BusinessAgricultural EconomicsBiologyAccountingEconomicsElectrical EngineeringMechanical EngineeringPsychologyPolitical Science and GovernmentMarketingFinanceFood ScienceChemistryMultidisciplinary or General ScienceSoil ScienceEnvironmental ScienceEnglish Language and LiteratureMathematicsNursingGeneral EducationHistoryPhysicsForestryNatural Resources ManagementCriminal Justice and Fire ProtectionArchitecturePhysical Fitness, Parks, Recreation, and LeisureElementary EducationSpecial Needs EducationEarly Childhood EducationArt and Music EducationLanguage and Drama EducationLiberal ArtsCommunicationsComputer ScienceCommercial Art and Graphic DesignFine ArtsGeneral EngineeringAgricultural ManagersManagers (specializedareas)Agricultural and foodscientistsPostsecondary teachersConservation scientists andforestersGrounds maintenanceworkersFirst-line supervisors oflandscaping, lawn service,and groundskeepingworkersElementary and middleschool teachersWholesale andmanufacturing salesrepresentativesArchitectsAll others
Jobs that choose soil science majors
What careers hire soil science majors as one of their top 10?

What jobs are especially seeking you out? The previous section let you explore the top ten jobs for people who earn bachelor's degrees in this field. Now we turn the tables a bit. What jobs have soil science as one of the top ten majors they hire? Take this with a grain of salt, though, since some majors have more than 100,000 annual graduates and others have only a few thousand. Maybe employers would hire more of certain low-number majors if they could be found. In the bottom Sankey box, we show you the proportion of soil science majors that are accounted for by the top 10 jobs -- there are a myriad of other options for most majors.

Careers where this degree is a top 10 hire
Degrees
Agricultural and food scientistsConservation scientists and forestersAll other careersSoil ScienceAll other degrees
Where can I complete this program?
What schools offer this program?
Explore schools that offer soil science and agronomy degrees and certificates

We've created a list of schools that offer this program for the level you select. We've also chosen a few facts about each school that give you an idea of the educational quality each school might offer:

  • Student-Faculty Ratio: A small number of students per full-time instructor suggests individual attention for each student and an up-to-date curriculum.

  • Satisfaction Rate: A high percentage of returning first-year students should correlate with satisfaction (schools call this their retention rate).

  • Repayment Rate: A high repayment rate means most alumni earn enough to make progress repaying loans within 7 years of leaving.

We also show the total enrollment for the school as measured by full-time-equivalent (FTE) students enrolled annually. You can filter the list by award level and by state. Clicking on any table headers will sort the table by that column, and clicking on any row sends you to Ididio's school profile.

Filter Schools
Offering this program at this level
All levels
Only schools in these states
AKMEVTNHWAIDMTNDMNMINYMARIORUTWYSDIAWIINOHPANJCTCANVCONEMOILKYWVVAMDDEAZNMKSARTNNCSCDCOKLAMSALGAHITXFLPR
Only schools within
200 Miles
of
27 schools offer this program (all levels) in the selected area.
School
State
Total enrollment
Student to Full-time Faculty Ratio
Average Net Price
Repayment Rate
6-year Completion Rate
Brigham Young University - Idaho
ID
43,000
78.9
$7,727
83%
53%
California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo
CA
19,398
22.8
$19,002
91%
78%
Colorado State University - Fort Collins
CO
23,096
18.4
$17,191
80%
69%
Iowa State University
IA
29,857
21.6
$13,949
84%
68%
Michigan State University
MI
37,175
18.3
$16,684
83%
80%
New Mexico State University - Main Campus
NM
10,615
19.5
$9,449
60%
50%
North Carolina State University at Raleigh
NC
22,717
17.2
$13,442
85%
75%
North Dakota State University - Main Campus
ND
11,279
23.4
$14,848
89%
55%
Oklahoma State University - Main Campus
OK
19,428
19.3
$14,513
76%
60%
Oregon State University
OR
22,525
19.6
$19,205
81%
64%
Pennsylvania State University - Main Campus
PA
44,253
18.0
$25,346
82%
75%
Purdue University - Main Campus
IN
30,779
20.9
$12,117
87%
65%
Southern Illinois University - Carbondale
IL
11,140
21.0
$16,431
67%
46%
Texas A & M University - College Station
TX
46,290
22.1
$19,554
89%
70%
Tuskegee University
AL
2,604
11.7
$30,847
55%
52%
University of Florida
FL
33,140
21.7
$15,283
76%
86%
University of Georgia
GA
27,029
18.4
$15,934
78%
84%
University of Idaho
ID
8,253
16.6
$14,997
76%
60%
University of Kentucky
KY
21,391
19.5
$19,361
78%
63%
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities
MN
34,926
20.1
$16,808
82%
79%
Explore similar programs

Soil Science and Agronomy is part of a larger collection of programs: Agriculture. Is there a different program that's close to Soil Science and Agronomy that might be a better match for your interests? You can use this table to see a little about the programs that fall under this umbrella. If you click on any of the table headers, that will sort the table by that column, or click on a row and see Ididio's profile for that program.

Program
Graduates
Award Levels
Less than Bachelor's
Bachelor's
Graduate
Gender
Men
Women
Race/Origin
White
Minority
International
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